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What is a Structural Audit?

 

It is the first step in deciding to go for the redevelopment project. This report has to be carried out for all buildings/structures in the society plot. Without the structural reports, society cannot go for the redevelopment process.

 

A structural audit means that the structural strength of a society building is inspected by an authorized structural engineer. The inspection includes the following points.

  1. Structural drawing analysis. ( if available)
  2. On-site inspection.
  3. Necessary structural stability tests ( if suggested by the auditor)

In a structural audit, the auditor will suggest whether society needs restoration or redevelopment.

 

When does Society go for a Structural Audit?

 

  1. If the building is old for more than 30 years, the building structure is damaged and in an unrepairable condition.
  2. If a structural audit consultant mentioned the condition of buildings & suggested whether society needs redevelopment.
  3. Even if a building is less than 30 years old (building lifespan), but the structural report suggests redevelopment rather than restoration, society can choose redevelopment.

 

Who can do a Structural Audit?

 

  1. Experienced structural engineer registered with the competent authority.
  2. His experience should be not less than 10 years in a relevant field.

 

Entitlement of FSI for Road Widening or Construction of New Roads or Surrender of Reserved Land in UDCPR 2020

UDCPR 2020 Chapter 7 is all about Higher FSI for Certain Uses as per mentioned in the UDCPR 

 

This is Applicable to all Planning Authorities and Regional Plan Areas except Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, Other Planning Authorities/Special Planning Authorities/ Development Authorities within the limit of Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, MIDC, NAINA, Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust, Hill Station Municipal Councils, Eco-sensitive/Eco-fragile region notified by MoEF & CC and Lonavala Municipal Council, in Maharashtra

 

Rule No. 7.2 Entitlement of FSI for Road Widening or Construction of New Roads/Surrender of Reserved Land

 

The Authority may permit on the same plot, additional FSI of the area required for road widening or for construction of a new road proposed under the Development Plan/Regional Plan/Planning Proposal, and also service road proposed to NH/SH/MDR/ODR whether shown on plan or not, if the owner (including the lessee) of such land surrenders such land without claiming any monetary compensation in lieu thereof and hands over the same free from encumbrances to the satisfaction of the Authority. FSI generated against the surrender of land, shall be in proportion to the provisions mentioned in Regulation of TDR and may be utilized on the remaining land within the building potential mentioned in Table 6-A, 6-G, and 6-H of Regulation No.6.1, 6.3 and 6.4 respectively, whichever is applicable. If desired by the owner, TDR, wherever applicable, may be granted against such surrendered land instead of utilizing FSI on the remaining land. Such TDR shall be allowed to be utilized as a Development Right in accordance with the provisions regulating the Transfer of Development Rights (TDR). Thereafter, the road shall be transferred in the city survey records/revenue records in the name of the Authority and shall vest in it becoming part of a public street.

 

Provided further that, this concession shall not be granted in respect of:-

 

a) Roads in the areas of the Town Planning Scheme are the proposals for the scheme.

 

b) Cases mentioned in the provision of TDR as mentioned in Regulation No.11.2.3.

 

 

Related Regulations to Rule No. 7

 

Rule No. 7.0 in UDCPR 2020

 

Development and Redevelopment Of Staff Quarters Of the State Government or Its Statuary Bodies or Planning Authority in UDCPR 2020

 

Development and Redevelopment of Housing Schemes of Maharashtra Housing Area Development Authority in UDCPR 2020

 

Redevelopment of Existing Buildings in UDCPR 2020

 

Development of Housing for EWS and LIG in UDCPR 2020

 

Regulations for Development of Information Technology Establishment, Data Centers in UDCPR 2020

 

Regulation for Development of Biotechnology Parks in UDCPR 2020

 

Incentive for Green Buildings in UDCPR 2020

 

Buildings of Smart Fin Tech Centre in UDCPR 2020

 

Commercial Buildings in CBD, Commercial, Residential Zone in Planning Authorities Areas in UDCPR 2020

 

Compound Wall and Other Requirements of Part of Building in UDCPR 2020

UDCPR 2020 Chapter 9 is all about the Requirements of Part of the Building as per mentioned in the UDCPR 

 

This is Applicable to all Planning Authorities and Regional Plan Areas except Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, Other Planning Authorities/Special Planning Authorities/ Development Authorities within the limit of Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, MIDC, NAINA, Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust, Hill Station Municipal Councils, Eco-sensitive/Eco-fragile region notified by MoEF & CC and Lonavala Municipal Council, in Maharashtra.

