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as on July 17, 2024

The Role of Brickwork Contractor in Pune’s Construction Field | Foot2Feet

: To know the working of brickwork contractors in Pune’s building construction scene and to learn about their role and expertise. 

 

Introduction

Brick Work or Brick Masonry is an ancient practice used in constructions. Brickwork is done by bonding them together with cement mortar. The methods of brickwork have evolved over time with regards to the limitations of the age old techniques, material, need of the construction and efficiency.

Earlier, people used to build their houses on their own and there was no such system at work. Later to make it more efficient, people started hiring technicians for the job. With this, the role of contractors emerged. 

In the construction industry, the work of a contractor is crucial. With their expertise and skill, the work becomes more efficient. They handle the workers and supervise the daily workflow. By employing contractors, the quality and efficiency is ensured. 

 

Here, we will get to know about Brickwork contractors and their work in Pune city also the working nature of brickwork contractors at Foot2Feet.

 

Brickwork Contractors and Their Roles

Brickwork contractors are responsible in building structures from bricks, blocks and other masonry units. With their expertise, it is easier to know the requirements of the work. They supervise the laying of bricks in different patterns, for structural and often for aesthetic reasons. Their key duties include reading blueprints, mixing mortar, and following safety guidelines. They can work on residential, commercial, or industrial jobs.

 

Alt Text: Contractor and engineer on site with a blueprint or plan of a building.  

Image Source: freepik.com 

 

Working Nature of Brickwork Contractors

The work of the brickwork contractor involves many crucial things. They need to have the deeper knowledge and understanding of the materials and the plan of the building. 

Blueprint Reading: Brick contractors read as well as interpret blueprints and plans to gain knowledge and understand the requirements about the job.

 

Material Preparation: They prepare and handle bricks, mortar and tools.

 

Bricklaying: The main activity is laying bricks in the right pattern, level, plumb, and making it aligned with overall structure.

 

Quality Control: They make sure the job meets building codes and standards, they also inspect for structural integrity and aesthetic quality.

 

Safety Compliance: They follow safety protocols to avoid accidents on site.

 

At Foot2Feet, we take care that the brickwork contractors we hire have the understanding of all the above-mentioned things.

How to Find a Good Brickwork Contractor in Pune?

Pune city is growing every day. To sustain this growth, we need strong and good quality of construction. The beginning of any building construction starts from laying the brickwork. For that there is a crucial need of good brickwork contractor. By following below mentioned points, you can find a good brickwork contractors in Pune. 

  • Experience: Seek a contractor with 5-10 years or more of experience. It is more likely for an experienced contractor to provide quality work and undertake unforeseen challenges fittingly.

 

  • Portfolio: An examination of projects previously worked on to gauge the quality and style of their work.

 

  • Performance References and Reviews: Get references from former clients, which can help judge the contractor's reliability and professionalism. Check online reviews.

 

  • Licensing and Insurance: Make sure that the contractor has their licenses up to date and have insurance coverage to protect against any possible liabilities.

We, at Foot2Feet strongly believe that if brickwork contractors possess good understanding of the construction and its ways, then the building will be strong.

 

Why Pune City’s Buildings Need Good Brickwork Contractors?

Pune is a growing city. After Mumbai, it’s the second most important city in the state of Maharashtra. People migrate to this city for employment, residential and commercial areas are getting build, and the infrastructure of Pune city is developing very fast. For this Pune need good brickwork contractors. 

  • Rapid Urban Growth: Pune city is rapidly expanding. So, its crucial for housing and infrastructure to meet demands of quality construction.

 

  • Historic Preservation: Pune has many historical sites. Skilled contractors are always required for restoration and maintenance of these heritage structures.
  • Durability: To make strong and long lasting buildings, high-quality brickwork is required. This reduces maintenance cost.

 

  • Safety: Good contractors follow safety standards. They ensure structures are safe for residents and workers.

 

  • Aesthetics: Skilled brickwork helps in achieving architectural beauty of the city, contributing to its charm and appeal.

 

  • Economic Development: Pune is a growing economic hub. So, quality construction becomes an eye catcher for businesses and investments, boosting the local economy.

So, to keep the cultural glow and economical flow of Pune city, its necessary to get a good knowledgeable brickwork contractor. We, at Foot2Feet care about Pune’s history and the significance those structures stand for.  To continue the legacy of the strong standing buildings, we have knowledgeable brickwork contractors for your project. 

 

Cost Considerations

In most cases, the rate of any brickwork contractor will be in the range of 15-30% of the cost of a project. Obviously, this will be higher if the kind of project is complex, expensive in terms of location, or if a contractor holds extremely good work credentials.

 

Historical Context of Brickwork Contractors 

Thousands of years ago, evidence of contractors dates back to famous examples like the construction of the Egyptian pyramids. Such enormous projects involve huge organized labor forces and skilled artisans. The role of the brickwork contractor has dramatically changed over the centuries. In the 19th and 20th centuries, industrialized processes and machinery introduced to bricklaying changed that heavy manual labor-intensive industry into a more mechanized and efficient process.

There are many historical buildings in Pune. Mostly, Peshwas built them. They also hired contractors for the job. The walls and bricks are still intact. That means the working nature of that time’s brickwork contractor was very good and it stood with time. It becomes a responsibility of any contractor to take the best effort to ensure that the building rightly suits with the legacy of historical buildings of Pune.

 

Restoration of Pune’s Buildings

Pune is rich with its culture. Among many different trades of culture, architecture of old Pune is in itself is a cultural aspect. There are many historical buildings, which need restoration and maintenance for time to time. So, a brickwork contractor will do maintenance by removing the damaged brick, making repointing, and filling up the gaps with mortar. 

By employing the brickwork contractor through Foot2Feet, the restoration of the building gets done with at most care and importance. 

 

Need of Brickwork Contractors in Pune for Modern Developments

The ever so developing Pune city is thriving by its adoption of modernity in the constructions. All the new buildings that are getting constructed are implementing modern technologies. Brickwork contractors in Pune are using the modern equipment for the betterment of Pune’s construction and long life of the builings. The brickwork contractors in Pune nowadays use many advanced tools and technology to help in the work. Inventions, such as laser levels, automated bricklaying machines, and high-performance mortars that enhance accuracy and productivity, have been developed recently. Brickwork increasingly employs today adoption of sustainable materials and modern practices. 

 

Current State of Brickwork Contracting in Pune

One of the challenges the industry faces is the shortage of skilled labor. To overcome the same, contractors in Pune city scout for laborers through:

  • Labor Agencies: Use of agencies in Pune and other cities, involved in skilled trades people supply.

 

  • Word-of-Mouth: Leverage industry networks and trusted sources for referrals.

 

  • Trade Schools and Apprenticeships: Collaborating with industrial training schools in Pune’s neighboring areas to source new talent.

