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as on July 17, 2024

yogesh Sopan lohar

Pune, Maharashtra 411033

Experts In:Architectural Drawing Service  

Working Hours: 08 AM to 9 PM


In a simplest way architectural drawing is the technical drawing of the house, building or any kind of structure. The drawing represents the conventional structure with the help of lines and special symbols. That is why it is also called as “blue print”. There are many purpose of architectural design such as design the idea of the building, communicating ideas to client, understand the scope of the project and many more. 

It is mainly designed in Auto CAD. The Auto Cad Design and Drafting services comes in 2D as well 3D. It is matter of choice that which CAD Design service you want to go with.   


So let’s discuss the aspects of the drafting services in details.


Types of Architectural Drawing


All the Architectural drafting types mentioned below has the different uses and it changes as per the type of architectural plan such as house plans, Interior design, measure drawing, building measurement services, landscape drawings, roads and bridges drawings, site measurement drawings and many more. So let’s check out what all drafting services type means. 


  1. Survey Drawing 
  2. Presentation Drawing 
  3. Working Drawing 

Survey Drawing: Purpose of the Survey Drawing is to take the measurements of existing land, its area, levels, surrounding approach like roads, etc of structures and buildings. Architect requires a proper set of survey drawing as a base for their design, to find out the exact dimensions for the construction work.


Presentation Drawing: Presentation drawing is the presentation of design ideas to visualize the actual design. It can be in 2d and 3d format both. It is used present floor plans and they are usually realistic that’s why they include people, vehicles, and trees. Some reference images are also used to give an idea of the similar style of design.


Working Drawing: A working drawing is the set of detailed drawings which is very important in building architectural plan. Working drawing includes both architectural and structural drawings. It includes the drawing like, Detail plans, Section, Elevations and drawings for different components like door, window, Water tanks (OHWT and UGWT), Electrical points, Plumbing points, Flooring patterns, etc.


What is an AutoCAD Drawing?


An AutoCAD (Computer aided drawing) is a detailed 2D or 3D drawing that displays the components of engineering or architectural project. 

And if we talk about service then Foot2Feet is one of the best Cad drafting & Mechanical drafting services provider in India. 


Understanding Architectural AutoCAD:


Architectural AutoCAD: Architectural AutoCAD is designed using the software Auto CAD. It comes in 2D as well as 3D.  Architectural cad is used to provide services like Drafting Services, architectural drafting, house plans,  floor plates,  Interior design,  measure drawings, detail drawing of various components, etc. 

Foot2feet provides all the CAD Design and Drafting Services that is done by the experts only.

It also includes the structural drawing which is related to structure of the building. It is mostly need by RCC consultants and available in 2D as well as 3D format. 


Important Points in CAD drawing services - 

  1. Accuracy: The CAD drawing for architectural plans need to be very accurate. Minute things matters in the drawing like measurements, dimensions, Room sizes, etc. Error full drawings will cause problem during execution. Centerline drawing which is used to mark the columns on site needs highest degree of accuracy. So it is better if it is done by the experienced draftsman. 

There are many freelance CAD drawing services provider like Foot2feet itself. 


  1. Readability: The final architectural drawing needs to be readable after printing. The job of the CAD Designer and Drafting Services provider is to make it more readable in the print. Like location of dimensions and text written should not overlap in any case, font size of drawing title, room sizes, and other comments  should be readable after printing, in case of presentation drawings Colours should come out properly. The complete set of drawing should be self explanatory. 


Process and why Foot2Feet?


If someone wants to get the Cad drafting & Mechanical drafting services can ask us for quotation and their requirement and the vendors that is connected with us will provide the quotation to client. Simple as it sounds. 

You can get many professionals CAD draftsman under one roof. The draftsman working with Foot2Feet is highly qualified and has immense knowledge of the field. They are higher level practitioner. Most of them are experienced draughtsman working in big companies and some are full time practitioner. Few of them also do freelancing.  So the chances are you will get this in effective cost.

The most important part of this process is that it is better if it is done by experts. The chances of mistakes will get minimize. 

It should be technical so that the builder will get the clear and in depth idea of the drawing. 


Benefits of CAD drafting services 


When we use computer for your CAD Design Services it can make your work easy as they already have basic tools present so you don’t have to start from scratch. CAD drafting is most preferable as it is more accurate and precise compared to manual drafting. Foot2Feet believe in going with technology and adopting them. You will get best 2D as well as 3D drafting services from us.

While hiring drafting services, we recommend you to check their work profile and experience. You must check whether they are an expert in your field of work. 




