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1. Know more about Property Valuation       

An Inspection carried out to assist determine the current market value of a property is a Property Valuation. In the same vein, property valuation is a detailed report of a property’s market value. So from the property valuation the bank need to be confident that it can recover any outstanding amount owned on property that the buyer default on their mortgage.

2. Process for property valuation?

A property valuation is often present as a report. Foot2feet’s Property valuation expert, does step by step process to get your property valuation.

Firstly, valuer understand the purpose and function of the valuation. It includes to estimate the market value of the property it includes value in use, investment value, and insurable value and for which function valuation is in process. Likewise, for to buy or  sell a property, or to re-mortgage, need to file insurance claim for damage, and to appeal property tax.

Secondly, onsite inspection of property needs to be done. In this general information of property is required. Such as, the age, size, use of the property and equipment’s.

Thirdly, along with the information provided by client against property, Other informative data needs to be collected like real estate trends, including the local economy,  and site–specific data and comparable properties if applicable etc. Finally, composing all this information, the property valuation report is ready.

3. Documents Required for Property Valuation

Property valuation helps to determine the fair market value of a property at the time of property sale or purchase. The following documents are to be furnished along with the application form for Property Valuation –

  1. Proof of Ownership of property
  2. Copy of Encumbrances Certificate
  3. Aadhaar card
  4. Voters Id
  5. Proof Land Tax

4. Who does Property Valuation?

Generally, Property valuation is undertaken by a real estate agent or independent valuer. A valuer is someone with a professional degree and license from the institution of valuers. While a property broker helps you to understand the pulse of market. On Foot2feet.com You will get number of Valuer for property valuation in pune

5. When Property valuation is required?

A property valuation offer benefits to both the buyer and seller. It provides a clear indication of a property’s market value. Certainly property valuation reduces buyer’s risk of paying over the odds of a property. Report gives  detail  analysis of a property’s weakness. Hence  it assist the seller to decide which renovations to make to enhance a property’s value. Most importantly, Property valuation is required as because their mortgage lender like bank or financial institutes request this. After that, Property valuations often required for financial reporting, taxation compliance, determining the amount of compensation given to land owners for easement of land acquisition and family law mediation.

6. FAQ about Property Valuation

1. What is Property valuation certificate?

Property valuation is a legal document which certifies the details of the entry in the Registrarof Land Values.

2. What are the five methods of property valuation?

While evaluating a property, five main methods used, when conducting a property evaluation, i.e. comparison, profits, residual, investment and rental value of a property.

3. What is difference between a property appraisal and a property valuation?

A property valuation is a detailed report of a property’s market value. Whereas, property appraisal  is the process of creating an estimate of value for real estate.

4. How long does a home inspection typically take?

Generally it depends upon the size of the home and number of rooms. Whereas an average time to home inspections it takes upto 2 to 3 hrs.

5. How is land value calculated?

Land Value is calculated by considering the shape, frontage on the main road, zone use, plot coverage, Floor space index and instances of built-up properties in the locality.

Recreational Open Spaces in UDCPR 2020

There are general regulations about any construction permissible on land and no piece of land shall be used as a site for the construction of a building if the site is not eligible for it.


If the Authority considers that the site is insanitary, incapable of being well-drained, or is dangerous to construct a building on it then it is not permissible to use this land as a site for construction.

For Example, if the site is in Defense land, Railway region Hilly region, or not drained properly in this case there one cannot construct anything on the land without considering the regulations. This information about reservations and their use is very important when someone starts actual planning, whether they are land owners, builders, or construction owners. It is a must-know information before purchasing land or starting construction on the land


UDCPR 2020 Chapter 3 is all about General Land Development Requirements.


This is Applicable to all Planning Authorities and Regional Plan Areas except Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, Other Planning Authorities/Special Planning Authorities/ Development Authorities within the limit of Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, MIDC, NAINA, Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust, Hill Station Municipal Councils, Eco-sensitive/Eco-fragile region notified by MoEF & CC and Lonavala Municipal Council, in Maharashtra.


Rule No. 3.4 Recreational Open Spaces


3.4.1 Recreational Open Space


Open space is the space left for recreational activities for the user of the plot. It remains part of the same land under the ownership of the society.


Generally, we have to leave 10% of the total plot are for any building or layout permission. Depending upon by-laws smaller plots, gunthewari plots, N.A., plots do not require an open-space area.


