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Amol madhukar Ghuge

Pune, Maharashtra 411033

Experts In:Architect ,   (PMC) In Redevelopment ,   Advocate  

Working Hours: 08 AM to 9 PM

Rucha birajdar

Pune, Maharashtra 411033

Experts In:Architect  

Working Hours: 08 AM to 9 PM

Kamlesh Deshbhratar

Pune, Maharashtra 411033

Experts In:(PMC) In Redevelopment ,   Redevelopment Feasibility Report ,   Architect  

Working Hours: 08 AM to 9 PM

snehal shinde

Pune, Maharashtra 411033

Experts In:Architect ,   Interior Designer ,   Building Permissions  

Working Hours: 08 AM to 9 PM

Sawan chandak 0220

Pune, Maharashtra 411033

Experts In:Architect ,   Advocate ,   Environment Consultant  

Working Hours: 08 AM to 9 PM

jk krish

Pune, Maharashtra 411033

3 times Hired

Experts In:Advocate ,   Architect ,   TDR Buy Sell Road Handover  

Working Hours: 08 AM to 9 PM


Pune, Maharashtra 411033

Experts In:Advocate ,   Architect ,   Environment Consultant  

Working Hours: 08 AM to 9 PM


Pune, Maharashtra 411033

2 times Hired

Experts In:Architect ,   Environment Consultant ,   Estimator  

Working Hours: 08 AM to 9 PM


1. Know more about Architect in Pune

The human being, however, is not just a living creature that needs space. However, the emotional response is no less important. The way a room is dimensioned, divided, painted, lit, entered and furnished by Architect has great significance which makes impression. Hence An architect understand the relationships of the size of limbs of a healthy being and how much space a person occupies in various postures and in movement. Architects are  professionals who are trained in the art and science of building design. In short architect plays a key role in the construction activity by not only creating overall look of building but also other structures.


2. Roles and responsibilities of Architect in Pune


Usually people needs places like where to live, play, worship, meet, eat, work, and shop. For instance architects are responsible for designing these places. From the very initial discussion with the client through the final delivery of the completed structure they are involved in every phases of a construction project. Whereas an prime role of an architect is to create design for any kind of construction projects. For which it requires his specialist construction knowledge and extra ordinary high level drawing skills to design building that are functional, safe, sustainable and aesthetically pleasing.


3. Types of Architect in Pune

A first person to whom we choose to build our dream project is an Architect who gives an astonishing impression. There are many types of architect to choose from as per our requirement, here is major of them listed –


i. Residential Architect

ii. Commercial Architect

iii. Bungalow Specialist Architect

iv. Liaisoning Architect

v. Industrial Architect

vi. Landscape Architect

vii. Interior Architect

4. Design Parameters involved in Architecture


Architect are familiar with the dimensions of the appliances, clothing etc. which  people encounter every day, in order to be able to determine the appropriate sizes for containers and furniture. For instance must know how much space a person needs between furniture in the kitchen, dining room, libraries etc. in order to undertake the necessary reaching and working among these fittings in comfort without squandering space. Certainly architect must know how furniture should be placed so that people can fulfil their tasks  or relax in the home, office or workshop. And, finally, the architect need to know the minimum practical dimensions of spaces in which people move around on a daily basis, like trains, trams, vehicles etc. Above all typically very restricted minimum spaces give the architect fixed impressions, which are then used, even if unintentionally, to deliver dimensions of other spaces. Find pdf of architectural data here. https://www.pdfdrive.com/architects-data-e18947586.html


5. Cost required for Architectural design

The cost involve in the Architectural design are depend wise. As Comprehensive Architectural Services in the conditions of Engagement including Site Development but Excluding Landscape Architecture, Interior Architecture, Graphic and Signage are approx 3% or more of total cost of construction project. In the same vein, some architect charge on lump sum basis. You can only buy as house plan for small scale construction. 


6. How Do I choose an Architect in Pune

Selecting an architect is for your dream home is one of the important and prime task in process of constriction. Because if you mistakenly choose wrong Architect; the whole project will lead to nowhere. So, first ever thing you can do is Google “Top Architect in pune” and check whether they are providing what you are looking for. This process may seem difficult to some of you. You can get consultation and free quotation from foot2feet.com as well. Hiring an architect from local city is a toughest challenge in competition world. As Architect in pune would also know the building codes and zoning requirement. For any query. Get more information to know the step by step guide for any construction. https://foot2feet.com/blog/a-9-step-guide-for-construction-of-any-building/


7. FAQ about Architect in Pune


i. How much do architectural firms in Pune charge per square feet?


Architectural cost for normal unfurnished home can be constructed at a cost of 950 – to 1000 rs Per square feet. And a finished home around takes 1250 to 1350 Rs Per Square feet.


ii. Do I need an architect or a structural engineer?


If you are doing structural work, then you will need a structural engineer, whereas the role of architect depends on the complexity of project. Structural engineer and architects both design building projects.


iii. How long does it take an architect to draw house plans?


The time require to draw house plan is completely depends on the size of project. Whereas total set of plan for typical 3 bedroom house takes upto 7 to 8 hours to complete.


 iv. What is difference between an architect and designer?

The basic difference between Architect and interior designers are professionals who develops design plans. Architects design and deliver the complete building, In the same vein Designer always tries to create the desired feel, look and mood within the building.



Hotel Architect


1.   Know more about Hotel Design Architect  


The hotel, formerly a business offering accommodation and catering, often with exclusive flair, has today become a complex and efficient service provider business with a wide spectrum of possibilities like conferences, wellness, and holidays. Different types hotel offer varying standards of quality and facilities. Whereas the hotel area is an uninterrupted narrative of a story, which gives client the astonishing feelings that express their wisdom during their accommodation. Subsequently an hotel design architect need to know from the general aesthetics’ to guest’s experience.


2.  Types of Hotels


Hotels may be part of chain or independent. Special design requirements may imposed to hotels which do form of chain. Moreover Hotel types include town hotels, Holiday hotels, clubs, and hotels with apartments and motels. There are hotels in various price and comfort classes, which are classified according to five categories In addition, they are essentially determined by room’s size and features, as follows –


i.  1 Star (Tourist) – Reception as a separate area, Single room is of 8m2, and double room 12m2 in which minimum area for 75% of the hotel rooms, without bathroom, bed, wardrobe, seat, washbasin in the room.


ii.  2 Stars (Standard) – As 1 star, but single room 12 m2, double room 16 m2 in which minimum area for 75% of the hotel rooms, including bathroom and corridor, bathroom in room seat per bed, colour television in 70% of the hotel rooms.


iii.  3 Stars (Comfort)– as before, but single room 14 m2, double room 18 m2 (minimum area, see above), bathroom in room (for all rooms in the hotel), telephone, reception area with seating for group, independent reception.


iv.  4 Stars (First Class)– as before, but single room 16 m2 , double room 22 m2 (minimum area, see above), minibar, armchair/couch with coffee table, lobby with seating and drinks service.


v.  5 Stars (Luxury)– as before, but single room 18m2 , double room 26m2, (minimum size, see above), 2% of the hotel rooms as suites (at least two), each with an armchair/sofa per bed, additional washbasin in double rooms and suites, additional colour television in suites, reception lobby.


3.  Design Rules for Hotel


If a hotel is not operating efficiently, then guest don’t care how good it looks. Firstly the hotel design should be equitable, like fair and non –discriminating to diverse users, secondly, it should be operable by all the users, thirdly the design should be respects affordability and cost considerations and last but not the least, the hotel design employs aesthetics.


4.   Cost required for Hotel design


The cost involve in the Hotel design are extraordinary high. Cost required for the hotel design is totally depends on the architect you select. As some of Hotel design architect may charge the cost for Hotel design on lump sum basis on other hand some hotel design architect may charge at the 5% of total cost for comprehensive architectural services.