  1. I am very much impressed with the CAD Drafting services from Foot2Feet they are one of their kind in their field – Satish Jha
  2. I am working with Foot2Feet for many years now and they never failed to satisfy us. Best CAD Design and Drafting Services J - Sahil Oza
  3. Foot2Feet has the wide range of expert draftsman and full time drafting practitioner that makes the design more of a technical and accurate- Manavi Shah

Predcr Drawing


What is Predcr and Predcr Drawing?


Predcr is a software application which is created by “softteck” company to read the online submission drawings of Municipal Corporation for many cities in India. For instance, it’s used by Pune municipal corporation, Pimpri Chinchwad Municipal Corporation, Nasik Municipal Corporation, Hyderabad Municipal Corporation, Bhopal municipal corporation, Chennai Municipal Corporation and many other. Pre dcr plays a significant role in online building permission. In the same vein, using Predcr software, Municipal corporations get detail report of Predcr drawing for submitted proposal of building permission. In conclusion, Predcr works under Auto cad environment with additional menu and toolbar.


The flowchart of getting building permission from Pune Municipal Corporation as follows –  



When Predcr Drawings required?


At the time of every new building sanction or revise building sanction from Local bodies like, Pune Municipal Corporation (PMC) or Pimpri Chinchwad municipal corporation (PCMC), you need to get Predcr drawings run as per Autodcr software requirements.


 Time to prepare Predcr drawing?


When architect finalize the drawing for proposal of online building permission, subsequently Predcr gets to be run as per autodcr requirement. It generally takes upto 2 to 3 days to prepare Predcr drawings


 Charges for Predcr Drawing


Generally Predcr Makers charge in between 3000/- Rs to 8000/- Rs depending on the project size to make the Predcr drawings.



Responsibility of Predcr maker?


Predcr maker is free to use Autocad commands and Predcr commands.To achieving the architectural plan in dwg format as per autodcr software requirements is the main responsibility of Predcr maker. Using the Predcr commands, users or Predcr makers can create all the required layers in one click. Once all the layers are created in the drawing Predcr maker can use autocad commands to draw layout plan. In addition as per autodcr requirements all building items like proposed plot, proposed work should be drawn on the corresponding layers. Sort commands are provided to activate any layer in Predcr.



More about Predcr software?


Pre dcr software works under AutoCAD environment with additional menu and toolbar. It highlights all the failed entities if any, further Predcr software is used to modify or to make and verify the existing or new architectural plan as per AutoDCR software requirements. Followings are some benefits of Pre Dcr software –


a. Standardization of submission drawing– Predcr software brings uniformity and standardization in submission drawing format. Most importantly Pre dcr software corrects some minor drafting errors and provides list of failed entities with auto zooming facility.


b. Ease and convenience – Data redundancy is eliminated from the drawing. Only minimum required entities are to be drawn in the drawing as most of the data will be auto detected by the system from existing available data.


c.  Increased Speed and efficiency – PreDCR facilitates auto-insertion of many drawing entities like parking, door, windows, bedrooms etc. of required size and number. Further Test auto-insertion facility saves text typing efforts. Auto-dimensioning and auto-calculation facility saves calculation efforts. Moreover using Predcr software, a user can create all the required layers at one click.


 Example of PreDCR Drawing– The Predcr drawings differ slightly from architectural drawings. The difference between the two is shown in 2 images below. The architectural drawing of a building is shown below.


Predcr Drawing








Provision for Amenity Space in UDCPR 2020

There are general regulations about any construction permissible on land and no piece of land shall be used as a site for the construction of a building if the site is not eligible for it.


If the Authority considers that the site is insanitary, incapable of being well-drained, or is dangerous to construct a building on it then it is not permissible to use this land as a site for construction.

For Example, if the site is in Defense land, Railway region Hilly region, or not drained properly in this case there one cannot construct anything on the land without considering the regulations.


This information about reservations and their use is very important when someone starts actual planning, whether they are land owners, builders, or construction owners. It is a must-know information before purchasing land or starting construction on the land


UDCPR 2020 Chapter 3 is all about General Land Development Requirements.


This is Applicable to all Planning Authorities and Regional Plan Areas except Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, Other Planning Authorities/Special Planning Authorities/ Development Authorities within the limit of Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, MIDC, NAINA, Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust, Hill Station Municipal Councils, Eco-sensitive/Eco-fragile region notified by MoEF & CC and Lonavala Municipal Council, in Maharashtra.