In any layout or subdivision or any development of land for any land use/zone admeasuring 0.4 ha. or more (after deducting area under D.P./R.P. road, D.P. Reservation including deemed reservation under these regulations, if any, from the total area under development), 10% of the area under layout shall be earmarked as recreational open space which shall, as far as possible, be provided in one place. In case of land admeasuring more than 0.8 ha, such recreational open space may be allowed to be earmarked at different locations in the same layout, provided that the size and other dimensions conform to the provisions herein below. However, the owner shall be at liberty to provide recreational open space of more than 10%.


i) The above-mentioned area of 0.4 ha., shall be measured with reference to the original holding as of 11th January 1967 and not with reference to sub-divided holding in revenue/city survey record thereafter without the permission under the Maharashtra Regional & Town Planning Act, 1966. However, this provision shall not be applicable to plots compulsorily got subdivided below 0.4 ha. Due to the D.P./ R.P. Roads/Road widening/reservations/deemed reservations or any other proposal of the Authority.


For the lands which are sub-divided after 11th January, 1967 without taking prior permission from the Authority and having plot area below 0.4 ha., the applicant may opt for any of the options from:-


a)  providing 10% open space subject to a minimum of 200 sq.m., or


b)  availing the reduced FSI of 75% of the basic FSI as otherwise permissible on such land. In such cases, loading of TDR shall be permissible to the extent of 50%, as mentioned in Chapter 6 on General Building Requirements - SETBACK, MARGINAL DISTANCE, HEIGHT, AND PERMISSIBLE FSI.


c)  avail full basic FSI and other permissible FSI/TDR by paying 10% of the value of the land under the proposal as per the Annual Statement of Rates for that year, without considering the guidelines therein.


(ii) For the plots having an area up to 0.4 ha. regularised under the Maharashtra Gunthewari Development (Regularisation, Upgradation, and Control) Act, 2001, no such open space shall be required for the development permission. However, for plots having an area of 0.4 ha. or more regularised under this Act, all the provisions of UDCPR, including Recreational Open Space and amenity space, shall be applicable.


Not more than 50% of such recreational open space may be provided on the terrace of a podium in a congested /non-congested area subject to Regulation No.9.13.



(iii) Notwithstanding anything contained in the definition of “Recreational Open Space” in these regulations, such recreational open space to the extent of 100% may be allowed to be provided on the terrace of a podium if owner/developer provides 1.5 m. a strip of land along plot boundary, exclusive of marginal distances, for plantation of trees.


(iv) In case of lands declared surplus or retainable under the Urban Land (C. & R.) Act, 1976, if the entire retainable holding or entire surplus holding independently admeasures 0.4 ha or more, then 10% recreational open space shall be necessary for respective holding.


(v) Such recreational open space shall also be necessary for group housing schemes or campus/cluster planning for any use/zone.


(vi)  Such open space shall not be necessary:-


a)  in cases of layout or subdivision of plots from a layout already sanctioned by the Authority, irrespective of the percentage of open space left therein.


b)  for the development of the reservations in the Development Plans designated for the purpose other than residential.


c) for the uses other than Residential, Industrial, and Educational permissible in the Agricultural zone.


(vii) In the case of the development of land for educational purposes, in lieu of 10% recreational open space, the following percentage of the gross area (or as decided by the Government from time to time), excluding the area under Development/Regional Plan road and Development Plan reservations, shall be earmarked for playground. Notwithstanding anything contained in this regulation, the shape and location of such open space shall be such that it can be properly used as a playground. The area of such playground shall not be deducted for computation of FSI. The independent playground of the institution attached with the school building shall also be entitled to the computation of FSI.


Provided that, in case of area more than 1.0 ha. such area to be earmarked for playground shall be as under:-


Sr. No.Gross Area of LandPercentage of Playground
1Upto 1 ha.40%
2Above 1 ha. and up to 2 ha.area as per 1 + 35% of the remaining area
3Above 2 ha. and up to 3 ha.area as per 2 + 30% of the remaining area
4Above 3 ha. and upto 4 ha.area as per 3 + 25% of the remaining area
5Above 4 ha.area as per 4 + 20% of the remaining area


Provided further that, in cases where space for such playground is not available because of development permissions already granted by the Authority for education purposes and work is completed, such space for playground may not be insisted.


viii) Such recreational open space shall not be entirely proposed in marginal distances/setbacks, or a major part of it shall not be proposed in marginal distances/setbacks. However, such recreational open space, bigger than marginal distances and confirming to Regulation No.3.4.6, may include part of marginal distances/set back area, if such recreational open space is proposed adjoining to plot boundary.