5. Design Parameters involved in Hotel Design


Design parameters involved in hotel design varies on the basis of type of hotel you choose to build. In addition, there are some common areas in every hotel has to build. The essential areas are as the administration, a staff area, which is separately accessed and partly in direct connection with other areas of the hotel, guest room area with differentiated rooms and individual access areas arranged under the aspects of category, orientation and noise screening, service area with kitchens, store and associated rooms. Nowadays, modern hotels often provides extra facilities such as swimming pools, fitness rooms, saunas etc. See details information of this areas as follows –


i.  Hotel Rooms – Hotel Rooms may include a sitting area with chairs, a desk, TV, Self – service drinks, refrigerator and suitcase stand. In the same vein, the size and number of beds largely dictates dimensions and layout of room, e.g. Twin 100/200 cm, double 150/200 cm, queen-size 165/200cm, or king-size 200/200cm.


ii.  Corridor Space – Corridor space should be about 6m2   per room, and normally at least 1.5 – 1.80m wide. Likewise, separate routes also be provided for guest, staff and goods.


iii.  Hotel lobby and hotel reception – This is at the central in hotel, which is well-arranged and prestigious nerve center between the various parts of the operation. Customers move from parking areas, through the entrance and reception, and then to lifts, staircases or corridors leading to bedrooms or public rooms.


iv. Catering area–Catering area should be in connection with the hotel lobby extent of the services depend on the hotel category, whereas to be able to eat in comfort, one person requires a table area around 60 cm wide and 30-40 cm deep. This provides sufficient distance between adjacent diners. Although an additional20 cm space in the centre for dishes and large bowls is sometimes desirable, an overall width of 80-85 cm is suitable for a dining table. If the food is served on plates, then 70 cm is sufficient, and for fast food 60 cm table depth. Distance between table and wall >75 cm -7 0, because the chair alone requires a space of 50cm. If the space between table and wall is also used for access, the distance should be> or equal to 100 cm. Round tables need a little more space, a difference of up to 50 cm.


v.  Hotel Kitchen –Kitchen size is determined by the number of workstations, the space required for equipment, the range of meals and the extent of food preparation. Therefore number of covers or number of seats are not adequate guides.  Whereas kitchen planning requires four stages of development, as follows –


·         Determine a process plan covering all major areas,

·         Check maximum and minimum personal needs per area,

·         Determine the equipment needed for each area,

·         Space allocation.


vi.  Laundry Services–Laundry services for a hotel may provided by 


·         Linen rental or contracts with outside laundries.

·         Centralized services operated by the hotel group

·         Hotel – operated laundry on the premises.


6.  Layout and area requirements in Hotel Design


Layout and area requirement in hotel is varies as the size of project is going to be done. The proper structure gives astonishing impression to hotel. Special areas for seminars, health centers and outdoor facilities for which space required can vary tremendously, which will be also needed, so Here we can see the approx space requirement in hotel on tentative percentage basis as follows –


i.         Accommodation facilities                                                                                             – 50-60% of total floor area

(Like rooms, toilets, bathroom, shower room, hallways and floor service)

ii.          Public guest room, reception area, hall and lounges                                         – 4-7% of total floor area

iii.         Hospitality areas, Restaurant and bars for guest and  visitors       – 4-8% of total floor area

iv.        Banqueting area with meeting and conference rooms                    – 4-12% of total floor area

v.          Domestic area, kitchen, personnel rooms and stores                      – 9-14% of total floor area

vi.        Administration, management and secretarial                                      – 1-2% of total floor area

vii.       Maintenance and repair                                                                                               – 4-7% of total floor area

viii.     Leisure, sport, shops and hairdressing salon                                        – 2-10% of total floor area            


7.    FAQ about Hotel Design


i.  What are the criteria and principals involved in the selection of furniture style and type in a modern hotel?


Where the furniture is going to be placed, Style and durability like furniture must last only stylistically but it also stand up to tremendous amount of wear and tear during the lifespan of hotel. These three are the main criteria for selection of furniture style and type in modern furniture.


ii.  What is the standard size of hotel room?


100 square feet and above is the standard size of hotel room.


iii.  Why is hotel design important?


Hotel interior design and its appearance is an very important factor to grab the attention of guest which also increase the customers satisfaction.


iv.  How many rooms are in a hotel floor?


On an average there are 10 to 12 rooms in a hotel per floor.


v. What is difference between hotel room and suite?


A hotel room includes one or more beds like king queen, full or twin beds, a work desk, bathroom, closet, TV and a dresser. In the same vein a suite is a wide larger accommodation which usually has an attached bathroom, living area and many times it includes dining area as well.



Farmhouse Architect


1.  Know more about Farmhouse Design Architect    


Traditionally farmhouses are simply homes which are built on agricultural lands. It serves a residential purpose on agricultural land. Certainly farmhouses are surrounded by a farm or well landscape garden. Farmhouse design architects has an endless challenges to taking old things and making them new again.


2.  Different Style of Farmhouse design


The farmhouse style is a toughest one to finalize. There is lot of  elements in the farmhouse styles like old jars, vintage pieces, cream painted wood, wire crates etc. The farmhouses are designed in various manners from traditional to modern, moreover all have the rural or agricultural flavor. See few styles of farmhouse design –


        i.            French Farmhouse –

       ii.            Cottage Farmhouse

      iii.            Western Farmhouse

      iv.            Modern Farmhouse

       v.            Classic Farmhouse

      vi.            Rustic Farmhouse

     vii.            Bohemian Farmhouse


3.     Cost required for Farmhouse design


The cost involved in the Farmhouse design are extraordinarily high. Cost required for the farmhouse design totally depends on the architect you select. Some of farmhouse designers may charge the cost for modern farmhouse design on lump sum basis.  On other hand some farmhouse design architect may charge at the 5% of total cost of construction. In addition you can also get the customized farmhouse floor plan here https://construction.foot2feet.com/house-plan/


4.     Design Parameters involved in Farmhouse Design


While designing a farmhouse, ample space must be allowed for each of the daily activity. Further, it’s not so much related to total space as such things like door width and height, corridor width, plenty of space for furniture like bed or a table  and chairs. Space required for farmhouse kitchen, farmhouse bedroom and farmhouse living room etc. In 1890, farmhouses were covered with a layer of soil for fire protection purposes, certainly its causing plants to grow. After that in the 20th century, during the classic modernist period and with the introduction of flat roofs, the almost forgotten green roof which is rediscovered. Whereas the farmhouse should be fitted into its surroundings. Farmhouse design should always considered the Sunlight, direction of prevailing summer and winter winds, views which  already exist and those that can be developed and location of public  road and driveway etc. In short, farmhouse uses common elements from traditional rural building like timber cladding, A frame roofs, and lofted spaces which is connected to natural surroundings.


5.     Various Permissions required for Farmhouse construction?


For constructing a Farmhouse various noc’s and building permissions required. Local Bodies like, Pune Municipal Corporation, PMRDA, PCMC grant the permission for Farmhouse construction. As you can build farmhouses on agricultural land, so the area requirement to build a farmhouse is of 1 Acre or more. In the same vein you get FSI (floor Space Index) of 4 to build the farmhouse in Pune.


6.     FAQ about Farmhouse Design


i.  What are the different types of farmhouse style?


French Farmhouse, Cottage Farmhouse, Western Farmhouse, Modern Farmhouse, Classic Farmhouse, Rustic Farmhouse and Bohemian Farmhouse these are the different types of farmhouse style. You can check other various types of farmhouse design  at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Farmhouse


ii.  How big is a farmhouse?


Farmhouse area depends generally upon the requirement. The built up are mostly in between 1000 – 1500 sq.ft. Also you can find many large farmhouses also. Farmhouse design plan is ordinarily of two stories, with plenty of space upstairs for bedrooms, sleek line large windows and open layouts.


iii.  What is farmhouse siding called?


Farmhouse siding called as clapboard or horizontal siding, lap siding, vinyl or fiber cement siding.


 iv.  What makes a modern farmhouse exterior?


Crisp paint colors is the key to make a modern farmhouse exterior.


 v.  How much does it cost to build a farmhouse in India?


At the rate of Rs. 3000/- per square foot or more is charged to build a farmhouse in India. As this is the basic rate, which may vary on the specification of a construction.


vi.  What is difference between farmhouse and modern farmhouse?


There is something enduring and warm hearted about farmhouse style, whereas modern farmhouse design takes the comfortable, relaxed farmhouse style which adds modern touches.


vii. What kind of wood should I use for a farmhouse table?


Most farmhouse table are made out of pine. Likewise pine is inexpensive and absorbs stain well.



Apartment Architect


1.  Know more about Apartment Design Architect                 


The need for new housing, considered against a background of continuing urbanization, clearly indicates an increasing proportion of expanding housing market. The inevitability of this trend contains a challenge to the architect to do more than merely meet a statistical demand. Apartment Design Architects must rather address, identify, and solve the problems of multifamily building types as an attractive alternative to freestanding single-family buildings.