 

Rule No. 9.26 Boundary/Compound Wall

 

i) The maximum height of the front compound wall shall be 1.5 m. above the central line of the front street. Compound wall up to 2.4 m. height may be permitted, if the top 0.9 m. is of open type construction. The maximum height of the side and rear compound wall shall be 1.5 m. above the average ground level of the particular plot.

 

ii) In the case of a corner plot, the height of the boundary wall shall be restricted to 0.75 m. for a length equal to the fanning of the road on the front and side of the intersection and the remaining height of 0.75 m., if required, in accordance with sub-regulation (i) above, may be of open type construction (railings).

 

iii) The provision of sub-regulations (i) and (ii) above shall not be applicable to boundary walls of jails.

 

iv) In the case of industrial buildings, electric sub-stations, transformer stations, institutional buildings like sanatoria, hospitals, industrial buildings like workshops, factories and educational buildings like schools, colleges including the hostels and other users of public utility undertakings the height up to 2.4 m. may be permitted by the Authority.

 

v) The gates in a compound wall shall not open on any public access/pathway/road/street and shall open entirely inside the property.

 

Rule No. 9.16 Stilt

 

A stilt with one or more levels may be permitted underneath a building. The height of the stilt floor below the soffit of the beam shall not be less than 2.4 m. At least two sides of the stilt shall be open. In the case of stack parking, a clear height of 4.50 m. shall be maintained. The open stilt portion shall not be used for any purpose other than for vehicle parking or play areas for children. However, habitable use may be allowed in part of the stilt which shall be counted in F.S.I. In the case of a stilt on the ground floor plinth of the stilt shall not be more than 15 cm. from the surrounding ground level.

 

Rule No. 9.17 Chimneys

 

Chimney, where provided, shall conform to the requirements of the Indian Standard Code of Practice for Fire Safety of Building. Provided that the Chimney shall be built at least 0.9 m. above flat roof. In the case of sloping roofs, the chimney top shall not be less than, 0.6 m. above the ridge of the roof in which the chimney penetrates.

 

Rule No. 9.18 Letter Box

 

A letter box of appropriate dimensions shall be provided on the ground floor of residential and commercial buildings.

 

Rule No. 9.19 Meter Room

 

A meter room shall be provided as per the requirement of M.S.E.D.C.L. or power supply

company as per the number of tenements/units.

 

Rule No. 9.21 Overhead Tanks

 

Every overhead water storage tank shall be maintained in a perfectly mosquito-proof condition by providing a properly fitting hinged cover and every tank more than 1.5 m. in height shall be provided with a permanently fixed iron ladder.

 

Rule No. 9.22 Parapet

 

Parapet walls and handrails provided on the edges of roof terraces, podiums, balconies, verandahs, and recreational floors shall not be less than 1.0 m. and not more than 1.2 m. in height from the finished floor level. In case of occupancies like educational, health, etc. such parapet may be permitted up to 2.00 m. height.

 

Rule No. 9.23 Cabin

 

Where cabins are provided, the size of cabins shall be 3.0 sq.m. with a minimum width of 1.0 m. The clear passages within the divided space of any floor shall not be less than 0.9 m. and the distance from the farthest space in a cabin to any exit shall not be more than 18.5 m.

 

Rule No. 9.24 Wells


Wells intended for the supply of water for human consumption or domestic purposes may be permitted at a suitable place in a plot.

 

Rule No. 9.25 Septic Tanks

 

Every building or group of buildings together shall be either connected to a Drainage system or be provided with a sub-soil dispersion system in the form of a septic tank of suitable size and technical specifications. Modern methods of disposal, as may be specified by Government/Government bodies such as NEERI etc. may also be permissible.

 

Rule No. 9.30 Architectural Projections

 

Architectural Projections may be allowed to the following extent.

HorizontalVertical (above building)
H/20, subject to min 0.3 m. and max 3.0 m. exclusive of side and rear marginal distance of 6.0 m. required for movement for fire fighting vehicles in case of special buildings.H / 20, subject to max. 6.0 m.