 

Future Prospects for Pune’s Brickwork Contractors

The demand for skilled brickwork contractors is not stopping in today’s Pune city with newly emerging building and restoration works. The sector is likely to keep moving with new technology and sustainable building techniques at the forefront.

A brickwork contractor represents an important factor in the process of construction and offers specialized knowledge that resurrects familiar craftsmanship with up-to-date techniques. Identifying a skilled contractor comes ultimately down to a detailed consideration of experience, quality of workmanship, and client feedback—a competent party ensures the best possible execution for your project.

Foot2Feet always get the contractors, which are suitable for the projects. It is necessary if they can bring their own point of view to the project. 

Alt Text: Bricklayer laying bricks on a wall

Image Source: istockphoto.com

 

Tools and Equipment Brickwork Contractors Need on the Site

Following are the tools and equipment brickwork contractor need. Brickwork contractors in Pune too use these in their work.

  • Hammer: It is a very essential and versatile tool used in brick masonry. It is used to break bricks in small pieces for customizing the size. It is used for tapping and adjusting the positions of the brick.

 

  • Tape Measure: It is used in maintaining a consistent space between bricks. It helps in the alignment of the brickwork.

 

  • Spirit Level: While the brickwork is going on, Spirit Level becomes a very handy tool. It is used to ensure the alignment. 

 

  • Wheelborrow: It is used to transport bricks, mortar to the site. It is time as well as labor efficient.

 

  • Trowel: In brickwork, it is used in spreading and shaping the mortar. It is used to scrap the excessive mortar and give a smoother finishing.

 

  • Jointer: To give a finished and clean look to the brick joints, Jointer becomes an important tool. 

 

How do Brickwork Contractors Identify Good Quality Bricks?

A good quality brick possess the below mentioned characteristics and these are tested by Pune’s brickwork contractors too.

  • It should have uniform color, fine, and compact texture.
  • The water absorption rate of a brick should not be more than 20% of its own weight.
  • It should not contain any water-soluble salts such as chlorides or sulphate.
  • It should be hard, sound, and well-burnt.
  • It should give a metallic sound when tapped.
  • It should not break if it is dropped over another brick from a meter height.

 

Properties of Bricks Brickwork Contractors Look for:

Following are the properties of good quality bricks. If you see strongly standing buildings in Pune, these are the properties those bricks must be possessing. 

  • Absorption: If a brick has a low absorption rate, it is considered a good quality brick. It means they won’t crack if it comes in contact with water.

 

  • Hardness: Hard bricks have longer life and sustainability. They can resist wear and tear.

 

  • Compressive Strength: Bricks possess compressive strength. This strength plays an important role in load-bearing structure. This strength is tested on UTM (Universal Testing Machine).

 

  • Alkali Resistance: Bricks can fight the effects of alkaline nature of cement or other material. A brick with high alkali resistance won’t degrade or damage if comes in contact with a high alkaline materials.

 

  • Efflorescence: White deposits on the surface of the brick are called efflorescence. This happens due to the presence of soluble salts. This makes the brick weak and decolorizes it.

 

  • Thermal Conductivity: It is the ability to withstand the effects of heat. A low thermal conductivity brick is suitable for insulating purposes. It helps in maintaining a consistent temperature of the interior.

 

Alt Text: A big pile of bricks

Image Source: istockphotos.com

Frequently Asked Questions on Brickwork and Brickwork Contractors. (FAQs)

 

Q: What are the responsibilities of a contractor on site while carrying brickwork?

A: Here are some of the most important responsibilities of a contractor on a brickwork site;

1) Day to day cleaning of a site.

2) Having good quality of tools and tackles for masonry work.

3) Fallen mortar should be collected at the end of the day.

4) Reuse the prior day’s material after proper screening.

5) Use only essential materials and tools. Need to keep extra materials and tools away and secure from the workplace.

6) Keeping the brick work wet 12 hours before the plastering starts.

7) After the brick work is complete, the floor should be cleaned and fallen material should be chipped out.

8) The payment of the contractor is done after the whole site is clean and unwanted material is removed.

Brickwork contractors at Foot2Feet work with at most responsibilities to make your project the way you like. 

 

Q: What are some crucial points contractors in Pune follow and supervise during the brickwork?

A: These are some important aspects Pune’s brickwork contractor check before and during the brickwork.

1) Bricks should be well burnt and have uniform size, shape and color.

2) Quality of bricks as per the mandate of construction.

3) If the bricks are soaked in water for more than two hours before the start of the work.

4) Quality of mortar and its mixing.

5) Quality of sand and cement in mortar.

6) Properly tied scaffolding.

7) The thickness of brickwork joint should not exceed 12mm.

8) The frog must be pointing upwards.

9) The brickwork should not exceed by 1 meter height in a single session.

10) To ensure the brickwork is in plumb.

11) Checking the spirit level.

 

Q: What is difference between a mason and a brickwork contractor?

A: A mason is a person who mixes mortar and lays the brick to build the wall whereas a brickwork contractor employs various masons and laborers for the job. It is not always necessary for the mason to know how to read the plan and blueprint but it is very crucial for the brickwork contractor to have its knowledge and understanding.

 

Q: How can brickwork be maintained and repaired?

A: It needs regular maintenance. It needs to be cleaned; repointed and damaged bricks are replaced. The maintenance and repair needs to be done by consulting a professional brickwork contractor. 

 

Q: How does employing a good brickwork contractor improve the life of my house? 

A: A brickwork contractor with enough experience and good reviews is always better for a strong house. They the ground work to make the building strong. You can rely on Foot2Feet to provide you a good contractor for your future home. 

 

Q: How to identify under-burnt bricks?

A: The half-burnt or under-burnt bricks will weather, if soaked in water for few hours. So soaking bricks in water for becomes essential. 

Q: How to stack bricks on the work-site?

A: This is the responsibility of a brickwork contractor to take the precautions while stacking bricks on the site. These are; 1) They should not be dumped, 2) They should be stacked near the site, 3) They should be stacked on a dry and firm ground.

 

Q: What is a frog in a brick and what is its use?

A: A frog is an indentation found on one of the longer faces of a brick. The general use of a frog is to achieve a good bond between the bricks as the mortar acts as lock between two bricks.

 

Q: What are the frequent problems occur with mortar in brickwork?

A: These are some of the frequent problems occur with mortar in brickwork; 

1) Thick bed, 2) High water content, 3) Wrong mix proportion, 4) Uneven joints, 5) Voids in vertical joints, 6) Excessive thick joints.

 

Q: What is Curing and its time period for a brick wall?

A: Curing is providing water to achieve adequate moisture and temperature. This makes the bond achieve strength by the process of hydration of cement. The period for curing is 7 days. Wet covering is used for better results. It’s a job of a brickwork contractor to supervise curing for a good hydration process of the cement.

 

Q: What are the advantages of using Bricks?

A: 1) Bricks are uniform in shape so it’s easy to use them in masonry. 