3.4.2 Recreational Open Space - Owner’s Undertaking


The owner shall give an undertaking that the recreational open space shall be for the common use of all the residents or occupants of the layout/building unit.


i) On sanction of the development permission, the recreational open space shall be deemed to have been vested in the society/association of the residents/occupants of the layout/building unit except as specified otherwise. In case such society or association is yet to be formed, the owner shall give an undertaking to the Authority at the time of occupation certificate in case of Group Housing Scheme and at the time of final approval in case of plotted layout, that he will transfer the recreational open space at a nominal cost of Re.1/- to the society/association whenever it is formed. The recreational open space shall not be sold/leased out/allotted/transferred for any purpose, to any other person, and it shall not be put to any other use except for the common use of society/association of the residents/ occupants as mentioned in Regulation No.3.4.7.


ii) If the Authority is convinced that, either the owner has failed to abide by the undertaking or such open space is being used in violation of the provisions as prescribed in these regulations, then the Authority shall take over possession of such land of recreational open space for maintaining it for the uses permissible in these regulations, subject to condition that it shall not be further handed over or allotted to any person/institute/authority other than the society/association of the residents/occupants.


Provided that, it shall not bar the return of the possession of such open space to the original society/association of plot owners, after taking due undertaking to that effect.


Provided further that the cost incurred by the Planning Authority on maintenance of such Recreational Open Space shall be recovered as arrears of dues to the Authority from the owner/society/association of the residents/occupants till reversion of the possession.


3.4.3 Recreational Open Space - Rearrangement


No permission shall be granted to delete/reduce open spaces of the existing sanctioned layout/subdivision. However, while revising the layout, such recreational open space may be rearranged without a decrease in area subject to the minimum prescribed area under these Regulations with the consent of plot/tenement holders / co-owners, but such revision of recreational open space shall ordinarily not be allowed after a period of 4 years from 1st final sanction. However, such revision of open spaces may be allowed after 4 years also, where plots in the layout are not sold or transferred.


3.4.4 Recreational Open Space - Exclusive


The open spaces shall be exclusive of means of access/internal roads/designations or reservations, roads, and areas for road widening in the Development Plan/Regional Plan.


3.4.5 Recreational Open Space in Green Belt


Such recreational open space may be allowed to be earmarked, partly or fully, in the green belt area shown on the Development Plan after leaving a distance of 15.0 m. from the river and 9.0 m. from nallah, provided, such recreational space is sizable as required under these regulations. Provided that, the only use and structures permissible under Regulation No.4.11 on Land Use Classification and Permissible Uses on Agriculture Zone in respect of Green belt, may be permitted in such open space.


3.4.6 Minimum Dimensions


The minimum dimension of such recreational open space shall not be less than 10.0 m. and if the average width of such recreational open space is less than 20 m., the length thereof shall not exceed 2 1⁄2 times the average width.


3.4.7 Structures Permitted in Open Space


If required, structure and uses that can be permitted without counting in FSI in the recreational open spaces shall be as under:-


i) There may be a maximum two storeyed structures with a maximum 15% built-up area of recreational open space, out of which, built-up area on the ground floor shall not exceed 10%. In case of stilt, additional floors may be allowed.


ii)  The structures used for the purpose of the pavilion, gymnasia, fitness center, clubhouse, vipassana, and yoga center, crèche, kindergarten, library, or other structures for the purpose of sports and recreational activity (indoor or outdoor stadiums, etc., as per availability of area) may be permitted. Utilities such as water tanks (underground or elevated), electric substations, generator sets, pump houses, garbage treatment, and public health outposts/centers may be permitted only with the consent of the society of residents. Religious structure may be allowed with the permission of competent Authority as decided by the Government from time to time.


iii)  No detached toilet block shall be permitted.


iv)  A swimming pool may also be permitted in such a recreational open space. The ownership of such structures and other appurtenant users shall vest in all the owners on account of whose cumulative holdings the recreational open space is required to be kept in the land.


v)  The proposal for the construction of such structure should come as a proposal from the owner/s, owners’ society/societies, or federation of owners’ societies and shall be meant for the beneficial use of the owners/ members of such society/societies/federation of societies.


vi)  The remaining area of the recreational open space shall be kept open to the sky and properly accessible to all members as a place of recreation, garden, or a playground.


vii)  The owners’ society/societies, the federation of the owners’ societies shall submit to the Authority, a registered undertaking agreeing to the conditions in (v) & (vi) above while obtaining permission for the above said construction.


3.4.8 Recreational Open Space and Means of Access


Every plot meant for a recreational open space shall have an independent means of access. In the case of a group housing scheme, if such recreational open space is surrounded by or located along buildings and is meant for use by the occupants of those buildings, then independent means of access may not be insisted upon.


Related Regulations to Rule No. 3 - 


You can visit our other blogs related to Regulations 3 through the below-mentioned links:


Provision for Amenity Space in UDCPR 2020


Minimum Plot Area for Various Uses in UDCPR 2020


Provision for Inclusive Housing in UDCPR 2020


Relocation of D.P Reservations (Except Road) UDCPR 2020


Rules for Railway Line, River, Electric Line, Airport, Nallah in UDCPR 2020


Plotting, Land Subdivisions, and Access Road Rules in UDCPR 2020


Pre Construction Tips 7 Things to Check

Planning to start a constructional project? Good! But do you really know following things?

what you need to do to reach the construction phase? One may have various question in mind. like

What are the things to consider before building a house?