2.  Type of Apartment Building


In the world of modern architecture, there are many different types of apartments and multifamily building. The buildings are designed in various manners from traditional to modern, moreover many apartment buildings are a mix or hybrid of types, here are the most often basic building types are as follows –


i.  Studio– A studio apartment is also known as studio flat, a self-contained apartment in which normal functions of a number of rooms like the bedroom, living room and kitchen are combined into a single room. This is mostly prefer for bachelors or people looking for a budget house because they save space and cost. 


ii. Multistorey – Multistorey apartment building is a building that has a multiple storey. Whereas, it typically contains vertical circulation in the form of ramps, stairs and lifts. As this is the many floors building, so lift facility is mandatory to pass easily to other floors.


iii. Villa –A villa is a large, detached structure with spacious land surrounding it. It’s very luxurious and may include amenities like swimming pool, stables and gardens. Villa is generally designed for single family.


iv.  Builder floors– A builder floor apartment is a residential unit in a low rise independent building that has a few other flats. The number of floors generally 2-4 including the ground floor. As builders floors apartments have less number of floors compared to multistorey building. Such apartments usually developed by builder on its own or in collaboration with land owner.


v. Integrated Township –In an Integrated township, cluster of housing and commercial businesses with many amenities like, Schools, roads, hospitals, convenience shopping, water treatment plants, drainage and sewage facilities etc. however, these complexes constructed either by the government or by private realtors


vi.  Gated Community –By keeping safety in mind, gated community consist of Gated community  of Villas, Row houses and multistorey apartment contains strictly controlled entrance for pedestrians, bicycles, automobiles and often characterized by closed perimeter of walls and fences.


 vii.  Row House –a group of series of houses connected by common sidewalls and foaming continuous group fundamentally. Its follow the same architectural layout and design. Row houses are very different from villa.


3.  Time require to build an Apartment Building


The average time to build housing project varies with the number of units in the building. Whereas, average time to complete construction of an apartment building is approximately 2 years. In addition, building with 20 or more units takes upto 3 years to complete, moreover, building with 10 to 19 units takes upto 18 -24 months to complete the construction.


4.     Cost required for Apartment design


The cost involved in the Apartment design are not so high. Cost required for the Apartment design  totally depends on the architect you select. As some of apartment designers may charge the cost for modern Apartment design on lump sum basis on other hand some Apartment design architect may charge at the 3% of total cost for comprehensive architectural services. In addition you can also get the customized Apartment floor plan here Apartment Floor plan fascinating apartment design within the budget.


5.     Design Parameters involved in Apartment Design

As design development, the evolution of an apartment building design is not a sequential process. Rather its  a process of continuing interaction, feedback, and reevaluation. And that the number and complexity of events will vary according to the program, scope, and funding sources involved in apartment construction. The sequences known as program development, site analysis, building planning, and building design . Site analysis involves evaluation of physical data which must be recognized, identified, and weighed by the architect in making basic design decisions dealing with site use, allocation and development. Following are the factors –


 i.  Apartment Floor Shape and Size – 


The shape and size of an apartment building can have significant influence on the cost and consequently the feasibility of a project. The shape of the repetitive typical floors influences the cost of constructing and enclosing the floors. For purposes of economy and efficiency, building shape should be simple and repetitive. 


 ii.  Building Height – 


The cost of a building may be affected by building height. A building may be of such height that it exceeds prevailing capacities in terms of available construction equipment and contractor experience. Of the various mechanical systems which serve an apartment building, each has various increments and “step-up” points. For example, there is a situation such that the addition of a single extra floor could require a substantial increase in elevator service either through an additional elevator or an expensive increase in elevator speed Similar situations exist for fire, plumbing, and electrical, and opinions of the various consultants.


iii.  Length and Width – 


Building length or width are generally proportionate to increase in area, however, as with other such items, there are step-up points at which there are disproportionately large increases in cost for slight dimensional increases.


iv. Wind Bracing -


Wind bracing becomes a structural design consideration in buildings beyond the 10-to 12-story range, and one must then consider measures which may be introduced to resist the overturning tendency due to wind loads. Wind bracing may be achieved by introduction of various structural measures. The extent and, therefore, the expense of these measures may be reduced if the building shape itself contributes to wind bracing.


v. Structural systems


Concrete – The most common structural system presently employed for medium- to high-rise apartment construction is flat-plate cast-in-place reinforced concrete with randomly placed columns. This structural approach has certain advantages which make it particularly adaptable to apartment construction.


Steel – Although much less common than cast-in place concrete, steel frame structures are also employed in the construction of apartment buildings Limitations As a rule of thumb, spacing between concrete columns may economically be in the range of 12- to 18-ft centers and spacing for steel Columns may range from 16 to 24 ft.


 Systems Approach – Any discussion of structural considerations in conjunction with housing must recognize that the housing industry appears to be at the beginning of an era of greatly increased pre fabrication, which is leading towards full systems building and industrialization of the building process


vi. Elevators – 


There are four variables involved in elevators Selection, as necessary for an efficient solution –


1. Travel distance

2. Elevator speed

3. Elevator capacity

4. Building population


vii.  Safety – In general, the architect may choose only among accepted and approved procedures as set down in codes. In most codes, two means of egress must be provided within specified distances from each dwelling unit except in the case of duplexes, which frequently require an additional means of egress off the corridors, usually by means of an escape balcony. However,effectively preclude the use of scissor stairs, in many cases by limiting the allowable length of dead-end corridors. Fire escapes are usually required for construction that is not fireproof; and sprinklers, smoke doors, fire detectors, and alarms are additionally required for various classifications of construction in some codes.


viii.  Plumbing – Vertical plumbing risers and waste lines or” plumbing stacks” are expensive due to both material and labor costs. Reduction in the number of stacks saves money and is, therefore, to a greater or lesser extent advantageous and advisable.


ix. Ventilation – Interior spaces such as bathrooms, interior kitchens, and public halls require mechanical exhausting. In making preliminary layouts, to determine the floor area to be allocated to exhaust ducts.


x.   Heating and Cooling- In most cases, planning and spatial lay out are not significantly influenced by heating and/or cooling units and their lines of supply. The most common exception is the case in which ducts deliver conditioned air from either a central source or a unit in the apartment. In such a case, ducts may be of such size as to become a planning factor. Otherwise, heating or cooling units are served either by hot and/or chilled water pipes or electric conduct.


6.  Various Permission required for Apartment construction


For constructing an Apartment building various noc’s and building permissions are required. Local Bodies like, Pune Municipal Corporation, PMRDA, PCMC grant the permission for Apartment Building construction. Permission consist in various form of noc’s,  For example, NA Order, Plinth Checking, Garden Noc,  Water Noc and Drainage Noc etc.


7.     FAQ about Apartment Design


i.  What is difference between flat and apartment?


Flat and apartments usually refers as a self-contained residential unit with its own front door, bathroom, toilet and kitchen. In the same vein, the word apartment known as purpose-built unit in a building, where as flat refers as a converted unit in an older building. You can check in details here also, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apartment


ii.  Do I decorate single room apartment?


Interior designers do apartment designing work. Single room apartment decoration costs around 1-2 lakhs.


 iii.  Which is better apartment or house?


Apartment and house both are the best, but in most cases living in a house offers more space than you would get with an apartment.


 iv.  What is a multistorey apartment?


A multistorey apartment is a housing unit in a multistoried building which has multiple storeys, it also contains vertical circulation in the form of ramps, stairs and lifts.


v.  What are amenities in apartments?


There are many apartment amenities like, fitness center, business center, balconies, laundry room, swimming pool, childcare centre, playground, community room, garden and senior citizen space etc.


 vi.  What are the different types of apartment?


The apartments is usually classified by size and number of rooms. Whereas, Large apartments known as 3+ bedroom apartments, penthouse, duplex or triplex and parlor floor etc., medium apartment known as 2 bedroom apartment, 1 bedroom apartment, flex, junior 1 bedroom apartment, Garden apartment, shotgun apartment, basement apartment and flat etc. moreover, tiny apartment known as studio apartment, alcove apartment, convertible apartment, micro apartment, Single room occupancy unit etc.



Landscape Architect


Know more about Landscape Design Architect             


Landscape design architect creates beautiful outdoor spaces. The term landscape design covers two apparently contradictory elements. Landscape is traditionally thought to refer to undisturbed natural landscapes, and design is evidently artificial. But we must recognize that untouched landscapes are almost absent from large parts of the world, or exist only as a temporarily abandoned terrain subject solely to sporadic attacks. Built and unbuilt land are today strongly related in a dialectic relationship. This has also generated a spatial way of thinking in landscape design, comparable with architectural or town planning design processes .Landscape design architect plan design public outdoor spaces, such as gardens, campuses, parks, commercial centers, waterfront development, resorts, Institutional and industrial.