2) Unlike any other materials such as stone, brickwork do not require any dressing. So, the time and labor is reduced. 

3) It doesn’t require skill lobor.

4) Bricks are easier to transport.

5)  Bricks are cheaper than stones.

 

Q: What are the disadvantages of using Bricks?

A: 1) Bricks absorb moisture from air and walls becomes damp.

2) Bricks require plastering.

3) Bricks are less durable than stones.

 

Q: What are the different types of mortar used in Brickwork?

A: Types of mortar used are; Cement Mortar, Lime Mortar, Cement-Lime Mortar, Lime-Surkhi Mortar, Mud Mortar.

 

Q: Why bricks are considered a popular building material?

A: Bricks are fire resistant, sturdy and they have compressive strength. That’s why they are a popular building material.

Various Regulations in UDCPR 2020

UDCPR 2020 Chapter 2 is all about Development Permission and Commencement Certificate as per mentioned in the UDCPR 

 

This is Applicable to all Planning Authorities and Regional Plan Areas except the Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, Other Planning Authorities/Special Planning Authorities/ Development Authorities within the limits of the Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, MIDC, NAINA, Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust, Hill Station Municipal Councils, Eco-sensitive/Eco-fragile region notified by MoEF & CC, and Lonavala Municipal Council in Maharashtra.

 

Rule No. 2.9 Completion Certificate

 

The owner through his Architect/licensed engineer/town planner/supervisor, as the case may be, who has supervised the construction, shall furnish a building completion certificate to the Authority in the form in Appendix - G. This certificate shall be accompanied by three sets of plans of the completed development, the certificate about the operation of the lift from consultant and certificate of structural stability, wherever necessary.

 

In case of special buildings, the Completion Certificate shall also be accompanied with the NOC from the Chief Fire Officer of the respective Authority or Director of Fire services, as the case may be.

 

Rule No. 2.10 Occupancy Certificate

 

The Authority after inspection of the work and after satisfying himself that there is no deviation from the sanctioned plans as mentioned in Regulation No.2.8.5, issues an occupancy certificate in the form in Appendix – H or refuses to sanction the occupancy certificate in Appendix - I within 21 days from the date of receipt of the said completion certificate, failing which the work shall be deemed to have been approved for occupation, provided the construction conforms to the sanctioned plans. One set of plans, certified by the Authority, shall be returned to the owner along with the occupancy certificate. Where the occupancy certificate is refused or rejected, the reasons for refusal or rejection shall be given in intimation of the rejection or the refusal The applicant may request for Deemed Occupancy Certificate, if eligible, as above. The Authority shall issue the Deemed Occupancy Certificate within 15 (fifteen) days of the application.

 

Rule No. 2.11 Part Occupancy Certificate

 

When requested by the holder of the development permission, the Authority may issue a part occupancy certificate for a building, or part thereof, before completion of the entire work as per development permission, provided sufficient precautionary measures are taken by the holder of the development permission to ensure public safety and health of the occupants and users of the said portion of the building. The part occupancy certificate shall be subject to the owners indemnifying the Authority in the form in Appendix 'J'.

 

Rule No. 2.12 Inspection

 

The Authority shall have the power to carry out inspection of the work under the provisions of the Act, at various stages to ascertain whether the work is proceeding as per the provisions of regulations and sanctioned plan.

 

Rule No. 2.13 Unsafe Buildings

 

All unsafe buildings shall be considered to constitute a danger to public safety and hygiene and sanitation and shall be restored by repairs or demolished or dealt with as otherwise directed by the Authority. The relevant provisions of the regulations/Act shall apply for the procedure of actions to be taken by the Authority for unsafe buildings.

 

Rule No. 2.14 Offences and Penalties

 

i)  Any person who contravenes any of the provisions of these regulations, any requirements

or obligations imposed on him by virtue of the Act or these regulations, shall :-

 

(a) Be guilty of an offence and upon conviction, shall be punished as stipulated in Section 52 of the Act.

 

(b) Be subject to further suitable actions including demolition of unauthorized works, as stipulated under Sections 53 and 54 of the Act.

 

(c) Where such person is a Licensed Engineer/Structural Engineer/Town Planner/Supervisor, be subject to suitable action against him which may include cancellation of license and debarring him from further practice/business for a period as may be decided by the Authority. Thereupon such Licensed Engineer/Structural Engineer/Town Planner/Supervisor shall be considered debarred for the respective district.

 

(d) Where such person is a registered Architect, be subject to action of the Council of Architecture as per the provisions of the Architects Act, 1972 based on the report of the Authority and debarring him from further practice/ business for a period as may be decided by the Authority.

 

ii) Any person who neglects any requirements or obligations imposed on him including the maintenance of fire protection services, appliances and lifts in working order or who interferes with or obstructs any person in the discharge of his duties shall be guilty of an offence as specified in Section 36 of the Maharashtra Fire Prevention and Life Safety Measures Act, 2006 and, upon conviction, shall be subject to penalties and other consequences spelt out in said Act.

 

Related Regulations to Rule No. 2- 

 

You can visit our other blog on Regulation 2 through the below-mentioned links:

 

Commencement of Work in UDCPR 2020

 

Grant or Refusal of Permission in UDCPR 2020

 

Procedure During Construction in UDCPR 2020

 

Discretionary Powers and Relaxations In Specific Cases in UDCPR 2020

 

Discretionary Powers Interpretation in UDCPR 2020

 

Procedure for Obtaining Development Permission, Building Permission, Commencement Certificate in UDCPR 2020

 

Permission from the Planning Authority is Mandatory in UDCPR 2020

 

Uses Permissible in Various Zones UDCPR 2020

Any city in India is divided into various land use zones: Residential, Commercial, Agricultural, Industrial, etc. So, there is a restriction on the use of land under any zone. For example, You cannot build a Commercial building in an Agricultural Zone, or You cannot build hazardous or high-end Industries in a Residential Zone.

 

So here are some of the additional uses permissible in the Development Plan Reservations as per UDCPR 2020 (UNIFIED DEVELOPMENT CONTROL AND PROMOTION REGULATIONS FOR MAHARASHTRA STATE).

 

This is applicable to all Planning Authorities and Regional Plan Areas except Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, Other Planning Authorities / Special Planning Authorities / Development Authorities within the limit of Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, MIDC, NAINA, Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust, Hill Station Municipal Councils, Eco-sensitive / Eco-fragile region notified by MoEF & CC and Lonavala Municipal Council, in Maharashtra.

 

UDCPR 2020 Chapter 4  is all about Land Use Classification and Permissible Uses.