Different stages of building construction?

Is there any list of preconstruction services ?

What are pre construction planning stages ?

  A lot of us think that construction of a building only needs architects, a bunch of labors, electrician, plumbers, and money. Well, we don’t blame this way of thinking since we have always been portraying this picture when construction is concerned. But every construction project begins only after clearing all the essential legal pre-construction activities. This pre-construction process is little difficult but it make your home or building legally strong & sound. 

Tip – 1

Legal clearance of Land to get site control

The major benchmark before starting any construction process is to gain the complete site acquisition. Complete all the legal process that would define you as the site owner or something that legally gives you the site control. If you are thinking for the reason of its importance let us tell you that mostly the financing sources are unable to release the funds unless and until you have the site control.

These includes – 7/12, property card, Land demarcations, Title & search report, All mutation entries (ferfar), Society allotment letter, sale deed etc

Tip -2

Obtain the project financing

No project can stand strong if the finances are poor. So before starting any of the construction processes make sure you have strong financing in place. But what does actually in place mean? Not every penny can be ready and in hand, the least you could on your end is make sure your financing parties will deliver your need on time effortlessly. There are a lot of banks that offer constructional and another financing for a single project.

Not all Pre-constructional planning phases are in sequence so need to keep the department of financing alert as anything might come up anytime.

For financing you may need following documents –

Land ownership documents (given in tip -1 ), Pan card, Aadhar card, 3 years IT return statement, project estimate, Blue prints, documents of mortgage, salary slip (if any) etc.

Tip – 3

Architectural construction documents & Approvals

Before starting any pre-construction activity the third-party approvals are very important since you cannot start any construction without approval from local planning authority. A general contractor or your architect can get it done on your behalf. Generally, your project will be  reviewed by three main entities –

 – Approval plans & Building drawings

 – Construction team & their licences (contractor, architect, plumber, structural engineer)

 – Health & safety related assurance

 – Precautions to be followed during construction

 – Building rules of local area

Tip – 4 

Site Clearance and Installation of safety measures.

Building foot-print & 2m surrounding space should be cleared on site to start construction. Approach road to the construction area should be cleared so that construction equipments like RMC, JCB, Piling Machine, trucks carrying building material can reach the construction area easily.

Any accident happened on site can bring legal stay on project. Hence appropriate measures for labour safety must be taken.  

Tip – 5

Be Ready with Precise Project Management Plan

As you move forward by finalizing the different components of the project you need to invest your time tailoring the elite project management practices and plans to execute it. If you want to keep your project on track your team must know what the plan is and get ready to deliver it efficiently. 

Schedule your activities considering climatic conditions eg- complete under ground activities like foundation & footing before Rainy season. Plan your activities considering various speed up techniques, like 3rd floor slab & 1st floor brick work can be done simultaneously. 

Tip – 6

Appointment of Good Consultants – 

There is a great difference between knowing something and analyzing something. We recommend you to select consultant’s who not only listen you but analyze your needs properly. Here is list of various consultants for your construction –

Design Architect, Liasoning agency, Structural Consultant, Civil Contractor, Site Supervisor, Plumbing and Electrical consultant (MEP), Landscape Architect, Interior Designer.

Tip – 7

Estimate of Time

Estimate time required for completion of your project. This time must be calculated on real experiences of your surrounding projects. This will help you to plan your shifting (if you are currently using land for some purpose). All your day to day activities like office, job etc will be disturbed during this time. Time estimate will help you to manage it well.

Even during construction you will have to keep follow up to your schedule so that everything is done on time.

Development and Redevelopment Of Staff Quarters Of the State Government or Its Statuary Bodies or Planning Authority in UDCPR 2020

UDCPR 2020 Chapter 7 is all about Higher FSI for Certain Uses as per mentioned in the UDCPR 


This is Applicable to all Planning Authorities and Regional Plan Areas except Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, Other Planning Authorities/Special Planning Authorities/ Development Authorities within the limit of Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, MIDC, NAINA, Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust, Hill Station Municipal Councils, Eco-sensitive/Eco-fragile region notified by MoEF & CC and Lonavala Municipal Council, in Maharashtra


Rule No. 7.3 Development/Redevelopment Of Staff Quarters Of the State Government or Its Statuary Bodies or Planning Authority




Construction/reconstruction of staff quarters of the State Government or its statutory bodies or Authority shall be permitted on land belonging to such Authorities which are situated in developable zones such as Residential/Public Semi-public/Commercial Zones, etc. on the following conditions.