 

Where H = Height of building from ground level.

 

The owner shall submit the undertaking to the authority that, such architectural projection shall not be converted to any habitable or other purpose.

 

Rule No. 9.33 Service Floor

 

A service floor of height not exceeding 1.8 m. may be provided in a building exclusively for provision/diversion of services. Provided further that a service floor with a height exceeding 1.8 m. may be allowed in a building of medical use or in a building having a height more than 70.0 m. with the special permission of the Authority with reasons recorded in writing.

 

Related Regulations to Rule No. 9

 

Habitable Rooms as Requirements of Part of Building in UDCPR 2020

 

Basements as Requirements of Part of Building in UDCPR 2020

 

Ramp as Requirements of Part of Building in UDCPR 2020

 

Balcony as Requirements of Part of Building in UDCPR 2020

 

Provision of Lift as Requirements of Part of Building in UDCPR 2020

 

Lighting and Ventilation of Room as Requirements of Part of Building in UDCPR 2020

 

Must Know Factor of Your Land

Are planning to buy / sell any land ? 

Are  you looking to develop a land ? 

Are you looking for joint venture of you land with any builder ? 

Wait…

Here is what you must know about your land before you buy it.

  1. For any Investment in land for Buy , Sell, Develop or Joint venture legal rights, clear 7/12 extract (7-12 उतारा), title clear certificate, with no litigations or with undisputed rights to seller are must.
  2. There is also a common misconception for that clear ownership rights is all enough for any kind of development (eg-  residential, bungalow, commercial, industrial, institutional etc…) Title & search report clarify ownership rights of land but it does not clarify development uses of the land. So a wise decision in land deal is to consider various parameters of land development. Few of them are explained below

Zone of plot –

  1. Land zone is most important factor for any kind of use of land. Planning authority plans various zones in development Plan. These zones are like Residential (R zone), Commercial Zone, Industrial Zone, Agriculture Zone…
  2. One cannot develop the land for any other purpose except those decided by planning authority or government. (eg- residential building, industry etc…)
  3. Zone conversion is not easy to go process. Unless it matches certain parameters of access road, distance from Gotham, land area etc. zone cannot be converted.
  4. Most of cases zone change is permitted after payment of certain charges to government.

Access Road –

  1. Many times plot are purchased with 10 feet or 20 feet access road. It do not serve all development purpose of user.
  2. eg – commercial building must have min 12 M road. (In non congested area)
  3. On any highway or major roads, one cannot develop area without leaving certain distance from road.
  4. If access road is not of required width then planning authority do not allow such development.

Reservations –

  1. Reservation are not necessarily to be marked on site. So verification in development / regional plan & on site is recommended.
  2. Most of the natural reservations cannot be developed & no FSI / TDR as compensation is given to owner. These natural reservation include River blue Line, Area Under Nala, Hill Top & Hill slope, BDP (Bio Diversity Park), etc…
  3. For some reservations owner gets FSI / TDR (sometimes 2 times of land area) after handing over such land to authority. Eg – D.P Road, Garden, Metro station, Fire station etc…
  4. Some reservations can be developed by owner/ developer under certain restrictions.

Factors affecting planning and construction area –

  1. Various factors affect plot & permissible development on such plot. In such case desired construction area may or may not be achieved.
  2. These factors are like plot shape, plot sizes, land slope, Height limitations etc…
  3. Few other factors are like Electric lines, building control line, buffer zone, distance from railway line, airport vicinity zone, etc.. Plot in these cases can be developed after leaving certain distance from such factors.

Minimum Plot Area for Various Uses in UDCPR 2020

There are general regulations about any construction permissible on land and no piece of land shall be used as a site for the construction of a building if the site is not eligible for it.

 

If the Authority considers that the site is insanitary, incapable of being well-drained, or is dangerous to construct a building on it, then it is not permissible to use this land as a site for construction.


For Example, if the site is in Defense land, Railway region Hilly region, or not drained properly, in this case there, one cannot construct anything on the land without considering the regulations. This information about reservations and their use is very important when someone starts actual planning, whether they are land owners, builders, or construction owners. It is a must-know information before purchasing land or starting construction on the land.

 

This information about reservations and their use is very important when someone starts actual planning, whether they are land owners, builders, or construction owners. It is a must-know information before purchasing land or starting construction on the land.