 

This is Applicable to all Planning Authorities and Regional Plan Areas except Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, Other Planning Authorities/Special Planning Authorities/ Development Authorities within the limit of Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, MIDC, NAINA, Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust, Hill Station Municipal Councils, Eco-sensitive/Eco-fragile region notified by MoEF & CC and Lonavala Municipal Council, in Maharashtra

 

Rule No. 4.5 LOW-DENSITY RESIDENTIAL ZONE

 

In this zone, all uses permissible in the Residential Zone shall be permitted subject to FSI restrictions mentioned in these regulations. (Chapter 10)

 

Rule No. 4.6 FUTURE URBANIZABLE ZONE

 

In this zone, all uses permissible in the Residential Zone shall be permitted subject to fulfillment of the following requirements.

 

i)  For extending offsite infrastructure like roads, water supply, sewage line, and electricity, to the land, the expenses shall be borne by the owner and shall be deposited with the Authority as per the expenses communicated by it. However, the owner shall have the liberty to construct such infrastructure at his own cost, as per the drawing, design, and specification approved by the Authority.

 

ii)  If the land is located on a Development Plan road of width more than 18.0 m., then the construction of a road of width 18.0 m. to his land, shall be the liability of the owner, else 12.0 m. wide road with asphalting shall be necessary.

 

Rule No. 4.9 Loom Industry cum Residential Zone

 

The following uses shall be permissible :-

 

i)  Uses permissible in R - 1, R - 2 Zone according to road width.

 

ii)  Power loom.

 

iii)  Power looms cum residential to any extent.

 

User (i) above shall be as per conditions of R - 1 and R - 2 zone. However, (ii) and (iii) shall be permissible with the following conditions.

 

a)  Power loom use shall be restricted up to a maximum permissible floor area of 250 sq.m. with a maximum of 20 H.P. and 20 laborers.

 

b)  Total FSI permissible shall be as that of a residential zone.

 

c)  Adequate safety measures shall be taken to reduce noise and air pollution etc. by providing a vibration absorbing platform and dust settler.

 

d)  Working hours for looms shall be 8 am to 8 pm.

 

Rule No. 4.13 TRAFFIC AND TRANSPORTATION ZONE

i) All uses / activities related to surface, water, and air traffic and transportation including Parking, and ancillary uses shall be permissible.

 

ii) Separable lands of Railways shall be allowed to be developed for uses permissible in the Commercial Zone.

 

Rule No. 4.14 REGIONAL PARK ZONE

The following uses shall be permissible :-

 

i)  All uses permissible in Green Belt Zone, Hill Top Hill Slope Zone and Afforestation Zone.

 

ii)  Uses at Regulation No.4.11 (iv, v, vi, viii, ix, x, xiii, xix, xx, xxii, xxv, xxviii, xxix, xxxvi, xxxix, xxxxii) permissible in Agriculture Zone.

 

iii)  Uses at Regulation No.4.11 (xv, xxxiii, xxxiv) permissible in Agriculture Zone with maximum FSI of 0.20 without premium and additional 0.30 i.e. up to 0.50 with payment of premium @ 20% of the land rate in ASR.

 

iv)  Gaothan expansion as specified in Regulation No.5.1.1 subject to 200 m. from the gaothan limit.

 

Rule No. 4.15 TOURISM DEVELOPMENT ZONE

The following uses shall be permissible :-

 

i) All uses permissible in the Agricultural Zone (except uses at Sr.No.xviii and xxxi of Regulation No.4.11).

 

ii) Gaothan expansion as specified in Regulation No.5.1.1.
 

Rule No. 4.16 AFFORESTATION ZONE

The following uses shall be permissible :-

 

i)  All uses are permissible in the Hill Top and Hill Slope Zone.

 

ii)  Forest houses, meant for forest tourists/servants/technicians/owners and for storing of fertilize, etc., may be permitted subject to the following :-

 

It shall have a built-up area not exceeding 150 sq.m., provided that, the forest plot area is not less than 0.4 hectares. Structures to be erected for these purposes should be of ground + 1 floor only and should not have a height more than 7.0 m. and should be of such material as would blend with the surroundings. The owner shall plant trees at the rate of 250 trees per hectare and shall maintain it properly.

 

Provided that, the layout of the forest houses may be permitted for areas more than 0.4 hectares.

 

iii) Uses mentioned in Regulation No.4.11 (iv, v, vi, xiii, xxviii, xxix) permissible in the Agriculture Zone.

 

iv) Uses mentioned in Regulation No.4.11 (2) (xv, xvi, xxxiii, xxxiv) permissible in Agriculture Zone with FSI of (1) 0.2, 0.2, 0.1, 0.15 respectively.

 

v) Development permissible adjacent to Gaothan as specified in Regulation No.5.1.1 subject to a maximum 200 m. periphery from gaothan limit.

 

vi) The above uses shall not be permitted on a hill slope steeper than 1:5, and such area shall not be considered for FSI.

 

Rule No. 4.17 HILL TOP - HILL SLOPE ZONE/HILLY AREA 

Kept in abeyance.

 

Rule No. 4.18 GREEN ZONE - 2

The following users shall be permissible in this zone.

 

i)  All uses are permissible in the Hill Top - Hill Slope Zone.

 

ii)  Gaothan expansion as specified in Regulation 5.1.1.

 

iii)  Primary and Nursery Schools, including student hostels.

 

iv)  Uses at Regulation No.4.11 (vi, ix, xiii, xx, xxii, xxv, xxviii) with maximum FSI of 0.20.

 

Rule No. 4.19 FOREST ZONE

The developments as may be required by the Ministry of Forest or its Authorities shall only be permissible on the lands owned and possessed by the Ministry / Department of Forest or its Authorities.

 

Rule No. 4.20 DEFENCE ZONE

i) The developments as may be required by the Ministry of Defence or its Authorities shall

only be permissible on the lands owned and possessed by the Ministry of Defence or its

Authorities.

 

ii) Restrictive Zone –

 

No development in contravention with the notification shall be permissible in the area affected by the notification under the Works of Defence Act - 1903, whether earmarked as such on the Development Plan/Regional Plan or not, or development shall be permissible with the No Objection Certificate from the concerned Defence Authority.

 

Provided that, it shall be permissible to treat the area under such restrictive zone as the marginal distance at the time of construction of any building proposed on the contiguous unaffected area.

 

Provided further that, it shall be permissible to utilize the FSI and also the receiving potential of the land under this zone, on the remaining contiguous unaffected land of the same land owner.

 

Rule No. 4.21 MINES AND QUARRY ZONE

In this zone, quarry, mining, stone crushing, or similar operations shall be permissible subject to provisions of Regulation No.15.1. In addition to this, the following uses shall be permissible.

 

Stone quarrying, soil excavation, stone crushing or other similar activities, mining activity, bricks kilns, caretaker's quarters or residential quarters for essential staff up to maximum built-up area of 20 sq.m. ancillary buildings like site offices, cafeteria with full built-up area up to 250 sq.m.