Rule No. 3.5 Provision for Amenity Space 


Amenity Space is space to be left for the government for planning various public amenities like schools, hospitals, libraries, fire stations, police chowki, etc.


This space is to be handed over to the government and the owner gets FSI as compensation for the land. (In short, there is only loss of space but no loss of FSI)




In the areas of Local Authorities, Special Planning Authorities, and Metropolitan Region Development Authorities, Amenity Space as mentioned below on gross area after deducting area under reservations/roads in the Development Plan including proposals of road widening therein, shall have to be provided in any layout or subdivision of land or proposal for development.


Area of LandMinimum Amenity Space to be provided
a) less than 20000 sq.mNil
b) 20000 sq.m or more5% of the total area.


These amenity spaces shall be developed by the owner for the uses mentioned in the definition of amenity. However, the Authority may insist for handing over the amenity space to the Authority, if it is required for the following six purposes only. If it is not required for the following six purposes and required for other purposes, it may be taken over by the Authority with the consent of the owner.


i)  Garden.


ii)  Playground.


iii)  Municipal School.


iv)  Municipal Hospital.


v)  Fire Brigade.


vi)  Housing for Project affected Persons.


In such circumstances, amenity space shall be deemed to be reservations/proposals in the Development Plan, and Floor Space Index (FSI) in lieu thereof may be made available in situ on the remaining land. The calculation of this in-situ FSI shall be shown on the layout/building plan. If the owner desires to have TDR against it, instead of in-situ FSI, then he may be awarded TDR. The in-situ FSI or TDR shall be granted only after the transfer of the amenity space to the Authority. The generation of TDR or in-situ FSI shall be equivalent to the quantum mentioned in Regulation No.11.2 of Transferable Development Rights.




Regulation No.11.2 of Transferable Development Rights


Transferable Development Rights (TDR) are compensation in the form of Floor Space Index (FSI) or Development Rights which shall entitle the owner to the construction of a built-up area subject to provisions in this regulation. This FSI credit shall be issued in a certificate which shall be called as Development Right Certificate (DRC).


Development Rights Certificate (DRC) shall be issued by the Authority under his signature and endorsed thereon in writing in figures and in words, the FSI credit in square meters of the built-up area to which the owner or lessee is entitled, the place from where it is generated and the rate of that plot as prescribed in the Annual Statement of Rates issued by the Registration Department for the concerned year.TDR generated within the jurisdiction of a particular Authority shall be utilized within the jurisdiction of the same Authority as per this regulation.




Provided that:-


i) This regulation shall not be applicable where separate amenity space is mandated by the Government while sanctioning modification proposals under section 37 or 20 of the Act. In such cases, the development of the amenity shall be governed by the conditions mentioned in the said notification.


ii) Amenity space shall be approachable by a minimum of 12.0 m. wide road except for the cases where 12.0 m. the approach road to the site is not available. If in the case of B & C Class Municipal Councils, Nagar panchayats, and R.P. areas, such amenity space may be located on 9 m. road, however, in such cases, special buildings on amenity plots shall not be allowed.


iii) This regulation shall not be applicable to Regulation No.4.8.1, (i.e.Regulation for allowing Residential/Commercial users in Industrial Zone), wherein separate provision of land for public amenities/utilities is made.


iv) This regulation shall not be applicable where the entire development permission is for amenities specified in the definition of amenity space in these Regulations and also for uses other than residential permissible in an agricultural zone. This regulation shall also not be applicable, if construction on the entire plot is for a hotel building or IT establishment/building.


v)  This regulation shall not be applicable to the Town Planning Scheme area under the M. R. & T. P. Act, 1966, or similar schemes permitted in agricultural zones.


vi) This regulation shall not be applicable for revision of earlier sanctioned development permissions granted under the regulations in force prior to these regulations and work is commenced, where no such amenity space has been provided in development permission sanctioned earlier.


viii) If some amenity space is provided in the earlier permission, then the quantum of such amenity space in the revised permission:-

a) Shall be limited to the area provided in earlier permission.

b) Shall not be reduced even though the area of such amenity space is more than what is

specified in this regulation.


ix) If the owner agrees to construct the amenity and hands it over to the Authority with the consent of the Authority, then he shall be entitled for amenity TDR/in-situ FSI as per Regulation No.11.2.


x) The development in amenity space shall be allowed up to the building potential mentioned in Regulation No.6.1 on Regulations for Congested area in Development Plans/Gaothans of Village settlements in Metropolitan Region Development Authorities and Regional Plans or Regulation No. 6.3. on Permissible FSI


xi) Any other use, not mentioned in these regulations, may be allowed to be developed by the Authority similar to the uses defined as amenity.