The basic FSI specified in these regulations may be allowed to be exceeded as per the following table on the gross plot area solely for the project of construction of staff quarters (hereinafter referred to as - staff quarter project) for the employees of the Government, or its statutory bodies or the Planning Authority (hereinafter collectively referred to as - User Authority), on land belonging to such User Authority, by the PWD of the Government of Maharashtra or MHADA or Maharashtra Police Housing Corporation or Planning Authority or any other Public Agency nominated by the Government for this purpose, which may also include any Special Purpose Vehicle, wherein the Government or a fully owned Company of the Government holds at least 51% equity share (hereinafter collectively referred to as - “implementing Public Authority”).




Road width and plot areaMaximum permissible FSI including basic FSI
18.0 m or above, minimum plot area 4000 sq.m and above3.00
12.0 m or above but below 18.0 m.2.50




For the purpose of calculating the FSI, the entire area of the plot, excluding areas under Development Plan roads/Regional Plan Roads and Development Plan Reservations, if any shall be considered.


Provided that, the Development Plan reservations like Government Staff Quarters, Police Housing, Municipal Housing, Municipal Staff Quarters, etc. on lands belonging to Government/Public Authorities/Local Authorities, shall not be excluded, if the scheme is undertaken on the said reservation.


Further, the amalgamation of such Development Plan reservation/s with adjoining lands for the execution of the project under this regulation shall be permissible.




The total permissible FSI under this regulation shall be utilized for the construction of staff quarters and ancillary activities for the User Authority, subject to the following:-


i) The area of staff quarters for various categories of employees shall be as per the norms prescribed by the concerned User Authority. In no case shall the area of staff quarters exceed the maximum limit of carpet area as prescribed therein.


ii a) The Authority may also permit up to 1/3rd of the total permissible FSI under this regulation for the construction of a free sale area (hereinafter referred to as “free sale component”) to be disposed of by the Implementing Public Authority as provided herein. The free sale component shall preferably be constructed in a separate block. Sub-division of plots shall be permissible on the basis of equitable distribution of FSI if construction of a free sale component is permitted by the Authority.


The free sale component may be utilized for commercial use as per the potential of the plot as decided by the following committee. The extent of commercial use, if required, shall be decided by the said committee strictly within the limits specified in these regulations.



Sr. NoMunicipal Corporations / Metropolitan AuthoritiesStatusAuthorities other than those in column 2 including Regional Plan Area
1Municipal / Metropolitan Commissioner (of the Municipal Corporation / Metropolitan Authority)ChairmanCollector of Concerned District
2Police Commissioner / District Superintendent of Police of Concerned DistrictMemberDistrict Superintendent of Police of Concerned District
3Collector of Concerned DistrictMemberChief Officer / Chief Executive Officer of the Authority or Assistant Director of Town Planning of the concerned District in the Regional Plan area.
4Superintendent Engineer (PWD)Member SecretarySuperintendent Engineer (PWD



ii-b) If the User Authority requires construction of staff quarters to the extent of full permissible FSI, then the User Authority shall pay the full cost of construction + 5% of construction cost as establishment charges to the Implementing Public Authority.


ii-c) The flats constructed under the free sale component shall be first offered to the Central Government, its statutory bodies, and Central/State PSUs for purchase as staff quarters and if the Central Government or its statutory Bodies or Central / State PSUs do not indicate willingness to purchase the same within the prescribed time limit, such flats shall be sold in open market.




 i) Notwithstanding anything contained in these regulations, no amount shall be charged towards Premium, Scrutiny Fee, etc., for the projects proposed under this regulation.

ii) The provisions of Inclusive Housing, mentioned in these regulations, shall not be applicable for development under this regulation.




 For any staff quarters project under this regulation, a development agreement shall be executed between the User Authority and the Implementing Public Authority, which, inter alia, shall authorize the Implementing Authority to dispose of the flats constructed under the free sale component of the project, wherever applicable. Such development agreement shall contain the details regarding the modalities and conditions of transferring such quarters (whether free of cost or on payment/receipt of a certain amount by the User Authority) to the user authority and also conditions, modalities of disposing of the flats under the free sale component by the Implementing Public Authority.


Related Regulations to Rule No. 7


Rule No. 7.0 in UDCPR 2020


Entitlement of FSI for Road Widening or Construction of New Roads or Surrender of Reserved Land in UDCPR 2020


Development and Redevelopment of Housing Schemes of Maharashtra Housing Area Development Authority in UDCPR 2020


Redevelopment of Existing Buildings in UDCPR 2020


Development of Housing for EWS and LIG in UDCPR 2020


Regulations for Development of Information Technology Establishment, Data Centers in UDCPR 2020


Regulation for Development of Biotechnology Parks in UDCPR 2020


Incentive for Green Buildings in UDCPR 2020


Buildings of Smart Fin Tech Centre in UDCPR 2020


Commercial Buildings in CBD, Commercial, Residential Zone in Planning Authorities Areas in UDCPR 2020