 

The existing uses within these zones, such as brick kilns, fly ash bricks, cremation ground, etc., shall be continued for the respective purposes. The mining and quarry operation shall not be permitted within the restrictive area as per their prevailing regulations. The development after the closing of existing mining areas/quarries shall be as per the closing policies of the respective department. However, the private lands that are included in the Mines and Quarry Zone shall deem to be included in the adjacent zone, and the Authority shall grant development permission accordingly.

 

Rule No. 4.22 PUBLIC UTILITY ZONE

The following users shall be permissible in this zone.

 

The water treatment plant, water reservoirs, pumping station, water storage tank, sewage / influent treatment plant, wastewater recycling plant, electric substation, cemeteries, burial ground, and cremation grounds, slaughter house, solid waste landfill/management site, fire station, post, telegram and communication office, telephone exchange, cattle pond, dairy farm, public urinals including all public utilities.

 

Rule No. 4.23 WOODLAND CORRIDOR

Following uses shall be permissible in this zone.

 

i) Garden, Nurseries, Horticulture, and Arboriculture.

 

Rule No. 4.24  SPECIAL ECONOMIC ZONE

Following uses shall be permissible in this zone.

 

i) Residential, Educational, Institutional, Assembly, Business, Mercantile, Industrial, Storage, Information Technology, Recreational.

 

ii) Any other land use as may be made permissible by the Government of India within SEZ.

 

Rule No. 4.25 AIRPORT AND ALLIED ACTIVITIES / SERVICE ZONE 

The following uses shall be permissible in this zone.


i) Airport and allied activities and services incidental thereto.
 

Rule No. 4.26 ADDITIONAL USES

The lists of uses mentioned under various land use zones herein above may be amended by the Authority from time to time with the consent of the Director of Town Planning, Maharashtra State, Pune.

 

 

Related Regulations to Rule No. 4- 

 

You can visit our other blogs on regulations through the below-mentioned links:

 

Uses Permissible in Development Plan Reservations in UDCPR 2020

 

Uses Permissible in Green Belt Zone and River Protection Belt in UDCPR 2020

 

Uses Permissible in Agricultural Zone in UDCPR 2020

 

Uses Permissible in Public and Semi Public Zone in UDCPR 2020

 

Uses Permissible in Industrial Zone in UDCPR 2020

 

Uses Permissible in Commercial Zone in UDCPR 2020

 

What are the Types of Zones in UDCPR 2020

 

Uses Permissible in Residential Zones R2 in UDCPR 2020

 

Uses Permissible in Residential Zones R1 in UDCPR 2020

 

Parking Spaces in UDCPR 2020

UDCPR 2020 Chapter 8 is all about the Parking, Loading, and Unloading Spaces as per mentioned in the UDCPR 

 

This is Applicable to all Planning Authorities and Regional Plan Areas except Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, Other Planning Authorities/Special Planning Authorities/ Development Authorities within the limit of Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, MIDC, NAINA, Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust, Hill Station Municipal Councils, Eco-sensitive/Eco-fragile region notified by MoEF & CC and Lonavala Municipal Council, in Maharashtra.

 

Rule No. 8.1 Parking Spaces

 

Wherever a property is to be developed or redeveloped, parking spaces at the scale laid down in these Regulations shall be provided. A parking plan showing the parking spaces along with manoeuvring spaces/aisles shall be submitted as a part of the building plan. When additions are made to an existing building, the new parking requirements will be reckoned with reference to the additional space only and not to the whole of a building but this concession shall not apply where the use is changed. The provisions for parking of vehicles for different occupancies shall be as given in Table No.8-A.

 

8.1.1 General Space Requirements 

 

i) Location of Parking Spaces

 

The parking spaces include parking spaces in basements or on a floor supported by stilts, podiums or on upper floors, covered or uncovered spaces or in separate buildings in the plot and/or lock-up garages. The height of the stilt shall not be less than 2.4 m. from the bottom of the beam. In the case of stack parking, a height of up to 4.5 m. may be allowed.

 

ii) Size of Parking Space

 

The minimum sizes of parking spaces to be provided shall be as shown below in Table No.8-A

 

Table No.8-A - Parking Space Requirement

Sr.No.Type of VehicleMinimum size/area of parking space
1Motor Vehicle2.5 m. x 5.0 m.
2Scooter, Motor Cycle1.0 m. x 2.0 m.
3Transport Vehicle/ Ambulance/Mini Bus3.75 m. x 7.5 m.

 

Note :

 

(a) In the case of parking spaces for motor vehicles, up to 50 per cent of the prescribed space may be of the size of 2.3 m.x4.5 m.

 

(b) Minimum size of parking space in mechanized / puzzle parking system shall be 2.3 m. x 5.8 m. for big cars and 2.1 m. x 5.0 m. for small cars.

 

iii) Marking of Parking Spaces

 

Parking space shall be paved and clearly marked for different types of vehicles.

 

iv) Manoeuvring and Other Ancillary Spaces

 

Off-street parking space must have adequate vehicular access to a street and the area shall be exclusive of drives, aisles and such other provisions required for adequate manoeuvring of vehicles. The width of drive for motor vehicles and scooters, and motorcycles shall be a minimum of 3.00 m. and 2.00 m. respectively.

 

v) Composite parking

 

The composite parking of vehicles like one car with two scooters may be allowed. Also, six scooters parking may be allowed to be converted into one car parking. In such cases, drives or aisles shall be required, taking into consideration entire composite parking.

 

vi) Bus bay for schools/multiplex/malls/assembly buildings/group housing

 

For these occupancies, being a special building, a bus bay of the required size shall be provided within the premise or along the main road on which the plot abuts. This shall be applicable for housing schemes having more than 500 flats.

 

vii) Ramps for Basement Parking

 

Ramps for parking in the basement should conform to the requirement of Regulation No.9.12

 

viii) Other Parking Requirements

 

a) To meet the parking requirements as per these regulations, a common parking area for a group of buildings, open or multi-storeyed, may be allowed on the same premises.

 

b) In addition to the parking spaces provided for the building of Mercantile (Commercial) like office, market, departmental store, shopping mall and building of industrial and storage, loading and unloading spaces shall be provided at the rate of one space for each 1000 sq.m. of floor carpet area or fraction thereof exceeding the first 200 sq.m. of floor area, shall be provided. The space shall not be less than 3.75 m. x 7.5 m. subject to a maximum requirement of 4 such parking spaces for office buildings and 6 parking spaces for other buildings. However, in the case of the office building, such parking spaces shall not exceed more than 4.

 

c) Parking lock-up garages shall be included in the F.S.I. calculations.

 

d) The space to be left out for parking as given in this regulation shall be in addition to the marginal open spaces left out for lighting and ventilation purposes as given in these regulations. These spaces may be used for parking provided a minimum distance of 3.0 m. (6.0 m. in case of special building mentioned in Regulation No.2.2.8) around the buildings is kept free of any parking or loading and unloading spaces, except the building as mentioned in Clause (c) above. Such a parking area adjoining the plot boundary may be allowed to be covered on top by sheet roofing, so as not to infringe the marginal distance to be kept open as specified above. Further, such sheet roofing shall not include the area adjoining the plot boundary to be used for tree plantation as mentioned in Regulation No.3.4.1(iii), if any.