In the case of Regional Plan areas, the percentage of amenity space to be provided shall be as mentioned in Regulation No.5.1.8.



Regulation No.5.1.8. Provision of Amenity Space


i) In any layout or sub-division of land for residential purposes admeasuring more than 0.4 Ha. (excluding the area of R.P. roads, road widening, and designations) amenity space shall have to be provided for the areas and specified percentages mentioned in the table below.


Area of LandAmenity Space to be provided
up to 4000 sq.mNIL
more than 4000 sq.m10%


ii) For calculating the area for Amenity Space, the area covered under the development proposal submitted to the Authority shall only be considered.


iii) The owner shall be entitled to develop the Amenity Spaces as per the uses permissible in the Amenity Spaces.


iv) If the owner agrees to handover and the Authority agrees to take over the amenity space, then such Amenity Space shall be deemed to be reservation in the plan and floor space index (FSI) in lieu thereof (1) subject to maximum receiving potential prescribed in these regulations may be made available in-situ on the remaining land. The calculation of this in-situ FSI shall be shown on the layout/building plan. In the areas where TDR regulations are applicable and if the owner desires to have TDR against it, instead of in-situ FSI, then he may be awarded TDR. The in-situ FSI or TDR shall be granted only after the transfer of the Amenity Space to the Authority. The generation of TDR or in-situ FSI shall be equivalent to the quantum mentioned in the Regulation of TDR.


v) Proviso of Regulation No.3.5.1 shall be applicable to this regulation.



3.5.3 Development of Amenity Spaces in Earlier Sanctioned Layout


Amenity spaces, which are earmarked in the layout sanctioned tentatively or finally earlier and not so far developed, may also be allowed to be developed for any of the uses mentioned in this regulation. Such amenity buildings may be allowed to be developed on the road on which such amenity space is located in the sanctioned layout. However, special building shall require a front road as specified in Regulation No.3.3.9.



Regulation No.3.3.9. Access Provisions for Special buildings in Regulation No.1.3(93)(xiv)

For special buildings, as mentioned in 93(xiv) under Regulation No.1.3, the following additional

provisions of means of access shall be ensured;


(a)  The width of the main street on which the plot abuts shall not be less than 12.0 m. in non- congested area and shall not be less than 9.0 m. in a congested area, and one end of this street shall join another street of width not less than at least 9.0 m. (1) in congested areas and 12.0 m. in non-congested areas.


(b)  The marginal distances on all its sides shall be a minimum of 6.0 m., and the layout for the same shall be approved taking into consideration the requirements of fire services, and the margins shall be of a hard surface capable of taking the weight of fire engine, weighing up to 45 tonnes. The said marginal distances shall be kept free of obstructions and shall be motorable.


(c)  Main entrances to the plot shall be of adequate width to allow easy access to the fire engine, and in no case shall it measure less than 6.0 m. The entrance gate shall fold back against the compound wall of the premises, thus leaving the exterior accessway within the plot free for movement of fire engine/fire service vehicles. If the main entrance at the boundary wall is built over, the minimum clearance (headroom) shall be 4.5 m.


Related Regulations to Rule No. 3 - 


You can visit our other blogs related to Regulations 3 through the below-mentioned links:


Recreational Open Spaces in UDCPR 2020


Minimum Plot Area for Various Uses in UDCPR 2020


Provision for Inclusive Housing in UDCPR 2020


Relocation of D.P Reservations (Except Road) UDCPR 2020


Rules for Railway Line, River, Electric Line, Airport, Nallah in UDCPR 2020


Plotting, Land Subdivisions, and Access Road Rules in UDCPR 2020

7 Types of Construction Calculators by Foot2Feet

Making life simpler with technology and devices, humans will always search for something new to live it easier. Foot2Feet App is one such invention, made as a one-stop solution to help and solve all queries related to real estate.

Right from the very beginning to the end, this app helps you to take your business ahead in the right ways. You can manage everything as you will be appointed service professionals. 

One of the great features that this app presents the user is the ‘Calculators’. Every construction site needs various complex calculations related to land and building, which differs according to various factors such as location, area, zoning and much more. So we provide automatic calculators which include FSI Calculator, Side margin calculator, water tank capacity calculator, etc and various factors that are important to concentrate on while you are onto a project.

The foot2feet app has all the important real estate calculators that a real estate owner, builder, engineer, architect or any one in construction industry needs.