Alternatives Materials, Methods of Design and Construction and Tests in UDCPR 2020

UDCPR 2020 Chapter 12 is all about the Structural Safety, Water supply, Drainage, and Sanitary Requirements, Outdoor Display, And Other Services in Development Plans as per mentioned in the UDCPR 


This is Applicable to all Planning Authorities and Regional Plan Areas except Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, Other Planning Authorities/Special Planning Authorities/ Development Authorities within the limit of Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, MIDC, NAINA, Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust, Hill Station Municipal Councils, Eco-sensitive/Eco-fragile region notified by MoEF & CC and Lonavala Municipal Council, in Maharashtra.


Rule No. 12.3 Alternatives Materials, Methods of Design, Construction and Tests


1) The provision of the regulations is not intended to prevent the use of any material or method of design or construction, not specifically prescribed by the regulations, provided any such alternative has been approved.


2) The provision of these regulations is also not intended to prevent the adoption for architectural planning and layout conceived as an integrated development scheme.


3) The authority may approve any such alternative provided it is found that the proposed alternative is satisfactory and conform to the provisions of relevant parts regarding material, design, and construction and that material, method or work offered is, for the purpose intended, at least equivalent to that prescribed in the rules in quality, strength, compatibility, effectiveness, fire rating and resistance, durability and safety.


4) Tests : Whenever there is insufficient evidence of compliance with the provisions of the regulations of evidence that any material or method of design or construction does not conform to the requirements of the rules or in order to substantiate claims for alternative materials, design or methods of construction, the Authority may require tests sufficient in advance as proof of compliance. These tests shall be made by an approved agency at the expense of the owner.


5) The test method shall be as specified by the regulations for the materials or design or construction in question. If there are no appropriate test methods specified in the regulations, the Authority shall determine the test procedure. For methods of testing for building materials, references may be made to relevant Indian standards as given by the National Building Code of India, published by the Bureau of Indian Standards. The latest version of the National Building Code of India shall be taken into account at the time of enforcement of these rules.


6) Copies of the results of all such tests shall be retained by the authority for a period of not less than two years after the acceptance of the alternative material.


Related Regulations


You can visit our other blogs related to Regulations 12 through the below-mentioned links


Signs and Outdoor Display Structures in UDCPR 2020


Drainage and Sanitation Requirements in UDCPR 2020


Water Supply, Drainage, and Sanitary Requirements in UDCPR 2020


Building Services in UDCPR 2020


Quality of Materials and Workmanship in UDCPR 2020


Structural Safety, Water Supply, Drainage and Sanitary Requirements, Outdoor Display, and Other Services in UDCPR 2020


Habitable Rooms as Requirements of Part of Building in UDCPR 2020

Before constructing a building several requirements need to be considered, for any rooms, garages, or basements of a building. These requirements can be as the plinth of the building, size, and height of the rooms, doorways, stairways, etc.


UDCPR Chapter 9 is all about the requirements of part of the building. 


This is Applicable to all Planning Authorities and Regional Plan Areas except the Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, Other Planning Authorities/Special Planning Authorities/ Development Authorities within the limit of Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, MIDC, NAINA, Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust, Hill Station Municipal Councils, Eco-sensitive/Eco-fragile region notified by MoEF & CC and Lonavala Municipal Council, in Maharashtra.


Rule No. 9.0 Standard Requirements of Various Parts of Buildings


This part sets out the standard space requirements of various parts of the building, light and ventilation, the building services, fire safety, etc. The following parts of a building, wherever present, shall conform to the requirements given herein:


Rule No. 9.1 Plinth


i) The plinth of the building shall be so located with respect to the surrounding ground level that adequate drainage of the site is assured. The height of the plinth shall not be less than 30 cm. above the surrounding ground level. In areas subjected to flooding, the height of the plinth shall be at least 45 cm. above the high flood level.


ii) Covered parking spaces and garages shall be raised at least 15 cm. above the surrounding ground level and shall be satisfactorily drained.


Rule No. 9.2 Habitable Rooms


9.2.1 Size and Dimension of Habitable Rooms


Size and dimension of habitable rooms, shall be as per requirement and convenience of the owner.


9.2.2  Height of Habitable Rooms


The minimum and maximum height of a habitable room shall be given in Table No.9-A here under :


Table No.9-A

Sr. NoOccupancyMinimum Height (m.)Maximum Height (m.)
1Flat Roof - 
a) Any habitable room2.754.5
a 1) Habitable room in EWS / LIG Housing.2.754.2
b) Air-conditioned habitable room2.44.5
c) Assembly Halls, Residential Hotels of 3-star category and above, Institutional, Educational, Industrial, Hazardous or storage occupancies, Departmental Stores, Malls, IT Buildings, Office Buildings, Exhibition Centre, Convention Halls, Theatre, Film Studio, Entrance Halls and Lobbies to these buildings.