 

e) In case of parking spaces provided in basements, at least two separate ramps of adequate width and slope for entry and exit shall be provided preferably at opposite ends. One ramp may be provided as specified in Regulation No.9.12.

 

f) Mechanical/Hydraulic/Stack parking/Parking tower may be permitted at 1.5 m. in side and rear margin under the following circumstances -

 

1. Minimum 6.0 m. The driveway shall be kept clear from all kinds of obstructions for easy manoeuvrability of fire and rescue appliances like ambulances. For buildings defined as high-rise buildings and special buildings in these regulations, 9.0 m. turning circle around the building shall be maintained.

 

2. For Non-Special buildings as defined in these regulations, such distance shall not be less than 3.0 m.

 

3. Such mechanical/hydraulic/parking towers may be permitted to touch the building on the dead wall side. Provided that the dead wall must be a 2-hour fire-rated wall.

 

4. The fire protection arrangement as per storage building will be made applicable to such parking towers as per Table - 7 of Part - 4 of NBC - 2016.

 

 

Related Regulations to Rule No. 8

 

Off Street Parking Requirement in UDCPR 2020

 

Installation of Solar Assisted Water Heating (SWH) System, Roof Top Photovoltaic (RTPV) System in UDCPR 2020

UDCPR 2020 Chapter 13 is all about the Special Provisions for Certain Buildings as per mentioned in the UDCPR 

 

This is Applicable to all Planning Authorities and Regional Plan Areas except Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, Other Planning Authorities/Special Planning Authorities/ Development Authorities within the limit of Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, MIDC, NAINA, Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust, Hill Station Municipal Councils, Eco-sensitive/Eco-fragile region notified by MoEF & CC and Lonavala Municipal Council, in Maharashtra.


Rule No. 13.2 Installation of Solar Assisted Water Heating (SWH) System/Roof Top Photovoltaic (RTPV) System

 

SWH or RTPV systems shall be mandatory in all types of buildings to be constructed on a plot area of more than 4000 sq.m.

 

In order to facilitate the installation of the SWH/RTPV System, the new buildings shall have the following provisions :-

 

i) All such buildings where SWH/RTPV are to be installed will have open sunny roof areas available for the installation of SWH/RTPV.

 

ii) The roof loading adopted in the design of such a building should be at least 50 kg. Per sq.m. for the installation of SWH / RTPV.

 

iii) At least 25% of the roof area shall be utilized for installation of the SWH/RTPV system.

 

iv) Precaution should be taken that architectural elevation treatment should not cast a shadow on terrace space. As far as possible, the parapet of the south, east and west sides of the terrace shall be of railing type (above 1 foot) such that it will not cast a shadow on the solar collectors and maximum terrace space can be utilized.

 

v) All such new buildings installed with SWH shall have an installed hot water line from the rooftop and insulated distribution pipelines to each of the points where hot water is required in the building.

 

Related Regulations

 

You can visit our other blogs related to Regulations 13 through the below-mentioned links:

 

Grey Water Recycling And Reuse in UDCPR 2020

 

Rain Water Harvesting in UDCPR 2020

 

Provisions for Barrier-Free Access in UDCPR 2020

 

Solid Waste Management in UDCPR 2020

 

Provision of Lift as Requirements of Part of Building in UDCPR 2020

UDCPR 2020 Chapter 9 is all about the Requirements of Part of the Building as per mentioned in the UDCPR 

 

This is Applicable to all Planning Authorities and Regional Plan Areas except Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, Other Planning Authorities/Special Planning Authorities/ Development Authorities within the limit of Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, MIDC, NAINA, Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust, Hill Station Municipal Councils, Eco-sensitive/Eco-fragile region notified by MoEF & CC and Lonavala Municipal Council, in Maharashtra.

 

Rule No. 9.27 Provision of Lift 

 

9.27.1  Planning and Design


At least one lift shall be provided in every building that is more than 15 m in height. In the case of buildings more than 24 m. height, at least two lifts shall be provided. However, in the case of a proposal to add one additional floor to an existing building with a lift, it will not be necessary to raise the existing lift to the additional floor.


For buildings or floors of the building to be constructed for Retirement Homes or Senior Citizen Housing, a lift shall be provided irrespective of the height of the building.


The planning and design of lifts including their number, type, and capacity depending on the occupancy of the building, the population of each floor based on the occupant load and the building height shall be in accordance with Section-5 - Installation of Lift & Escalators of Part VIII - Building Services of National Building Code of India.

 

All the floors shall be accessible for 24 hours by the lifts. The lifts provided in the buildings shall not be considered as a means of escape in case of emergency. Grounding switch at ground floor level to enable the fire service to ground the lift cars in an emergency shall also be provided.

 

The lift machine rooms shall be separate and no other machinery shall be installed therein.

 

9.27.2  Fire Lift

 

Fire lift shall be provided as mentioned in Regulation No.9.29.8.

 

Rule No. 9.28 Exit Requirements

 

9.28.1  The following General requirements shall apply to exits

 

a) In every building or structure, exits shall comply with the minimum requirements of this part, except those not accessible for general public use.

 

b) Every exit, exit access or exit discharge shall be continuously maintained free of all obstructions or impediments to full use in the case of fire or other emergency.

 

c) Every building meant for human occupancy shall be provided with exits sufficient to permit safe escape of occupants, in case of fire or other emergency.

 

d) No building shall be so altered as to reduce the number, width, or protection of exits to less than that required.

 

e) Exits shall be clearly visible and the route to reach the exits shall be clearly marked and signs posted to guide the occupants of the floor concerned.

 

f) All exits shall provide continuous means of egress to the exterior of a building or to an exterior open space leading to a street and,

 

g) Exits shall be so arranged that they may be reached without passing through another occupied unit.

 

9.28.2  Type of Exits

 

An exit may be a doorway, a corridor, a passage, or a way to an internal staircase or external staircase, a ramp, or to a verandah and/or terraces that have eaves to the street or to the roof of a building. An exit may also include a horizontal exit leading to an adjoining building at the same level. Lifts and escalators shall not be considered as exits.

 

9.28.3  Number and Size of Exits

 

The requisite number and size of various exits shall be provided, based on the number of occupants in each room and floor based on the occupant load, capacity of exits; travel distance, and height of the building as per provisions of Regulation No.9.28.4 to Regulation No.9.28.8.

 

9.28.4  Arrangement of Exits

 

Exits shall be so located that the travel distance on the floor shall not exceed as given below :-

Table No.9-D

Type of BuildingTravel Distance
Residential, Educational, institutional, and Hazardous occupancies22.5 m.
Assembly, business, mercantile, Industrial, and Storage Occupancies30.0 m.