These construction calculators are :

1. FSI Calculator:

FSI Calculators for both Pune Corporation and PMRDA projects can help you calculate the Floor Space Index of your project.

It has simplified tabs rather than the traditional formula of FSI = Built-up Area/ Plot Area. The traditional formula can help you with rough figures of measurements while FSI calculator calculates as per the plot’s area, building type, area of DP road widening, area under non-DP roads, under DP reservations, open space around and the area they wish to leave open.

With instant results, get an instant idea about construction.

Pune FSI Calculator

2. Side Margin Calculator:

The Side Margin calculator for projects in Pune Corporation works according to DCPR 2017 and in PMRDA as per DCPR 2018. It has 6 question tabs that will help you note the side margin of your building. The tabs are ‘My Preferred Unit’, ‘Width of Access Road’, ‘Height of Building’, ‘Parking Floor Height’, ‘Building Type’, and ‘Metro Zone’

Side Margin Calculator

3. TDR Calculator:

The TDR calculator by F2F helps you to determine the TDR you need to buy in order to extend the area for your project. It has a number of important tabs like ‘required TDR’, ‘Utilization Plot Rate’, ‘Generation Plot Rate’, etc. that will quickly ensure the TDR rate and buying needs.

All Calculators

4. Water Tank Calculator:

Often residential projects face problems of water scarcity in their societies due to insufficient water storage tanks. These water tanks not only store the water that people can domesticatebut also a surplus amountof it for the Fire System.

To understand the water tank need an exact amount of water a building needs, you should try the F2F water tankcalculator. With this calculator, our app can provide an exact figure to help you understand the right water tank(s) needed for domestication, fire system storage and the total tank storage.

All Calculators

5. Parking Calculator:

Parking space is one of the biggest issues in cities where people can own more than one vehicle. You may not want to add up more to this restriction which is why it is wise to calculate and understand the parking area requirement.

Parking Calculator

6. Height Calculator:

The height calculator can help you calculate permissible height according to DCPR 2017 for projects under Pune Corporation. It has an input field and road width as the main tabs. One can easily calculate the total height upto which you can construct of a building.

F2F parking calculator can calculate parking requirement for residential building, commercial complexes, hospitals, industrial buildings, etc.

All Calculators

7. Development charges calculator:

This calculator calculates the tentative challan amount required to pay to PMC for any project to get sanctioned. Depending upon the plot area, FSI and ready reckoner rate this amount varies. You can find tentative amount by input of these fields. Also if you require exact challan amount more details is to be filled.

Development Charges Calculator


The F2F app for real estate businessmen has more than just calculators. To explore the calculators and know more about the application, you should download it, right away.



Drainage and Sanitation Requirements in UDCPR 2020

UDCPR 2020 Chapter 12 is all about the Structural Safety, Water supply, Drainage, and Sanitary Requirements, Outdoor Display, And Other Services in Development Plans as per mentioned in the UDCPR 


This is Applicable to all Planning Authorities and Regional Plan Areas except Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, Other Planning Authorities/Special Planning Authorities/ Development Authorities within the limit of Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, MIDC, NAINA, Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust, Hill Station Municipal Councils, Eco-sensitive/Eco-fragile region notified by MoEF & CC and Lonavala Municipal Council, in Maharashtra.


Rule No. 12.6 Drainage and Sanitation Requirements


12.6.1 General


1)  There should be at least one water tap and arrangement for drainage in the vicinity of each water-closet or group of water closets in all the buildings.


2)  Each family dwelling unit on the premises (abutting on a sewer or with a private sewage disposal system) shall have, at least, one water closet and one kitchen-type sink. A bath or shower shall also be installed to meet the basic requirements of sanitation and personal hygiene.


3)  All other structures for human occupancy or use on-premises, abutting on a sewer or with a private sewage disposal system, shall have adequate sanitary facilities, but in no case less than one water closet and one other fixture for cleaning purposes.


12.6.2  For Residences


1) Dwelling with individual convenience shall have at least the following fitments: 


a) One bathroom provided with a tap and a floor trap

b) One water closet with a flushing apparatus with an ablution tap; and

c) One tap with a floor trap or a sink in the kitchen or wash place.


2) Dwelling without individual conveniences shall have the following fitments:


a) One water tap with a floor trap in each tenement.


b) One water closet with flushing apparatus and one ablution tap, bath for every two tenements, and


c) One bath with water tap and floor trap for every two tenements.