1.  Design Rules


A very basic rule landscape architect need to be in follow is that the building should be linked with the site.  There are regulations about the distance of walls and fences from boundaries are laid down in the Law on the Rights of Neighbours and the individual state building regulations. The normal situation is that every house owner has to fence the right-hand side of their boundary as seen from the road. The joint back is to be fenced communally, i.e. the costs of minimal fencing (wire mesh fence, height = 1.25 m are to be shared. If a house owner has a sole duty of enclosure, then they must bear the cost of fencing alone and the fencing must stand on their own property. If the enclosure duty is shared, then the barrier must be centred on the boundary. There is a general duty of enclosure when it is usual in the location. Walls and retaining walls including enclosures do not require.


2. Cost required for Landscape Design


The cost involve in the Landscape design are extraordinary high. Landscape design architect may charge the cost for Landscape design on lump sum basis or at the 5% of total cost for comprehensive architectural services.


 Design Parameters involved in Landscape


Aesthetic landscape compositions are congenial solutions for a space, which form an inseparable unit with buildings or town planning. So it is evident that landscape design architects are integrated into the project team right from the start, like structural or services engineers. The Foundation aspect in landscape design architect as follows –


  i.  Horizontal aspects –


The general structuring of outdoor areas in context with the surroundings is regarded as a horizontal aspect. This is a fundamental organization following considerations like idea, function, design and form. It can produce horizontal results like paving, lawns etc. and also vertical like buildings, trees, pergolas etc.

According to concept, items can be related to each other, repeated or contrasted; or a number of items can be superimposed. Open areas can, for example, continue themes or materials from

Buildings or provide a contrast. The ideal is to produce a central theme without functional limitations and then develop a design to make it readable.


ii.  Vertical aspects–


It is the concepts for outdoor areas derive from the fundamental horizontal aspects and substantiate them. Not only is the selection of materials important but also the spatial contexts of the immediate surroundings. If there is a dip or a rise in the field of view, this lends the space to different interpretations. On the peak of a rise or in an open area, a roof, object or shelter can offer an impression of spatial definition. In street environments, trees can reduce the proportions of high buildings to a human scale and create small spaces within large. Vertical aspects, whether built or planted, should be to a sensible scale and integrate seamlessly into the overall concept of landscape architecture.


 iii.       Form of illustration

The decision how to illustrate with plans or drawings depends greatly on the stage of the project work. In the preliminary design and actual design phases, hand sketches and drawings can even today still contribute to a project’s presentation. At these stages, forms of illustration have a great significance.


iv.  Design of earthworks –


Modelled areas of ground are generally perceived as pleasant and interesting which can have a strong effect on the perception of as pace. The human eye looks for viewpoints and fixed objects in an open area. An example of this is the common hilly landscape with meadows, farmland and isolated trees in open man-made countryside. This impression can be achieved with intentionally designed terrain modelling as an addition to vertical structures or plants. Homogeneously occupied areas (lawns, ground-cover planting of uniform height, paving), with sunken centres in particular,make spaces seem larger. Wavy or hilly ground modelling can also enlarge the impression of space. According to the situation,this can enable economic synergies to be gained through the management of earth quantities. While designing landscape, there are many factors compacted like Preservation of topsoil, Slope Protection, Soil formation, Soil Loosening, soil improvement,  etc.


 v.  Design aspects of walls and fences –


During the planning stage of landscape design it should generally be noted that walls and fences form vertical optical barriers. This should be used intentionally to create spaces or particular views. Individual spaces can be created out of large areas either geometrically or also organically. The selection of materials should consider the overall design concept. For Instance, paving can be of materials natural stone, brick etc. that ‘grow out of their original location, and can be continued into walls to create a tranquil and homogeneous effect. Walls and fencing offer a multitude of design forms and types. Like, Wooden Fences, Metal Fences, Metal mesh or grilles etc.


vi.  Freestanding walls and Retaining Walls –

Freestanding walls are only subject to damp from the soil through the foundations and there less problematic in the choice of materials. Whereas Retaining walls can be self-supporting of concrete with facing brick or of dry stone.


vii. Copings -


The tops of walls must be protected against rain and snow by covering them with large slabs or stones. The coping element should have a cross-fall of at least 0.5%. Longitudinal joints in the coping are not allowed and butt joints must be at right angles to the wall centre-line.


viii.  Pergolas and trellises – 


In addition to the selection of a material for the planned pergola, its position within the outdoor area needs to be considered carefully. Large pergolas form spaces almost like buildings, and should be justified by their function or particular aesthetic value. Pergolas can lead to special places or viewpoints and can be used to divide spaces and/or as a sitting area Pergolas with climbing plants should be detailed in accordance with the particular characteristics of the intended plant (spacing of supports for climbing or winding plants.




For the design of paths and paved areas, questions of proportion are important and the selection of materials is decisive. Firstly ,the correct dimensions for path width, free paved areas and enclosed spaces need to be determined according to the use and surroundings. Where as Steps overcome height differences: they are therefore always Significant as a vertical design aspect and require detailed matching to the overall theme. Flat and wide steps with low risers appear softer, more spacious and stronger in design. The steeper and narrower the steps, the more functional the impression.


x.   Rainwater Management and drainage–

Rainwater management is urgently suggested for ecological and economic reasons in order to preserve the natural rainwater cycle as far as possible. The basic principle of rainwater management is to avoid, reduce or at least greatly delay surface water running off into the drains where it arrives or in the immediate vicinity. Certainly, Drainage is generally differentiated into linear or point drainage. Depending on the surfacing, surface falls should be provided to drain surface water appropriately at all times of year.




5. FAQ about home, Terrace or any Landscape Design



i.   What are the 6main types of landscapes?


There are different types of landscapes. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Landscape, like, desert, taiga, wetland, mountain range, cliff, littoral zone, coast, tundra, shrub land, forest, rain forest, woodland, moors etc.


 ii.  What is the difference between architect and landscape architect?


Architect Design structures, such as residential buildings or commercial buildings, whereas Landscape architects Provides plan for the outdoor areas around structures, as design work is the fundamental difference between architect and Landscape Architect. 


iii.  How do I find landscape architect in pune?


Speak with number of landscape architect and discuss with them about your budget and project. You can take reference from your contact also. The best way to post enquiry on https://foot2feet.com/construction-services/architect-in-pune/ about architectural services, here you will get quotation from several architect. 


iv. What is difference between natural and man made landscape?


Natural Landscape is an environment which exist even in man’s absence, certainly its not affected by human activities. In the same vein Manmade landscape is the art of designing the drives, lawns, walks, gardens and shrubs  with the help of natural elements like stones, bricks, water, landforms and many more. 


v.  What is cheapest rock for landscaping?


Crushed gravel and pea gravel are the cheapest landscapes rocks. 


vi. How do you landscape the front of your house?


Enormous foundation planting along the front of your house will make good landscape look. 



House Design Architect


Know more about House Design Architect   


Architect is an expert professional who mixed up art and science of design, plan and look into the construction of a erecting building or house. They always make sure that design of a house make sense. Architecture field includes a wide variety of designing and planning, likewise they plan design develop present and oversees of all sort of project. House design architect also known as residential architect.


2. Roles of House design architect


House design Architect plays a very important role in construction of a home. In the same vein they are responsible for visual appearance of a house before final structural design.Whereas they are also responsible for decorating home interior as well as exterior. Architects are involved in all kind of construction activities from simple 1 bedroom house to multi story commercial complex. They usually hire for many things like, kitchen designer, furniture ideas for bedroom, design a modern home, living room interior etc.


 How to select best house design architect


To live in a mesmerizing home is the dream of an every individual. But its very rare to choose an architect who will fulfill our all the requirement! Now Foot2Feet made easy with its intermediary-free, transparent, reliable online platform where you get instant access to many house design architect in Pune.


Cost to hire house design architect      


Costs to hire house design architect is depends on what kind of house you want, what services you want your architect to provide, and what kind of architect you want. Some architect charge on percentage of total construction cost where as some architect cost on lump sum basis                               


FAQ about House Design Architect   


i.  What is the difference between an architect and a home designer?


Architects and interior designers are expert professionals who design the plans. The very basic difference is architect design buildings where as home designers use fixtures, furniture and other accessories to create a finished look and functional spaces inside a house


ii. How long does it take for an architect to design a house?


Generally, new home design or remodel a house takes upto 5/6 months to design, draft, and coordinate through the consultant, whereas to draw a house plan it takes less than 1 day or it’s done it within some hours also.


iii. How much does it cost to hire an architect for a home addition?


Cost to hire architect for home addition is same as its cost for the new construction. Generally architects charge at 3%  of the total construction cost.


iv. What is a 1.5 story house called?     