 

Whenever more than one exit is required for a floor of a building, exits shall be placed at remote from each other as possible. All the exits shall be accessible from the entire floor area at all floor levels.

 

Note – For the buildings where a sprinkler system has been provided in the entire building for fire fighting, the travel distance may be increased by 50% of the value specified in the above table.

 

9.28.5  Occupant Load

 

For determining the exits required, the number of persons within any floor area or the occupant load shall be based on the actual number of occupants, but in no case less than that specified in Table No.9-E below :-

 

Table No.9-E

Sr. NoGroup of OccupancyOccupant Load Floor Area in sq.m. per person
(1)(2)(3)
1Residential12.5
2Educational4.0
3Institutional15 (See Note i)
4Assembly 
a) With fixed or loose seats and dance floors0.6 (See Note ii)
b) Without seating facilities including dining rooms.5 (See Note ii)
5Mercantile 
a) Street floor & Sales basement3
b) Upper sale floors6
6Business and Industrial10
7Storage30
8Hazardous10

 

Note :

 

i) Occupant load in dormitory portions of homes for the aged, orphanages, insane, asylums etc. where sleeping accommodation is provided, shall be calculated at not less than 7.5 Sq.m. gross floor area per person.

 

ii) The gross floor area shall include, in addition to the main assembly rooms or space, any occupied connecting room or space in the same storey or in the storeys above or below where the entrance is common to such rooms and spaces and they are available for use by the occupants of the assembly place. No deductions shall be made in the area for corridors, closets or other subdivisions, that area shall include all space serving the particular assembly occupancy.

 

9.28.6 Capacity of Exits

 

1) The unit of exit width used to measure the capacity of any exit should be 50 cm. A clear width of 25 cm. should be counted as an additional half unit. Clear width less than 25 cm. should not be computed for exit width.

 

2) Occupants per unit exit width shall be in accordance with Table No. 9-F

 

Table No. 9-F

Sr.No.Group of OccupancyNumber of Occupants
StairwaysRampsDoors
(1)(2)(3)(4)(5)
1Residential255075
2Educational255075
3Institutional255075
4Assembly405060
5Business506075
6Mercantile506075
7Industrial506075
8Storage506075
9Hazardous253040

 

9.28.7 Provision for Staircase

 

All buildings having a height more than the ground floor shall have the provision of one staircase. The special buildings specified in Regulations No.1.3(93)(xiv) shall have two staircases out of which one shall be a fire escape staircase.

 

They shall be of enclosed type. At least one of them shall be on the external walls of buildings and shall open directly to the exterior, interior open space or to an open place of safety. Further, the provision or otherwise of alternative staircases shall be subject to the requirements of travel distance being complied with.

 

A staircase shall not be provided around the lift shaft unless provided with a fire stop door of 1-hour rating at every floor level and no other openings in the inside wall as illustrated below.

 

 

9.28.8 Width of staircase

 

The minimum width of staircases/corridors for various buildings shall be as below.

 

Table No.9-G - Minimum width of staircase

S. NoUse of BuildingMinimum width of staircase (in m.)
1Residential Buildings 
a) Individual Housing up to G + 2 storeys0.75
b) Multi-storied Residential Building upto 15 m. height1.00
c) Multi-storied Residential Building above 15 m. & upto 24 m. height1.20
d) Multi-storied Residential Building above 24 m.height1.50
2Residential Hotel Buildings1.50
3Assembly buildings like auditoriums, theatres, cinemas, multiplexes, Mangal Karyalaya, marriage halls, etc.2.00
4Institutional & Educational Buildings2.00
5All other buildings excluding Sr. No. (1) to (4) above like1.50

 

Note - Internal staircase for duplex tenements shall be of minimum width 0.75 m. and for mezzanine floor shall be of minimum width 0.90 m.

 

Rule No. 9.29 Other Requirements of Individual Exit at Each Floor

 

The detailed requirements in respect of exits shall be as provided in Regulations No.9.29.1

to 9.29.8 given below.

 

9.29.1  Doorways

 

i) Every exit doorway shall open into an enclosed stairway or a horizontal exit, or a corridor or passageway providing continuous and protected means of egress:

 

ii) No exit doorway shall be less than 90 cm. in width except in assembly buildings where door width shall be not less than 200 cm. The doorway shall be not less than 200 cm. in height. Doorways for the bathrooms, water closets or stores shall be not less than 75 cm. wide.

 

iii) Exit doorways shall open outwards, that is away from the room but shall not obstruct the travel along any exit. No door, when opened shall reduce the required width of stairways or landing to less than 90 cm. Overheads or sliding doors shall not be installed.

 

iv) Exit door shall not open immediately upon a flight of stairs. A landing equal to at least the width of the door shall be provided in the stairway at each doorway. The level of landing shall be the same as that of the floor which it serves.

 

v) Exit doorway shall be openable from the side which they serve without the use of a key.

 

vi) Mirrors shall not be placed in exitways or exit doors to avoid confusion regarding the direction of exit.

 

9.29.2  Revolving doors

 

Revolving doors shall not be used as required exits except in residential business and mercantile occupancies but they shall not constitute more than half the total required door width.

 

9.29.3 Stairways

 

i) The interior staircase shall be constructed of non-combustible materials throughout.

 

ii) The interior staircase shall be constructed as a self-contained unit with at least one side to the extent of the required opening adjacent to an external wall and shall be completely enclosed.

 

iii) Hollow combustible construction shall not be permitted.

 

iv) The minimum width of the tread without nosing shall be 25 cm. for an internal staircase for residential buildings. In the case of other buildings, the minimum tread shall be 30 cm. The treads shall be constructed and maintained in a manner to prevent slipping.

 

v) The maximum height of the riser shall be 19 cm. in the case of residential buildings and 15 cm. in the case of other buildings. They shall be limited to 15 per flight.

 

vi) Handrails shall be provided with a minimum height of 100 cm. from the centre of the tread to the top of the handrails. Balusters/railing shall be provided such that the width of the staircase does not reduce.

 

vii) Floor indicator - The number of each floor shall be conspicuously painted in figures at least 15 cm. large on the wall facing the flights of a stairway or at such suitable place as is distinctly visible from the flights.

 

viii) The minimum headroom in a passage under the landing of a staircase shall be 2.2 m.

 

ix) For special buildings, access to the main staircase shall be gained through at least half an hour fire fire-resisting automatic closing doors placed in the enclosing wall of the staircase. It shall be a swing-type door opening in the direction of the escape.

 

x) No living space, store or other space including fire risk shall open directly into the staircase.

 

xi) External exit door of the staircase enclosure at ground level shall open directly to the open spaces or should be reached without passing through any door other than a door provided to form a draught lobby.