12.6.3 For Buildings Other than Residences


The requirements for fitments for drainage and sanitation in the case of buildings other than residences shall be in accordance with Table No.12-C to 12-P. The following shall be, in addition, taken into consideration:


a)  The figures shown are based upon one (1) fixture being the minimum required for the number of persons indicated or part thereof.


b) Building categories not included in the tables shall be considered separately by the Authority.


c) Drinking fountains shall not be installed in the toilets.


d) Where there is the danger of exposure to skin contamination with poisonous, infectious or irritating material, washbasin with eye wash jet and an emergency shower located in an area accessible at all times with the passage / right of way suitable for access to a wheel chair, shall be provided.


e) When applying the provision of these tables to provide the number of fixtures, consideration shall be given to the accessibility of the fixtures. Using a purely numerical basis may not result in an installation suited to the needs of a specific building. For example, schools should be provided with toilet facilities on each floor. Similarly, toilet facilities shall be provided for temporary workmen employed in any establishment according to the needs, and in any case, one WC and one washbasin shall be provided.


f) All buildings used for human habitation for dwelling work, occupation, medical care or any purpose detailed in the various tables, abutting a public sewer or a private sewage disposal system, shall be provided with minimum sanitary facilities as per the schedule in the tables. In case the disposal facilities are not available, they shall be provided as a part of the building design for ensuring high standards of sanitary conditions in accordance with this section.


g)  Workplaces where crèches are provided, they shall be provided with one WC for 10 persons or part thereof, one washbasin for 15 persons or part thereof, and one kitchen sink with floor tap for preparing food/milk preparations. The sink provided shall be with a drinking water tap.


h)  In all types of buildings, individual toilets and pantries should be provided for executives and for meeting/seminar/conference rooms, etc., as per user requirements.


i)  Where food is consumed indoors, water stations may be provided in place of drinking water fountains.


Related Regulations


You can visit our other blogs related to Regulations 12 through the below-mentioned links


Signs and Outdoor Display Structures in UDCPR 2020


Water Supply, Drainage, and Sanitary Requirements in UDCPR 2020


Alternatives Materials, Methods of Design & Construction, and Tests in UDCPR 2020


Building Services in UDCPR 2020


Quality of Materials and Workmanship in UDCPR 2020


Structural Safety, Water Supply, Drainage and Sanitary Requirements, Outdoor Display, and Other Services in UDCPR 2020


Provisions for Barrier Free Access in UDCPR 2020

UDCPR 2020 Chapter 13 is all about the Special Provisions for Certain Buildings as per mentioned in the UDCPR 


This is Applicable to all Planning Authorities and Regional Plan Areas except Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, Other Planning Authorities/Special Planning Authorities/ Development Authorities within the limit of Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, MIDC, NAINA, Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust, Hill Station Municipal Councils, Eco-sensitive/Eco-fragile region notified by MoEF & CC and Lonavala Municipal Council, in Maharashtra.


Rule No. 13.0 General

Special provisions shall be made with respect to certain buildings, as given below. However, this provision shall stand superseded if new directions are issued by the Government.


Rule No. 13.1 Provisions for Barrier-Free Access


Provisions for barrier-free access in buildings for differently-abled persons shall be as given



13.1.1 Definitions


i) Non-ambulatory Disabilities :- Impairments that, regardless of cause or manifestation, for all practical purposes, confine individuals to wheelchairs.


ii) Semi-ambulatory Disabilities :- Impairments that cause individuals to walk with difficulty or insecurity, individuals using braces or crutches, amputees, arthritics, spastics, and those with pulmonary and cardiac ills may be semi-ambulatory.


iii) Hearing Disabilities :- Deafness or hearing handicaps that might make an individual insecure in public areas because he is unable to communicate or hear warning signals.


iv) Sight Disabilities :- Total blindness or impairments, which affect sight to the extent that the individual, functioning in public areas, is insecure or exposed to danger.


v) Wheel Chair :- Chair used by disabled people for mobility. The standard size of the wheelchair shall be taken as 1050 mm. x 750 mm.


13.1.2  Scope


These regulations are applicable to all buildings and facilities used by the public such as educational, institutional, assembly, commercial, business, and mercantile buildings constructed on plots having an area of more than 2000 sq.m. It does not apply to private and public residences.


13.1.3  Site development


The level of the roads, access paths, and parking areas shall be described in the plan, along with the specifications for the materials.