1.5 story house or one-and-a-half storey house is a detatched home which has a second floor that is about half the size of the main floor, but is off to one side. So this style of home called as half storey house.


v. What are the four types of houses?


There are various types of houses for example Attached, Detached House, Semi Detached, twin house, Duplex or Triplex.



Uses Permissible in Residential Zones R2 in UDCPR 2020

Any city in India is divided into various land use zones: Residential, Commercial, Agricultural, Industrial, etc. So, there is a restriction on the use of land under any zone. For example, You cannot build a Commercial building in an Agricultural Zone, or You cannot build hazardous or high-end Industries in a Residential Zone. So here are the uses permissible in the Residential Zone R-2 as per UDCPR 2020 (UNIFIED DEVELOPMENT CONTROL AND PROMOTION REGULATIONS FOR MAHARASHTRA STATE).


This is applicable to all Planning Authorities and Regional Plan Areas except Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, Other Planning Authorities / Special Planning Authorities / Development Authorities within the limit of Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, MIDC, NAINA, Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust, Hill Station Municipal Councils, Eco-sensitive / Eco-fragile region notified by MoEF & CC and Lonavala Municipal Council, in Maharashtra.


Rule No. 4.4 Uses Permissible in Residential Zone R-2



(Residential Zone R-2 includes Residential plots abutting on roads having existing or proposed widths of 9.0 m. and above in congested areas and 12.0 m. and above in non-congested areas).

(In the case of C Class M.C.s, Nagar panchayats, and R.P. areas, the above road width of 12.0 m. shall be 9.0 m. in non-congested areas).

4.4.1 In this zone, the following uses, mixed uses may be permitted

i) All uses permissible in R-1 shall be permitted in the R-2 zone, without any restriction of area.

ii) All uses or mix uses may be permitted irrespective of restriction on floor or area, except uses mentioned at Regulation No.4.8(ii), 4.11(viii, xviii, xxi, xxii, xxxi, xxxvii), 4.21 and like.

iii) All Uses permissible in a Public Semi-public Zone.

4.4.2 Uses Permitted in Independent Premises /Buildings

i) Vehicle Fuel filling Stations, including LPG / CNG / Ethanol with or without service stations, subject to provisions of Regulation No.4.11(vi)(c, d, and e) and subject to provisions in Regulation No.6.2.2., Sr.No.6 of Table 6-E. (This station may include Electric Vehicle Charging Stations).

ii) Trade or other similar schools.

iii) LPG godown, bulk storage, and sale of kerosene are subject to NOC of the Chief Controller of Explosives, Government of India.

iv) Service Industries :- The Service Industries may be permitted in independent buildings/Plot as given below :-

a) The Following Industries may be permitted with power requirement not more than 10 H.P., employment not more than 9 persons and floor area not exceeding 100 sq.m.


i) Manufacture of milk and dairy products such as butter, ghee, etc.


ii) (a) Rice huller

(b) Groundnut decorticators

(c) Grain Mill for production of flour

(d) Manufacture of supari and Masala grindings


(e) Baby oil expellers

iii) Manufacture of bakery products with no Floor above


iv) Coffee, curing, roasting, and grinding

v) Manufacture of Ice

vi) Sugarcane crushing & Fruit Juice



i) Manufacture of bidi ( May be permitted in R-1 Zone also)




i)  Handloom/power-loom of yarn for a maximum of 4 looms


ii)  Embroidery & making of crape laces & fringes


iii)  Manufacture of all types of textile garments, including wearing apparel


iv)  Manufacture of made-up textile goods such as curtains, mosquito nets, mattresses, bedding material pillowcases, and textile bags, etc.




Manufacture of wooden furniture and fixtures




i)  Manufacture of cartons and boxes from papers and paper board, paper pulp


ii)  Printing & Publishing newspaper


iii)  Engraving etching, block making, etc.


iv)  Bookbinding (may be permitted in R-1 Zone also)




Repair of footwear and other leather




i) Re-treading and vulcanizing works


ii) Manufacture of rubber balloons, hand gloves, and allied products




i) Manufacture of metal building components such as grills, gates, Doors and window frames, water tanks, wire nets, etc.


ii) Tool sharpening and razor sharpening works




Repairs of household electrical appliances such as radio sets. Television sets, tape recorders, heaters, irons, shavers, vacuum cleaners, refrigerators, air-conditioners, washing machines, electric cooking ranges, motor rewinding works, etc.




i) Manufacturing of pushcarts, hand carts, etc.


ii) (a) Servicing and repairing of bicycles, rickshaws, motorcycles and motor Vehicles


(b) Battery charging and repairs




i)  Manufacture of jewellery and related articles


ii)  Repair of watch, clock, and jewellery


iii)  Manufacture of Musical instruments and its repair


iv) (a) Repairs of locks, stoves, umbrellas, sewing machines, gas burners, buckets & other sundry household equipment


     (b) Optical glass grinding and repairs


v)  Petrol / CNG / Ethanol / All fuel filling / Electric Vehicle Charging Stations) subject to provisions in Regulation No.6.2.2., Sr.No.6 of Table 6-E


vi)  Laundries, Laundry service and cleaning, dyeing, bleaching and dry cleaning


vii)  Photo processing laboratories


viii)  Electronic Industry of assembly type (and not of manufacturing type including heating load)


(XII) Manufacture of structural stone goods, stone dressing, stone crushing and polishing, Manufacture of earthen & plaster states and images, toys and art wares, and Manufacture of cement concrete building components, concrete jallies, septic tank, plaster of paris work lime mortar, etc.


b) Following service industries may be permitted without restrictions mentioned in (a) above.




Canning & preservation of Fruits & Vegetables, Meat, and Fish, including production of Jam, Jelly, Sauce, etc.




Printing & Publishing periodicals, books, journals, atlases, maps, envelopes, printing pictures, post-card, embossing



Related Regulations to Rule No. 4- 


You can visit our other blogs on regulations through the below-mentioned links:


Uses Permissible in Various Zones UDCPR 2020


Uses Permissible in Development Plan Reservations in UDCPR 2020


Uses Permissible in Green Belt Zone and River Protection Belt in UDCPR 2020


Uses Permissible in Agricultural Zone in UDCPR 2020


Uses Permissible in Public and Semi Public Zone in UDCPR 2020


Uses Permissible in Industrial Zone in UDCPR 2020


Uses Permissible in Commercial Zone in UDCPR 2020


What are the Types of Zones in UDCPR 2020


Uses Permissible in Residential Zones R1 in UDCPR 2020



Setback, Marginal, Distance, Height in Non Congested Area in Maharashtra in UDCPR 2020

For the construction of any building, there is a restriction of floor space to be used. It is called the FSI (Floor space Index). Also, we have to provide distance from the plot boundary which is called as marginal distance or setbacks.


UDCPR 2020 Chapter 6 is all about Regulations for FSI & Marginal distance.


This is Applicable to all Planning Authorities and Regional Plan Areas except Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, Other Planning Authorities / Special Planning Authorities / Development Authorities within the limit of Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, MIDC, NAINA, Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust, Hill Station Municipal Councils, Eco-sensitive / Eco-fragile region notified by MoEF & CC and Lonavala Municipal Council, in Maharashtra.


Rule No. 6.2 Regulations For Outside Congested Area (Non-Congested Area)

6.2.1 Marginal Distances and Setbacks for Residential Buildings and Mixed Use with Height up to 15.0 m. or as mentioned in the Table No.6-D.


The provisions for minimum marginal distances, as given in Table No.6-D below, shall apply to the Residential buildings, Residential with mixed uses permissible in the Residential Zone, and Residential buildings permissible in other zones.


Table No. 6-D

Sr. NoDescription of the roadMin. Plot Size in sq.m.Min. width of the plot in metersMin. setback from the roadside in metersMin. side margins in metersMin. rear marg- ins in metersRemarks
1Roads of width 30.0 m. and above in local authority area.450156.0 in the case of A, B, and C class Municipal Corporations and 4.50 in the case of other areas.3.03.0Side and Rear Margins for building up to 15.0 m. height (excluding parking floor up to 6 m. height)
2In the case of the Regional Plan area. NH / SH450154.5 or as specified by Highway rules, whichever is more.3.03.0Side and Rear Margins for building up to 15.0 m. height (excluding parking floor up to 6.0 m. height)
3Roads of width 18.0 m. and above but below 30.0 m.250104.52.02.0Side and Rear Margins for building up to 10.0 m. height (excluding parking floor up to 6.0 m. height)
4Roads of width 15.0 m. and above but below 18.0 m200103.01.51.5Margins for buildings
G + 2 or stilt + 3 structure
5Roads of width less than 15.0 m.8063.0

(in the case of

semi-detached building, only one side marginal distance shall be permissible

1.5Margins for buildings
G + 2 or stilt + 3 structure

Row Housing

on roads of

12.0 m. and below

(In case of corner plot, 1.50 or building line of adjoining road, whichever is more)
1.5-- do --
7Row Housing for EWS / LIG / by public authority / private individual / Slum Upgradation, etc. by public authority203.00.9 from the pathway or 2.25 from the road boundary0.0
(In case of corner plot, 1.5 or building line of adjoining road, whichever is more)
0.9G + 1 or stilt + 2 structure only


Notes :-


(1)  The width of the road in the above table shall govern the requirements in columns 3 to 8.