 

UDCPR 2020 Chapter 3 is all about General Land Development Requirements.

 

This is Applicable to all Planning Authorities and Regional Plan Areas except Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, Other Planning Authorities/Special Planning Authorities/ Development Authorities within the limit of Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, MIDC, NAINA, Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust, Hill Station Municipal Councils, Eco-sensitive/Eco-fragile region notified by MoEF & CC and Lonavala Municipal Council, in Maharashtra.

 

 

Rule No. 3.7 Minimum Plot Area for Various Uses in UDCPR 2020

 

The minimum plot area for various uses shall be as given in Table No.3D below:-

 

Table No.3D

Sr. NoUsesMin. Plot area (in Sq.m.)Min. Plot Width (in m.)Type of Development
1Residential and CommercialMin 30As per Table No. 6 D

Row / Semi-detached / detached development as specified / anticipated in earlier approved layout or layout to be approved in future.

In other cases, as per permissibility of the construction area taking into consideration the marginal distances.

2Plots in EWS Housing/High-Density Housing/Sites and Services/Slum Upgradation/Reconstruction Scheme by Public Authority. Row / Semi-detached / detached.
3Vehicle fuel Filling stations including LPG / CNG / Ethanol / Public Charging Stations for Electric Vehicles -
(a) Without service bayAs required by the concerned authority.As required by the concerned authority.Detached.
(b) With service bay--do ----do --Detached.
4Industrial (other than service industries)30010 m.Detached.
5Other uses (other than 1 to 4 above)Required plot size and development shall be governed by the permissibility of construction under these regulations.

 

Related Regulations to Rule No. 3 - 

 

You can visit our other blogs related to Regulations 3 through the below-mentioned links:

 

Recreational Open Spaces in UDCPR 2020

 

Provision for Amenity Space in UDCPR 2020

 

Relocation of D.P Reservations (Except Road) UDCPR 2020

 

Provision for Inclusive Housing in UDCPR 2020

 

Rules for Railway Line, River, Electric Line, Airport, Nallah in UDCPR 2020

 

Plotting, Land Subdivisions, and Access Road Rules in UDCPR 2020

 

Uses Permissible in Commercial Zone in UDCPR 2020

Any city in India is divided into various land use zones: Residential, Commercial, Agricultural, Industrial, etc. So, there is a restriction on the use of land under any zone. For example, You cannot build a Commercial building in an Agricultural Zone, or You cannot build hazardous or high-end Industries in a Residential Zone. So here are the uses permissible in the Commercial Zone as per UDCPR 2020 (UNIFIED DEVELOPMENT CONTROL AND PROMOTION REGULATIONS FOR MAHARASHTRA STATE).

 

This is applicable to all Planning Authorities and Regional Plan Areas except Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, Other Planning Authorities / Special Planning Authorities / Development Authorities within the limit of Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, MIDC, NAINA, Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust, Hill Station Municipal Councils, Eco-sensitive / Eco-fragile region notified by MoEF & CC and Lonavala Municipal Council, in Maharashtra.

 

Rule No. 4.7 COMMERCIAL ZONE

 

In commercial zones, buildings or premises shall be used for the uses and purposes given below :-

 

i)  Any use permitted in the residential R - 2 zone.

 

ii)  Any commercial use, wholesale establishments with or without storage area.

 

iii)  Uses permissible in a Public Semi-public Zone.

 

iv)  Public utility buildings.

 

v)  Activities permissible in Service Industries.

 

 

Related Regulations to Rule No. 4- 

 

You can visit our other blogs on regulations through the below-mentioned links:

 

Uses Permissible in Various Zones UDCPR 2020

 

Uses Permissible in Development Plan Reservations in UDCPR 2020

 

Uses Permissible in Green Belt Zone and River Protection Belt in UDCPR 2020

 

Uses Permissible in Agricultural Zone in UDCPR 2020

 

Uses Permissible in Public and Semi Public Zone in UDCPR 2020

 

Uses Permissible in Industrial Zone in UDCPR 2020

 

What are the Types of Zones in UDCPR 2020

 

Uses Permissible in Residential Zones R2 in UDCPR 2020

 

Uses Permissible in Residential Zones R1 in UDCPR 2020