1. Access Path/Walkway: The access path from plot entry and surface parking to the building entrance shall be a minimum of 1800 mm. wide having an even surface without any steps. Slope, if any, shall not have a gradient greater than 5%. Selection of floor material shall be made suitably to attract or to guide visually impaired persons (limited to coloured floor material whose colour and brightness is conspicuously different from that of the surrounding floor material or the material that emits different sounds to guide visually impaired persons; hereinafter referred to as “guiding floor material”. Finishes shall have a non-slip surface with a texture traversable by a wheel chair. Curbs wherever provided should blend to a common level.


2. Parking :- For parking of vehicles of handicapped people, the following provisions shall be made :-


a) Surface parking for two car spaces shall be provided near the entrance for physically handicapped persons with a maximum travel distance of 30.0 m. from the building entrance.


b) The width of parking bay shall be minimum 3.6 meter.


c) The information stating that the space is reserved for wheelchair users shall be conspicuously displayed.


d) Guiding floor materials shall be provided or a device, which guides visually impaired persons with audible signals, or other devices, which serves the same purpose, shall be provided.


13.1.4 Building Requirements


The specified facilities for the buildings for differently-abled persons shall be as follows :-


i)  Approach to plinth level


ii)  Corridor connecting the entrance/exit for the differently abled.


iii)  Stair-ways


iv)  Lift


v)  Toilet


vi)  Drinking Water.


i) Approach to plinth level : Every building should have at least one entrance accessible to the differently abled, which shall be indicated by proper signage. This entrance shall be approached through a ramp together with the stepped entry.


ii) Ramped Approach: The ramp shall be finished with non-slip material to enter the building. The minimum width of the ramp shall be 1800mm. with a maximum gradient of 1: 12. The length of the ramp shall not exceed 9.0 m. It shall have an 800 mm. high handrail on both sides extending 300 mm beyond the top and bottom of the ramp. The minimum gap from the adjacent wall to the hand rail shall be 50 mm.


iii) Stepped Approach :- For the stepped approach, the size of the tread shall not be less than 300 mm. and the maximum riser shall be 150 mm. Provision of 800 mm. high hand rail on both sides of the stepped approach similar to the ramped approach.


iv) Exit/Entrance Door :- Minimum & clear opening of the entrance door shall be 900 mm. and it shall not be provided with a step that obstructs the passage of a wheel chair user. Threshold shall not be raised more than 12 mm.


v) Entrance Landing :- Entrance landing shall be provided adjacent to the ramp with a minimum dimension of 1800 mm. x 2000 mm. The entrance landing that adjoins the top end of a slope shall be provided with floor materials to attract the attention of visually impaired persons (limited to coloured floor material whose colour and brightness are conspicuously different from that of the surrounding floor material or the material that emits different sound to guide visually impaired persons hereinafter referred to as “guiding floor material”). Finishes shall have a non-slip surface with a texture traversable by a wheelchair. Curbs, wherever provided, should blend to a common level.


vi) Corridor connecting the entrance/exit for the differently abled :- The corridor connecting the entrance/exit for the differently abled, leading directly outdoors to a place where information concerning the overall use of the specified building can be provided to visually impaired persons either by a person or by signs, shall be provided as follows :-


a)  Guiding floor materials or devices that emit sound to guide visually impaired persons shall be provided.


b)  The minimum width shall be 1500 mm.


c) In case there is a difference of level, slope ways shall be provided with a slope of 1 : 12.


d) Handrails shall be provided for ramps/slope ways.


vii) Stair-ways - One of the stair-ways - near the entrance/exit for the differently abled shall have the following provisions :-


a)  The minimum width shall be 1350 mm.


b) The height of the riser shall not be more than 150 mm. and the width of the tread 300 mm. The steps shall not have abrupt (square) nosing.


c)  Maximum number of risers on a flight shall be limited to 12.


d) Handrails shall be provided on both sides and shall extend 300 mm. on the top and bottom of each flight of steps.


viii) Lifts - Wherever a lift is required as per regulations, provision of at least one lift shall be made for the wheelchair user with the following cage dimensions of lift recommended for a passenger lift of 13 person capacity of Bureau of Indian Standards.