(2)  In the case of Sr.No.1 to 6, structures having higher height may be permitted subject to marginal distance mentioned in Regulation No.6.2.3.


(3)  The minimum area of plots fronting on service roads along highways shall be with reference to the actual width of the service road.


(4)  For semi-detached buildings, the side margin shall be on one side only. Plots for semi-detached buildings shall be in pairs.


(5)  Row-housing plots at the junction of two roads shall be larger to maintain the setback from both roads. Not more than 12 and not less than 3 plots shall be allowed in each block of row housing. Each block shall be separated from the other by a 4.5 m. wide road/pathway or 4.5 m. side marginal distance within the plot or space, including side marginal distance of the plot.


(6)  No garage shall be permitted in a building having a stilt or basement provided for parking.


(7)  Construction of ottas, railings, barricades, or supporting columns for canopy or porch shall not be allowed in minimum front marginal distances. However, steps may be permitted within 1.2 m. from the building line. Also, supporting columns for the canopy or porch may be allowed within the building line.


(8)  In the case of Regional Plan areas, ribbon development rules shall not be relaxed without the consent of the Highway Authority.


(9)  In the case of special buildings, marginal distances shall be as per regulations for such buildings.


(10)  The plot width-to-depth ratio shall be 1 : 1.5 to 1 : 2.5, as far as possible in the plotted layout.


(11)  In Public Housing Schemes for E.W.S. undertaken by government or semi-government organizations, marginal distances shall be as per the respective schemes and rules.


(12)  The front setback set out in already approved and partially developed layouts/schemes, may be retained as per original approval, to maintain the building line.


(13)  The pattern of development, like semi-detached, row housing, etc., in the already approved layout shall be as per said approved layout.


(14)  Where commencement certificate is granted prior to publication of draft development plan or sanction of Development Plan and the plot gets affected by new road/road widening, proposed in the development plan, the front margin shall stand relaxed to that extent.


(15)  In case of redevelopment proposal affected by line of street up to 9.0 m. width under the Municipal Council or Municipal Corporation Act or development plan road of up to 9.0 m. width, the front margin shall stand relaxed to the extent of land affected by such proposal (1) subject to a minimum setback of 1.0 m. for roads having a width of 12.0 m. or less and 2.0 m. for roads having a width of more than 12.0 m., from the final line of the street.


(16)  Subsidiary structures such as garages (limited to one), outhouses, and independent sanitary blocks may be permitted only in plots having an area of 250 sq.m. or more.


(17)  Rear or side marginal distances for development along nallah or watercourses shall be subject to Regulation regarding “Sites Not Eligible for Construction of Building” and “Construction Within Flood Line”. (Chapter 3)


(18)  The plots which are substandard in area shall be developed as per marginal distances mentioned in the above table with reference to road width.


(19)  In case of plots having approach by dead-end road, (point access) front margin shall be limited to the width of point access.


(20) Building Line along classified roads, as mentioned in Regulation No.3.1.6, shall be applicable for residential buildings defined in Regulation No.1.3.93(i), and Control Line along classified roads shall be applicable for other uses or for commercial uses as mentioned in Regulation No.3.1.6 or for mixed-use buildings where non-residential uses are proposed at least 50% or more of total proposed built-up area.


Rule No. 6.2.2 Other Buildings


The Provision in respect of minimum road width, minimum marginal distances, etc., as given in Table No.6-E below, shall apply for different categories of other buildings.


Table No. 6. E

Sr. No


Type of building

Minimum road width requiredMinimum marginal distancesOther stipulations
1.Medical buildings
 a) Hospital, Maternity Homes, Health Club, Clinics, etc., buildings not being special buildings9.0 m. in case of A, B, C class Municipal Corporation, Metropolitan Authority Area and 7.5 m. in case of other areas.Margins as per Table No.6-D subject to side marginal distance of the minimum 3.0 m.NIL
 b) Hospital, Maternity Homes, Health Clubs, etc. buildings under the category of special building.Road width as required for Special Buildings. (Regulation No.3.3.9)6.0 m. on all sidesHeight of the building is subject to provisions of the the Maharashtra Fire Prevention and Life Safety Measures Act 2006.
2.Educational buildings
 a) Pre-primary SchoolOn any road.Margins as per Table No.6-D

Other requirements shall be as mentioned in the Table No.7-A of Regulation No.7.1.

Height of the building is subject to provisions of the Maharashtra Fire Prevention and Life Safety Measures Act 2006.

 b) Primary School not being a special building.6.0 m.-- do --
 c) Other educational buildings are not special buildings.9.0 m.3.0 m. on all sides
 d) Any building of category a, b, c above being a special building.Road width as required for Special Buildings6.0 m. on all sides
3.Public-Semi Public Building
 a) The Public-Semi Public Building is not The heightThe height,a special building.9.0 m.Margins as per Table No.6-D subject to side marginal distance of a minimum of 3.0 m. 
 b) Public-Semi Public Building being a special buildingRoad width as required for Special Buildings6.0 m. on all sides 
4.Cinema Theatre
 Cinema Theatre / Drama Theatre / Assembly Hall / Multiplex / Shopping Malls12.0 m.Front - 12.0 m. (only on one major road). 6.0 m. on all remaining sides

i) In case of cities having a population more than 2.5 lakhs as per the latest census, redevelopment of existing cinema theatre on plots shall be allowed subject to the condition that at least 1/3rd of the existing seats shall be retained, which shall not be below 150 seats and may be developed in combination with user permissible in R-2 zone.

ii) For the redevelopment of the existing theatre, marginal distances, including the front margin as per these regulations shall not be insisted upon. Redevelopment shall be allowed as per existing setback distances. Parking areas required as per these regulations shall not be insisted on; however, existing parking areas shall be maintained.

iii) In cases where redevelopment of the existing Cinema Theatre is carried out on the same place with a capacity more than the existing capacity in the form of single or multiscreen cinemas, then the owner/developer shall be allowed FSI potential mentioned in columns 6 or 9, as the case may be, of Table No.6-G at the rate of 20% land rate mentioned in Annual Rates of Statement without considering guidelines therein, for the additional capacity.

iv) The existing Cinema Theatre shall be allowed to be relocated and constructed at some other place within a distance of 5 km. In such case, the original site shall be allowed to be developed as per uses permissible in the adjoining zone.

Construction of Cinema Theatre / Multiplex shall conform to the provisions of Maharashtra Cinema (Regulations) Rules, 1966, and as amended from time to time, except the provisions mentioned above.

v) For the redevelopment of a Cinema plot having an area less than 1000 Sq.m., and if redevelopment of existing cinema theatre on such plot is not possible considering the other requirements in these regulations, the condition of providing at least 1/3rdof the existing seats or minimum 150 seats for cinema theatre shall not be insisted. In such cases, users permissible in adjoining predominant zones shall be permissible with special permission of the sanctioning authority.

5. Mangal Karyalaya
 a) Mangal Karyalaya and like buildings not under the category of special buildings.Road width as required for R-2 zone.3.0 m. on all sides. 
 b) Mangal karyalaya and like buildings under the category of special buildings.

12.0 m.


6.0 m. on all sides. 
6. Fuel Stations
 Fuel Filling Stations / including Petrol / Ethanol / LPG / CNG etc., Public Charging Stations for Electric Vehicles with or without service bay9.0 m.4.5 m. on all sides

i) In case the plot is located on any Classified road in the Regional Plan area, the distance from the junction of roads as may be specified by the Indian Road Congress/ Ministry of Road, Transport and Highway, shall be followed. (IRC guideline 2009 and MORTH Letter No.RW/NH-33023/19/99-DOIII, Dated 25.09.2003 as amended from time to time)

ii) NOC from the Chief Controller of Explosives shall be necessary.

iii) In a plot of Fuel Filling Station, other buildings or composite buildings for sales offices, snack bars, restaurants, public conveniences, the or like activities may be permitted.