(2.40 m. in case

of Air conditioned room)

6.00 or higher according to the requirement of occupancy.
d) Shops3.004.5
2Pitched roof-  
 a) Any habitable room2.75 (average with 2.0 m. at the lowest point)

4.5 (average with

3.2 m. at the lowest point)

 b) Habitable room in EWS / LIG Housing.2.6 (average with 2.0 m. at the lowest point)

4.2 (average with

3.2 m. at the lowest point)


Provided that the minimum headway under any beam shall be 2.4 m.

Provided further that height more than that specified above, if required for a particular occupancy, shall not be counted towards the calculation of FSI.


Rule No. 9.3 Kitchen


9.3.1 Size of Kitchen


The size of the kitchen or a cooking alcove serving as cooking space shall be as per the requirement and convenience of the owner.


9.3.2  Height of Kitchen


The height of a kitchen measured from the surface of the floor, to the lowest point in the ceiling (bottom of slab) shall not be less than 2.75 m except for the portion to accommodate the floor trap of the upper floor.


Rule No. 9.4 Bath Rooms, Water Closets, Combined Bath Room and Water Closet


9.4.1 Size of bathroom and water closet


The minimum size shall be as follows -


i)  Independent Bathroom 1.00 m. x 1.20 m.


ii)  Independent Water closet 0.9 m. x 0.9 m.


iii)  Combined bathroom and water closet 1.50 sq.m. with a minimum width of 1.00 m.


9.4.2 Height of bathroom and water closet


The height of a bathroom or water closet measured from the surface of the floor to the lowest point in the ceiling (bottom of slab) shall be not less than 2.1 m.


9.4.3 Other requirements of bathroom and water closet


Every bathroom or water closet shall –


i)  be so situated that it derives ventilation from a ventilation shaft or external air;


ii)  have a window or ventilator, opening to a shaft or open space, of an area not less than 0.3 sq.m. with the side not less than 0.3 m.;


iii)  all the sewerage outlets shall be connected to the sewerage system. Where no such systems exist, a septic tank shall be provided within the plot conforming to the requirements of Regulation No.9.25.


Rule No. 9.5 Ledge or Tand/Loft


9.5.1 Location and Extent


Ledge or Tand may be provided at suitable places as per requirement. Lofts may be provided over kitchens, habitable rooms, bathrooms, water closets, and corridors within a tenement in residential buildings, over shops, and in an industrial building, as mentioned in below Table No.9-B subject to the following restrictions –


i)  The clear headroom under the Loft shall not be less than 2.1 m.


ii)  Loft in commercial areas and industrial buildings shall be located 2.0 m, away from the entrance.


iii)  Loft shall not interfere with the ventilation of the room under any circumstances.


iv)  The maximum height of the loft shall be 1.5m.


Table No.9-B - Provision of Loft

Sr. No.Rooms over which PermittedMaximum Coverage (Percentage to area or room below)
1Kitchen/Habitable Room25
2Bathroom, Water Closet, Corridor100
3Shops with widths up to 3.0 m.33
4Shops with a width exceeding 3.0 m.50


9.5.2 Location and extent of Ledge for Air Conditioning unit


Ledge for the Air Conditioning unit may be provided on the exterior of the wall of the rooms of size not exceeding 0.5 m. x 1.0 m. at the suitable location.


Rule No. 9.6 Cupboard




In residential buildings, cantilever projections of cupboards, floor to floor level, may be permitted except on the ground floor. Such projections excluding window area, may project up to 0.60 m. in the setbacks for buildings. However, the window frame shall be placed on the inner side of the wall and such cupboard shall be allowed only on one wall of each room. Moreover, such projection shall be at least 6.0 m. from the plot boundary in case of special buildings.




For heights, 24.0 m. and more no cupboard shall reduce the marginal open space to less than 6.0 m. on the first floor and 4.5 m. on the upper floor. In congested areas, cupboards may be permitted on upper floors projecting in front setbacks except over lanes having a width of 4.50 m. or less and in marginal distances subject to 1.0


Rule No. 9.7 Mezzanine Floor


9.7.1  Size of Mezzanine Floor


The minimum size of the mezzanine floor shall be as per the requirement and convenience of the owner. The aggregate area of such mezzanine floor shall in no case exceed 50% of the carpet area of that room, shops, etc. Where a loft is provided in the room, the mezzanine floor shall not be allowed.


Note - Mezzanine floor area shall be counted towards FSI.


9.7.2  Height of Mezzanine Floor


The headroom under the mezzanine floor shall not be less than 2.1 m.