Clear internal width1100 mm.
Clear internal width2000 mm.
Entrance door width900 mm.


a)  A handrail not less than 600 mm. long at 1000 mm. above floor level shall be fixed adjacent to the control panel.


b)  The lift lobby shall be of an inside measurement of 1800 mm. x 1800 mm. or more.


c)  The time of an automatically closing door should be a minimum of 5 seconds and the closing speed should not exceed 0.25 m./sec.


d)  The interior of the cage shall be provided with a device that audibly indicates the floor, the cage has reached indicates that the door of the cage of entrance/exit is either open or closed.


ix) Toilets :- One special W.C. in a set of toilets shall be provided for the use of differently abled with the essential provision of washbasin near the entrance for the handicapped.


a) The minimum size shall be 1500 mm. x 1750 mm.


b) Minimum clear opening of the door shall be 900 mm. and the door shall swing out.


c) A suitable arrangement of vertical/horizontal handrails with 50 mm. clearance from the wall shall be made in the toilet.


d)  The W.C. seat shall be 500 mm. from the floor.


x) Drinking Water :- Suitable provision of drinking water shall be made for the differently abled near the special toilet provided for them.


xi) Designing for Children :- In the buildings meant for the pre-dominant use of the children, it will be necessary to suitably alter the height of the handrail and other fittings & fixtures, etc.


Explanatory notes :-

1) Guiding / Warning Floor Material :


The floor material to guide or to warn the visually impaired persons with a change of colour or material with conspicuously different texture and easily distinguishable from the rest of the surrounding floor materials is called guiding or warning floor material. The material with different textures gives audible signals with sensory warnings when a person moves on this surface with a walking stick. The guiding/warning floor material is meant to give a directional effect or warn a person at critical places. This flooring material shall be provided in the following areas :-


a) The access path to the building and to the parking area.


b) The landing lobby towards the information board, reception, lifts, staircases and toilets.


c)  Immediately at the beginning/end of the walkway where there is a vehicular traffic.


d) At the location abruptly changing in level or beginning/end of a ramp.


e) Immediately in front of an entrance/exit and the landing.


2) Proper signage :-


Appropriate identification of specific facilities within a building for the differently abled persons should be done with proper signals. Visually impaired persons make use of other senses such as hearing and touch to compensate for the lack of vision, whereas visual signals benefit those with hearing disabilities.


Signs should be designed and located so that they are easily legible by using suitable letter sizes (not less than 20 mm. high). For visually impaired persons, an information board in brail should be installed on the wall at a suitable height and it should be possible to approach them closely. To ensure safe walking, there should not be any protruding sign which creates obstruction in walking. Public Address System may also be provided in busy public areas.


The symbols/information should be in contrasting colours and properly illuminated because people with limited vision may be able to differentiate between primary colours. International Symbol Mark for wheel chair be installed in a lift, toilet, staircase, parking areas, etc., that have been provided for the differently abled.


Balcony as Requirements of Part of Building in UDCPR 2020

UDCPR 2020 Chapter 9 is all about the Requirements of Part of the Building as per mentioned in the UDCPR 


This is Applicable to all Planning Authorities and Regional Plan Areas except Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, Other Planning Authorities/Special Planning Authorities/ Development Authorities within the limit of Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, MIDC, NAINA, Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust, Hill Station Municipal Councils, Eco-sensitive/Eco-fragile region notified by MoEF & CC and Lonavala Municipal Council, in Maharashtra.


Rule No. 9.14 Balcony 


Balcony or balconies of a minimum width of 1.0 m. and maximum of 2.0 m. may be permitted in residential and other buildings on any floor except the ground floor, and such balcony projection shall be subject to the following conditions :-


i)  In non-congested areas, no balcony shall reduce the marginal open space (including front) to less than 2.0 m. up to 24.0 m. building height. For heights, 24.0 m. and more no balcony shall reduce the marginal open space to less than 6.0 m. on the first floor and 4.5 m. on the upper floor. In congested areas, balconies may be permitted on upper floors projecting in front setbacks except over lanes having a width of 4.50 m. or less and in marginal distances subject to 1.0 m. clear marginal distance from the plot boundary to the external face of the balcony.


ii)  Balcony, though not cantilever, shall be allowed on the ground floor, after leaving required setback/marginal distances.


iii)  The width of the balcony shall be measured perpendicular to the building up to the outermost edge of the balcony.


iv)  The balcony may be allowed to be enclosed in the room, at the time of development permission, if desired by the owner/developer. In such case depth of the enclosed balcony shall not exceed 1/3rd of the depth of the room. (including the depth of the balcony)


v)  Nothing shall be allowed beyond the outer edge of the balcony.


Related Regulations to Rule No. 9


Habitable Rooms as Requirements of Part of Building in UDCPR 2020


Basements as Requirements of Part of Building in UDCPR 2020


Ramp as Requirements of Part of Building in UDCPR 2020


Provision of Lift as Requirements of Part of Building in UDCPR 2020


Lighting and Ventilation of Room as Requirements of Part of Building in UDCPR 2020


Compound Wall and Other Requirements of Part of Building in UDCPR 2020