The FSI shall not exceed 0.25 and underground structures along with kiosks shall not be counted towards FSI.

7. Mercantile Buildings.
 a) Mercantile / Business / Hotel / Commercial building under the category of special buildings.Road width as required for Special Building.Front 6.0 m. Side & rear 6.0 m.

i) Shops may also face on side and rear of a plot.

ii) Minimum width and area of the Shop shall be as per the convenience of the owner/developer.

iii) In case of construction of shops/offices only on the ground floor (not being a special building) side and rear marginal distance shall be as per Table No.6-D.

 b) Mercantile / Business / Hotel / Commercial building not under the the category of special buildingsRoad width as required for R-2 zone.Margins as per Table No.6- D subject to side marginal distance of a minimum 3.0 m.
 c) Shopping is convenient in the R-1 zone.On any road.Margins as per Table No.6- D.-
8. Stadium   
 Stadium with Pavilion12.0 m.6.0 m. on all sidesThe covered portion of the spectator’s gallery shall not exceed 25% of the plot area, which shall not be counted towards FSI. Shops below the spectator’s gallery may be permitted which shall not be counted towards FSI. In addition to this, ancillary offices, sports person accommodations, and public convenience-like structures may also be permitted which shall not consume more than 0.10 FSI on the gross plot area.


Note :


i)  In case of plots fronting on National Highways, State Highways, and Major District Roads in the Regional Plan area, the building line shall be as per Ribbon Development Rules or as given in the accommodations above, whichever is more.


ii)  Side and rear marginal distances mentioned in the above Table shall be subject to Regulation No.6.2.3, whichever is more.


iii)  In the case of special buildings, marginal distances shall be as per regulations for special buildings.


iv)  A stadium should desirably accommodate 400 m. running track.


v)  For the above buildings, permissible FSI shall be as per Regulation No. 6.3, unless otherwise

specified above.


vi) Point access (approach by dead-end road) to a plot shall be considered for the minimum road

width requirement mentioned in the above table. In such a case, the front margin shall be applicable for

the width of the point access road.

vi) The provisions about Cinema Theatre in column 5 of Table No.6-E shall be applicable to

Cinema Theatres in congested areas also.


Rule No. 6.2.3 Marginal distances for buildings of heights more than mentioned in Table No.6-D of Regulation No.6.2.1


(a) Front Margin - The front margin shall be as given in Table No.6-D and shall be applicable to a building irrespective of its height.


Provided that, in the case of group housing schemes where the building abuts an internal road, the minimum is 3.0 m. set back from the internal road or distance between two buildings, whichever is more, shall be provided. For Development/Regional Plan roads or classified roads or through roads, passing through Group Housing Schemes, the setback as prescribed in these regulations shall be provided.


(b) Side or rear marginal distance - Side or rear marginal distance in relation to the height of the building for light and ventilation shall be as below :-


The marginal distance on all sides shall be as per Table No.6-D / Table No.6-E for building height or floors mentioned therein. For height, more than stipulated in Table No.6-D / Table No.6-E, the marginal distance on all sides, except the front side of a building, shall be a minimum H / 5 (Where H = Height of the building above ground level).


Provided that, such marginal distance shall be subject to a maximum of 12.0 m. from the plot boundary, and the distance between two buildings shall be (1) as per Regulation No.6.2.4.


Provided further that, in case of redevelopment of the building which has ceased to exist in consequence of accidental fire / natural collapse/demolition for the reason of the same having been declared dangerous or dilapidated or unsafe by or under a lawful order of the authority or building having an age of more than 30 years, such marginal distance may be allowed upto 6.0 m. for a height of building upto 45 m. For the redevelopment of smaller plots having an area less than 1000 sq.m., one of the side margins/rear margins of 6.0 m may be relaxed subject to Fire NOC in case of bonafide hardship.


Provided further that, such marginal distance from recreational open space shall be 3.0 m. in case of non-special buildings and 6.0 m. in case of special buildings, irrespective of its height.


Provided further that, the building height for the purposes of this regulation and for calculating the marginal distances shall be exclusive of the height of parking floors up to 6.0 m.


Provided further that, where rooms do not derive light and ventilation from the exterior open space, i.e., dead walls, such marginal distance may be reduced (1) to 6.0 m. in the case of a special buildings and 3.0 m. in the case of other buildings.


Provided further that the plot/land of the owner falls within the jurisdiction of more than one authority, then continuous building (without leaving a margin on the boundary of the authorities) may be allowed with the consent of the other Authorities.


(c) Provision for Step Margin :- Step margins may be allowed to be provided on upper floors to achieve required side or rear marginal distances as mentioned in these regulations subject to a minimum marginal distance of 6.0 m. on ground level in case of special building.

This provision shall also be applicable to congested areas.


Rule No. 6.2.4  In the cases of layouts of two or more buildings in a plot for any uses :-


Distance between two buildings :- The distance between two buildings shall be the side / rear marginal distance required for the taller building between the two adjoining buildings.

Provided that, the pathway / internal road may be allowed to be proposed in such marginal distance.


Rule No. 6.2.5

In the case of a group housing scheme where the building abuts on an internal road, the minimum is 3.0 m. set back from the internal road or distance between two buildings, whichever is more shall be provided. For Development plan road/Regional plan road or classified road or through road, passing through Group Housing Scheme, normal setback as prescribed in the regulations shall be provided.


Rule No. 6.2.6  Buildings Abutting Two or More Streets

When a Building abuts two or more streets, the setbacks from the streets shall be such as if the building is fronting on each of such streets.



Related Regulations to Rule No.6 - 


You can visit our other blogs on regulations through the below-mentioned links:


Regulations for Height of Building in UDCPR 2020?


What is the Calculation of FSI Pline and its exemption in UDCPR 2020?


What are the Projections allowed in Front and Side Margin as per UDCPR 2020?


Industrial Building Regulations of FSI, Marginal Distances and Plot Area in UDCPR 2020


Regulations for Permissible FSI in Non Congested Area In Maharashtra in UDCPR 2020


What are the Setback, Marginal, Distance, Height, and Permissible FSI in Gaothan or Congested Area in Maharashtra in UDCPR 2020


Balcony as Requirements of Part of Building in UDCPR 2020

UDCPR 2020 Chapter 9 is all about the Requirements of Part of the Building as per mentioned in the UDCPR 


This is Applicable to all Planning Authorities and Regional Plan Areas except Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, Other Planning Authorities/Special Planning Authorities/ Development Authorities within the limit of Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, MIDC, NAINA, Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust, Hill Station Municipal Councils, Eco-sensitive/Eco-fragile region notified by MoEF & CC and Lonavala Municipal Council, in Maharashtra.


Rule No. 9.14 Balcony 


Balcony or balconies of a minimum width of 1.0 m. and maximum of 2.0 m. may be permitted in residential and other buildings on any floor except the ground floor, and such balcony projection shall be subject to the following conditions :-


i)  In non-congested areas, no balcony shall reduce the marginal open space (including front) to less than 2.0 m. up to 24.0 m. building height. For heights, 24.0 m. and more no balcony shall reduce the marginal open space to less than 6.0 m. on the first floor and 4.5 m. on the upper floor. In congested areas, balconies may be permitted on upper floors projecting in front setbacks except over lanes having a width of 4.50 m. or less and in marginal distances subject to 1.0 m. clear marginal distance from the plot boundary to the external face of the balcony.


ii)  Balcony, though not cantilever, shall be allowed on the ground floor, after leaving required setback/marginal distances.


iii)  The width of the balcony shall be measured perpendicular to the building up to the outermost edge of the balcony.


iv)  The balcony may be allowed to be enclosed in the room, at the time of development permission, if desired by the owner/developer. In such case depth of the enclosed balcony shall not exceed 1/3rd of the depth of the room. (including the depth of the balcony)


v)  Nothing shall be allowed beyond the outer edge of the balcony.


Related Regulations to Rule No. 9


Habitable Rooms as Requirements of Part of Building in UDCPR 2020


Basements as Requirements of Part of Building in UDCPR 2020


Ramp as Requirements of Part of Building in UDCPR 2020


Provision of Lift as Requirements of Part of Building in UDCPR 2020


Lighting and Ventilation of Room as Requirements of Part of Building in UDCPR 2020


Compound Wall and Other Requirements of Part of Building in UDCPR 2020


Development of Tourism and Hospitality Services under Community Nature Conservancy around Wild Life Sanctuaries and National Park in UDCPR 2020

UDCPR 2020 Chapter 14 is all about the Special Schemes as per mentioned in the UDCPR 


This is Applicable to all Planning Authorities and Regional Plan Areas except Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, Other Planning Authorities/Special Planning Authorities/ Development Authorities within the limit of Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, MIDC, NAINA, Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust, Hill Station Municipal Councils, Eco-sensitive/Eco-fragile region notified by MoEF & CC and Lonavala Municipal Council, in Maharashtra.