9.7.3 Other requirements of mezzanine floor


A mezzanine floor may be permitted in a room or within a space, provided -


i) it conforms to the standards of living rooms as regards lighting and ventilation in case the mezzanine floor is used as a habitable room.


ii)  it is so constructed as not to interfere, under any circumstances, with the ventilation of the space over & under it.


iii)  such mezzanine floor or any part thereof will not be used as a kitchen.


iv)  it is at least 1.8 m, away from the front wall of such rooms.


v)  access to the mezzanine floor is from within the respective room only.


vi)  in no case shall a mezzanine floor be closed to make it liable to be converted into unventilated compartments.


Rule No. 9.8 Store Room


9.8.1 Size of Store Room


The area of a store room/room, if provided in a residential building, where light, ventilation, and height are provided at standards lower than as required for the living room, shall be as per requirements and convenience of the owner.


Rule No. 9.9 Garage 


9.9.1 Size of Private Garage


The size of a garage in individual residential buildings shall not be less than 2.5 m. x 5.0 m. and not more than 3.0 m. x 6.0 m. The garage, if located in the side open space, shall not be constructed within 3.0 m. from the main building, but at least 7.5 m, away from the any access road. The area of the garage shall be included in FSI.


9.9.2 Height of private Garage


The minimum and maximum height of the garage shall be 2.4 m. and 2.75 m. respectively.


9.9.3 Plinth of private Garage


The plinth of a garage located at ground level shall not be less than 15 cm. above the surrounding ground level.


9.9.4 Set Back of Private Garage


The garage shall be set back behind the building line for a street or road on which the plot abuts and shall not be located affecting the access ways to the building.


When the site fronts on two streets, the location of a garage (in a corner plot) (if provided within the marginal distances) shall be on diagonally opposite the point of intersections.


Rule No. 9.10 Roofs




The roof of a building shall be so constructed or framed as to permit effectual drainage of the rainwater therefrom by means of sufficient rainwater pipes of adequate size, wherever required, so arranged, jointed, and fixed as to ensure that the rainwater is carried away from the building without causing dampness in any part of the walls or foundations of the building or those of an adjacent building.




The Top Terrace of a building shall not be subdivided and it shall have only common access. However, intermediate terraces may be allowed to be attached to flats and shall not be counted in the balcony area.




The Authority may require rainwater pipes to be connected to a drain or sewer through a covered channel formed beneath the public footpath to connect the rainwater pipe to the road gutter or in any other approved manner, if not used for rainwater harvesting.


Rainwater pipes shall be affixed to the outside of the walls of the buildings or in recesses or chases cut or formed in such walls or in such other manner as may be necessary.


Rule No. 9.15 Supported Double Height Terraces


Supported double-height terraces shall be permitted (open terraces with railing and minimum height equal to two floors) within the building line.


Rule No. 9.31 Additional Requirements In Case of Housing Schemes


The following amenities shall be provided in any housing scheme and shall be counted in FSI.


i)  Fitness Centre, Crèche, society office cum letter box room, admeasuring area of about 20 sq.m. in scheme having minimum 100 flats and thereafter additional 20 sq.m. area for every 300 flats.


ii)  Sanitary block for servants having a maximum area of 3.0 sq.m. in schemes having minimum100 flats and thereafter additional 3.0 sq.m. area for every 200 flats.


iii)  Drivers room of size 12.0 sq.m. with attached toilet in schemes having minimum 100 flats and thereafter additional 10.0 sq.m. area for every 300 flats.


In case of a scheme having more than 1000 flats, the above amenities shall be reasonably provided keeping in view the above requirements.


iv) Every Residential building having more than 6 flats/tenements shall have an entrance lobby of a minimum of 9.0 sq.m. on the ground floor. The minimum dimension of such a lobby shall not be less than 2.50 m.


v) The requirements at (i) to (iii) above shall firstly be provided for the building having 30 (1) to 100 tenements and thereafter the quantum mentioned in the said provisions shall be provided.


Rule No. 9.32 Fire Protection Requirement


All special buildings shall be planned, designed, and constructed to ensure fire safety and this shall be done in accordance with the regulations of Maharashtra Fire Prevention and Life Safety Measures Act, 2006. For the provisions not included in these regulations and the said Act, provisions mentioned in Part IV of Fire Protection of National Building Code India, amended from time to time shall be referred to and prevail.


Related Regulations to Rule No. 9


Basements as Requirements of Part of Building in UDCPR 2020


Ramp as Requirements of Part of Building in UDCPR 2020


Balcony as Requirements of Part of Building in UDCPR 2020


Provision of Lift as Requirements of Part of Building in UDCPR 2020


Lighting and Ventilation of Room as Requirements of Part of Building in UDCPR 2020


Compound Wall and Other Requirements of Part of Building in UDCPR 2020