 

xii) In the case of assembly, institutional or residential occupancies or hotels or industrial and hazardous occupancies, the exit sign with an arrow indicating the way to the escape route shall be provided at a height of 0.5 m. from the floor level on the wall and shall be illuminated by electric light connected to corridor circuits. All exit way marking signs should be flushed with the wall and so designed that no mechanical damage shall occur to them due to the moving of furniture or other heavy equipment. Further, all landings of the floor shall have floor-indicating boards prominently indicating the number of floors. The floor indication board shall be placed on the wall immediately facing the flight of stairs and nearest to the landing. It shall be of the size not less than 0.5 m. x 0.5 m.

 

xiii)  In case of a single staircase, it shall terminate at the ground floor level and the access to the basement shall be by a separate staircase. Whenever the building is served by more than one staircase one of the staircases may lead to the basement level provided the same is separated at ground level by either a ventilated lobby or a cut-off screen wall without opening, having a fire resistance of not less than 2 hours with discharge point at two different ends or through enclosures. It shall also be cut off from the basement areas at various basement levels by a protected and ventilated lobby or lobbies.

 

9.29.4  Fire escape or external stairs

 

A fire escape or external stair shall be provided as provided in Regulation No.9.28.7. External stairs, when provided, shall comply with the following :

 

i) External stairs shall always be kept in sound operable conditions.

 

ii) All external stairs shall be directly connected to the ground.

 

iii) Entrance to the external stairs shall be separate and remote from the internal staircase.

 

iv) Care shall be taken to ensure that no wall opening or window opens on to or close to external stairs.

 

v) The route to the external stairs shall be free of obstructions at all times.

 

vi) The external stairs shall be constructed of non-combustible materials, and any doorway leading to it shall have the required fire resistance.

 

vii) No external staircase, used as a fire escape, shall be inclined at an angle greater than 45 degrees from the horizontal.

 

viii) External stairs shall have straight flight not less than 1250 mm. wide with 250 mm. treads and risers not more than 190 mm. The number of risers shall be limited to 15 per flight.

 

ix) Handrails shall be of a height not less than 1000 mm. and not exceeding 1200 mm. There shall be provisions of balusters with a maximum gap of 150 mm.

 

x) The use of spiral staircases shall be limited to low occupant load and to a building not exceeding 9 m. in height. A spiral staircase shall be not less than 1500 mm. in diameter and shall be designed to give adequate headroom.

 

xi) An Unprotected steel frame staircase will not be accepted as a means of escape. However, a steel staircase in an enclosed fire-rated compartment of 2 h will be accepted as a means of escape.

 

xii) The fire escape staircase shall be connected to other staircases through the common passage on every floor.

 

9.29.5  Corridors and passageways

 

i) The minimum width of a corridor shall not be less than 75 cm. in the case of 2 storeys row housing residential buildings and 100 cm. in the case of other buildings and the actual width shall be calculated based on the provision of Regulations No.9.28.3 to 9.28.8 (both inclusive)

 

ii) Where there is more than one staircase serving a building, there shall be at least one smoke-stop door in the space between the staircases.

 

iii) Exit corridors & passageways shall be of a width not less than the aggregate required width of exit doorways leading from them in the direction of travel of the exterior/stairways.

 

iv) Where stairways discharge through corridors & passageways the height of the corridors & passageways shall not be less than 2.4 m.

 

v) All means of exit including staircases, lifts, lobbies & corridors shall be adequately ventilated.

 

9.29.6  Refuge Area

 

For buildings more than 24 m. in height, a refuge area of 15 sq.m. or an area equivalent to 0.3 sq.m. per person to accommodate the occupants of two consecutive floors, whichever is higher, shall be provided as under :

 

The refuge area shall be provided on the periphery of the floor or preferably on a cantilever projection and open to air at least on one side protected with suitable railings.

 

a) For floors above 24.0 m. and up to 39.0 m. height - One refuge area on the floor immediately above 24.0 m.

 

b) For floors above 39.0 m height - One refuge area on the floor immediately above 39.0 m. and so on after every 15.0 m.

 

9.29.7  Lifts and Escalators

 

i) Lifts :- Provision of lift shall be made as mentioned in Regulation No.9.27.

 

ii) Escalators :- Escalators may be permitted in addition to required lifts. Such escalators may also be permitted in the atrium area of the buildings.

 

9.29.8  Fire lift

 

Where applicable, fire lifts shall be provided with a minimum capacity for 8 passengers and fully automated with an emergency switch on ground level. In general, buildings 15.0 m. in height or above shall be provided with fire lifts. In case of fire, only the fireman shall operate the fire lift. In normal course, it may be used by other persons. Each fire lift shall be equipped with suitable inter-communication equipment for communicating with the control room on the ground floor of the building. The number and location of fire lifts in a building shall be decided after taking into consideration various factors like building population, floor area, compartmentation, etc.

 

9.29.9  Fire Escape Chutes/controlled Lowering Device for evacuation

 

i) a) High-rise buildings having a height of more than 70 m. shall necessarily be provided with fire escape chute shaft/s for every wing adjacent to the staircase.

 

b) Walls of the shaft shall have 4 hours of fire resistance.


c) One side of the shaft shall be at the external face of the building with proper ventilation.


d) The dimension of the shaft shall not be less than 2.5 m. x 1.5 m.


e) The access to the fire escape chute's shaft shall be made at every floor level from the lobby area or from the staircase mid-landing with a self-closing door having fire resistance of at least

one hour.


f) The fire chute shall be of staggered type with landing of each section at the vertical height

of not more than 21.0 m.

Alternatively,

 

ii) High-rise buildings having a height of more than 70.0 m., shall be provided with a fire tower at the landing/mid-landing level with a smoke check lobby with a fireman lift being an integral part of the fire escape staircase or fire evacuation lift (Hydro pneumatic/electrically operated) on the external face of the building having opening within the fire escape staircase at landing/mid-landing level with smoke check lobby as approved by Chief Fire Officer shall be provided.

 

Note - Both the smoke check lobby and with evacuation lift shall have a positive level difference of a minimum of 75 mm. with respect to the staircase landing or mid-landing level to avoid ingress of water in the fireman lift shaft.

 

9.29.10 Refuge chute/Garbage Chute -

 

In residential buildings, Refuge chute/garbage chute may be provided with opening on each floor or on mid-landing. Design and specifications of Refuge chute shall be in accordance with provisions of IS 6924.

 

Related Regulations to Rule No. 9

 

Habitable Rooms as Requirements of Part of Building in UDCPR 2020

 

Basements as Requirements of Part of Building in UDCPR 2020

 

Ramp as Requirements of Part of Building in UDCPR 2020

 

Balcony as Requirements of Part of Building in UDCPR 2020

 

Provision of Lift as Requirements of Part of Building in UDCPR 2020

 

Lighting and Ventilation of Room as Requirements of Part of Building in UDCPR 2020

 

Compound Wall and Other Requirements of Part of Building in UDCPR 2020