Rule No. 14.9 Development of Tourism and Hospitality Services under Community Nature Conservancy around Wild Life Sanctuaries and National Park


14.9.1 Applicability - 


These regulations shall apply to the privately owned (not applicable to forest land) lands falling in the Agriculture/No Development Zone situated within 5 km. distance from the boundaries of wildlife sanctuaries and national parks in the State of Maharashtra. The provisions of existing Regional Plans/Development Plans will prevail over these regulations, wherever lands are earmarked for urbanisable zones in such plans.


14.9.2 Regulation - 


For the lands situated within 5 km. distance (or up to a limit of notified eco-sensitive zone, whichever is more) from the boundaries of wildlife sanctuaries and national parks, if the land owner applies for development permission, for the development of eco-tourism, nature tourism, adventure tourism, same may be allowed; provided the land under consideration has a minimum area of one hectare in a contiguous manner.


i) Permissible users and built-up area -


The users permissible in the Agricultural Zone / No Development Zone area shall be as follows :-


a) Agriculture, Farming, development of wild animal shelters, plantation, and allied uses.


b) Tourist homes, Resorts, Hotels, etc. with Rooms/suites, support areas for reception, kitchen, utility services, etc. along with ancillary structures like covered parking, Watchman’s quarter, guard cabin, landscape elements, and only one observation tower per tourist resort up to the height of 15.0 m. with platform area up to 10 sq.m. in permanent / semi-permanent structural components.


ii) The norms for buildings shall be as follows -


a) The construction activities shall be as per the Zonal Master Plan/Regional Plan/Development Plan of the concerned protected area.


b) The maximum permissible total built-up area shall not exceed 10% of the gross area with only G + 1 structure having a height not more than 9.0 m. and it should blend with the surroundings.


c) The Fencing/fortification may be permissible for only 10% of the total land area around built-up structures in the form of chain links without masonry walls thereby keeping the remaining area free for the movement of wildlife.


d) Tourism infrastructure must conform to environment-friendly, low height, aesthetic architecture, natural cross ventilation; no use of asbestos, no air pollution, minimum outdoor lighting, and merging with the surrounding landscape. They should generate at least 50% of their total energy and fuel requirement from non-conventional energy sources like solar and biogas, etc.


e) The owner shall establish an effective sewage disposal and recycling system during the construction and operational phase of the development. No sewage shall be allowed to be discharged into the natural stream.


If in cases, where a lack of compliance is observed, the concerned authority should issue a notice to the resort owner/operator for corrective action within 15 days, failing to do so or having not been satisfied with the action taken or reply/justification received, any decision to shut down the unit may be taken, by the respective authority.


f) The owner shall establish effective systems for collection, segregation, composting and/or reuse of different types of solid waste collected during the construction and operational phase of the development.


g) The plastic components used within the area shall be recycled; failing which the resort shall be closed down within 48 hours.


h) Natural streams/slopes/terrain shall be kept as it is, except for the built-up area.


i) On an area other than 10% area, only local trees shall be planted and only natural vegetation shall be allowed.


j) For the development of such type already taken place, Condition no. (c) above shall be applicable retrospectively to the extent of restricting the fencing and keeping the remaining area free for the movement of wildlife.


k) While allowing such development, principles given in the National Tiger Conservation Authority, New Delhi Notification No.15-31/2012-NTCA, dated 15/10/2012 published in the Gazette of India Ext. pt. III S-4 dated 08/11/2012 and Government of Maharashtra as amended from time to time shall be used as guidelines.


l) All regulations prescribed in the Eco-Sensitive zone Notification of the concerned National Park/Wildlife Sanctuary should be strictly followed and all clearances required should be taken.


Related Regulations


You can visit our other blogs related to Regulations 14 through the below-mentioned links:


Integrated Logistic Park (ILP) in UDCPR 2020


Industrial Township under Aerospace and Defense Manufacturing Policy in UDCPR 2020


Slum Rehabilitation Scheme for Other Municipal Corporations in UDCPR 2020


Slum Rehabilitation for Pune, PCMC, PCNTDA, and Nagpur in UDCPR 2020


Urban Renewal Scheme in UDCPR 2020


Conservation of Heritage Buildings, Precints, Natural Features in UDCPR 2020


Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana in UDCPR 2020


Integrated Information Technology Township (IITP) in UDCPR 2020


Affordable Housing Scheme in UDCPR 2020


Integrated Township Project (ITP) in UDCPR 2020


Transit Oriented Development (TOD) in UDCPR 2020


Procedure During Construction in UDCPR 2020

UDCPR 2020 Chapter 2 is all about Development Permission and Commencement Certificate as per mentioned in the UDCPR 


This is Applicable to all Planning Authorities and Regional Plan Areas except the Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, Other Planning Authorities/Special Planning Authorities/ Development Authorities within the limits of the Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, MIDC, NAINA, Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust, Hill Station Municipal Councils, Eco-sensitive/Eco-fragile region notified by MoEF & CC, and Lonavala Municipal Council in Maharashtra.


Rule No. 2.8 Procedure During Construction


2.8.1  Owner/Developer/Architect/Town Planner/Engineer/Structural Engineer/supervisor or any licensed technical person's Responsibilities in their respective domain.


i) Neither granting of the development permission nor the approval of the drawings and specifications, nor the inspections, made by the Authority during the erection of the building shall, in any way relieve the Owner/Developer/Architect/Town Planner/Engineer/Structural Engineer/Supervisor or any licensed technical person, of such building/development from full responsibility for carrying out the work in accordance with the requirements of these regulations and safety norms as prescribed by the bureau of Indian Standards.


ii)  Every owner/developer shall :


a) Permit the Authority or his representative to enter the building or premises for which permission has been granted at any reasonable time to enforce these Regulations.


b) Submit the certificate for the execution of work as per structural safety requirements and give written notice to the Authority regarding the completion of work.


c) Give written notice to the Authority in case of termination of services of a Technical professional engaged by him.


2.8.2 Results of Test


Where tests of any materials are made to ensure conformity with the requirements of these regulations, records of the test data shall be kept available for inspection during the construction of the building and for such period thereafter as may be required by the Authority.


2.8.3 Display Board


As soon as the development/building permission is obtained, the owner/developer shall install a "Display Board" on a conspicuous place on-site indicating the following details :-


i)  Name and address of the owner, developer, and all concerned licensed persons


ii)  Survey number/city survey number of land under reference


iii)  Order number and date of grant of development/building permission/redevelopment permission issued by the Authority.


iv) Built-up area permitted


v)  RERA registration no


vi) Software QR Code for the Project generated in online building permission.
Such a Display Board shall not be required for individual plot holders' individual buildings.


2.8.4 Plinth Checking


The owner shall give intimation in the prescribed form in Appendix - F to the Authority after the completion of work up to the plinth level. This shall be certified by the Architect/licensed Engineer/Supervisor with a view to ensuring that the work is being carried out in accordance with the sanctioned plans. After such intimation, the construction work shall be carried out further. The officers of the Authority, who are empowered to grant development permission and subordinate officers to him, shall each, inspect about 10% of such plinth-certified cases.


2.8.5  Deviation During Construction


If during the construction of a building, any deviation of a substantial nature from the sanctioned plans is intended by way of internal or external additions, sanction of the Authority shall be necessary. A revised plan showing the deviation shall be submitted and the procedure laid down for the original plans shall apply to all such amended plans. Any work done in contravention of the sanctioned plans, without prior approval of the Authority, shall be deemed as unauthorized. However, any changes made within the internal layout of a residential or commercial unit, which does not violate FSI or other regulations, shall not be treated as unauthorized. Such changes shall be incorporated into the plan along with the completion certificate. Provided that revised permission may also be granted after the completion of work before obtaining a full occupancy certificate.


Related Regulations to Rule No. 2- 


You can visit our other blog on Regulation 2 through the below-mentioned links:


Commencement of Work in UDCPR 2020


Grant or Refusal of Permission in UDCPR 2020


Various Regulations in Chapter 2 in UDCPR 2020


Discretionary Powers and Relaxations In Specific Cases in UDCPR 2020


Discretionary Powers Interpretation in UDCPR 2020


Procedure for Obtaining Development Permission, Building Permission, Commencement Certificate in UDCPR 2020


Permission from the Planning Authority is Mandatory in UDCPR 2020